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6 FEB 06 1 Field Services. 6 FEB 06 2 TLO and ELOs Terminal Learning Objective: Describe the considerations for field service and human resources support.

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Presentation on theme: "6 FEB 06 1 Field Services. 6 FEB 06 2 TLO and ELOs Terminal Learning Objective: Describe the considerations for field service and human resources support."— Presentation transcript:

1 6 FEB 06 1 Field Services

2 6 FEB 06 2 TLO and ELOs Terminal Learning Objective: Describe the considerations for field service and human resources support Enabling Learning Objectives: A.Describe the mission, capabilities, and employment of field services organizations B.Identify the categories of field services, the employment of elements providing field service support, and units providing quality of life support C.Identify procedures for determining field service support requirements and planning considerations D.Describe field service support considerations for offensive, defensive, stability and reconstruction, and civil support operations

3 6 FEB 06 3 References Modular Force References FM-I 4-90.1, Heavy Brigade Combat Team Logistics, 15 March 2005 FM-I 3-90.6, Heavy Brigade Combat Team, 15 March 2005 FM-I 3-90.5, Heavy Brigade Combat Team Combined Arms Battalion, 15 March 2005 Army of Excellence References AR 638-2, Care and Disposition of Remains and Personal Effects, 22 December 2000 FM 4-0 (100-10), Combat Service Support, 29 August 2003 FM 10-1, Quartermaster Principles, 11 August 94 FM 10-23, Basic Doctrine for Army Field Feeding and Class I Operations Management, 18 April 96 FM 10-64, Mortuary Affairs Operations, 16 February 1999 JTTP 4-06, Joint Tactics, Techniques and Procedures for Mortuary Affairs in Joint Operations, 28 August 1996 ( FM10-450-4 Multi-service Helicopter Slingload Operations, 1 April 2002 FM 4-20.41 Aerial Delivery in a Theater of Operations, 29 October 2003 FM 42-414 Direct Support Field Service Company Operations, 3 September 2003

4 6 FEB 06 4 Outline What are Field Services Field Feeding Shower, Laundry, and Clothing Repair Mortuary Affairs Aerial Resupply Planners, Managers, and Organizations Supporting Offense, Defense, Reconstitution and Stability and Civil Support Operations

5 6 FEB 06 5 Field Services Field services are essential to enhance a Soldier's quality of life during operations. Field Services Include: Field Feeding Shower, Laundry and Clothing Repair Mortuary affairs Preparation for aerial delivery Water production (covered with fuel instruction)

6 6 FEB 06 6 Field Feeding

7 6 FEB 06 7 Army Field Feeding Operations Unit Commanders’ responsibility Standard is three quality meals/day Rations are packaged as individual or group meals Feeding schedules are based on established operations orders and timelines

8 6 FEB 06 8 Field Feeding The field feeding system assumes CORPS and DIV wide use of the MRE The theater transitions from the MREs to unitized group rations (UGR) after approximately 30 days UGR-A (fresh foods) during extended deployments of 90+ days 21-Day contingency operations (CONOPS) menu when deployed beyond 180 days Food service support will be required for attached units

9 6 FEB 06 9 Field Feeding Sustainment Base Corps DIV SUST X BSB II I FSC II SUST X BTB II I HHC I BTB II I HHC BTB II I HHC Containerized Kitchen Assault Kitchen Kitchen Company Level Field Feeding Enhanced (KCLFF-E) HHC, BSB PROVIDED FIELD FEEDING FOR THE BSB

10 6 FEB 06 10 Shower, Laundry, and Clothing Repair 12-Head Shower UnitLAUNDRY ADVANCED SYSTEM (LADS) Showers

11 6 FEB 06 11 Shower, Laundry, and Clothing Repair (SLCR) There are no SLCR support assets organic to the HBCT The QM Field Services Company, DIV/Corps Sustainment Brigades provides tactical SLCR services Shower and Laundry Goal: Provide weekly shower and launder up to 15 pounds of clothes a week Modular design: 6 SLCR sections each support 3,500 Soldiers (Total of 21,000 Soldiers a week) Must consider the additional water requirement resulting from SLCR use (15-20,000 gal/day) –Laundry Advanced System (LADS) uses approximately 500 gal/day

12 6 FEB 06 12 Mortuary Affairs

13 6 FEB 06 13 Mortuary Affairs Program Current Death –Operates worldwide in peacetime, may continue in mass fatality events/low intensity conflict –Provides mortuary supplies and services for permanent disposition of remains Concurrent Return –Preferred method of handling remains during conflicts –Provides for search, recovery, evacuation, tentative ID, mortuary services, and shipment to final destination Graves Registration –Activated only upon approval of the Geographic Combatant Commander –Provides for search, recovery, tentative ID, and, as a last resort, temporary internment in theater Divided into three distinct sub-programs:

14 6 FEB 06 14 Mortuary Affairs Sub-Programs Current Death Concurrent Return Graves Registration Place of Death PADD Hospital CONUS Mortuary Local Contract for CONUS Personnel No PE Depot Place of Death Collection Point TMEPPADD CONUS POE Mortuary Place of Death Collection Point Temp. Interment No Embalming

15 6 FEB 06 15 - During temporary interment, 2 theater evac platoons become 2 interment platoons - PE Depot may be detached and employed in theater or at port of entry mortuary CO HQ Collection Platoon Collection Section Theater Evac/ Mortuary/Cem Plt Processing SecEvacuation Sec PE Depot Platoon Receiving Sec Storage Sec Disposition Sec Mortuary Affairs Company

16 6 FEB 06 16 Mortuary Affairs Collection Company Collection Platoons will be attached to the DIV Sustainment Brigade. The platoon will attach collection sections to the BSB of each BCT. Each section has refrigeration capability. Each section capable of processing up to 20 remains per day. COLL PLT MAIN RECEIVINGSHIPPING FORWARD COLL SEC CO HQ

17 6 FEB 06 17 A mortuary affairs team from the sustainment brigade provides mortuary affairs support to the HBCT. Support from a Mortuary Affairs Team The HBCT is dependent on augmentation for collection, processing and evacuation. The team operates from the BSA and is responsible for processing remains. The team has no transportation capabilities and coordinates with the support operations officer for evacuation back to the theater mortuary evacuation point (TMEP). Internal to the HBCT, handling teams are pre-designated at the battalion level and operate in the combat trains. NOTE: It is the maneuver battalion FSC’s responsibility to evacuate remains from the combat trains to the BSA

18 6 FEB 06 18 Mortuary Affairs Site Selection Accessible to a good road network (MSR) In close proximity, but not in view of the CSH Reasonably removed from Class I/Water point Accessible to rotary wing aircraft (LZ) Concealed from casual view Sanitation facilities available SECURE TAJI, IRAQ

19 6 FEB 06 19 Forward MA Collection Point MISSION: Conduct limited search and evacuation operations of deceased U.S. Military, certain U.S. civilian and Allied personnel. Receive, inventory, and coordinate evacuation of Personal Effects (PE) with remains. 1 FWD CP Assigned Per BDE SPT BN Assigned MA Collection Company 6 Personnel Per MACP working 2 – 12 Hour Shifts Process approximately 20 Remains / 24 Hours Requires Life Support, Medical and Maintenance Support from Supported Unit Equipment: 1 – 20’ Refrigeration Van, Trailer Mounted 1 – 5-Ton Tractor 1 – 5-Ton Cargo Truck 1 – 400 Gallon Water Trailer 2 – Tents

20 6 FEB 06 20 Main MA Collection Point 1 Main CP Assigned per CORPS Assigned from the CORPS MA Collection Company Requires Life Support, Medical and Maintenance Support from Supported Unit Major Equipment: –1 – HMMWV –5 – 20’ Refrigeration Van, Trailer Mounted –5 – 5-Ton Tractor –2 – 2 1/2 -Ton Cargo Truck –2 – R/T Forklift MISSION: Establish, operate, and maintain a CORPS Main Collection Point that receives remains and Personal Effects (PE) from the Forward Collection Points.

21 6 FEB 06 21 Theater Mortuary Evacuation Point (TMEP) MISSION: Establish, operate, and maintain a Theater Mortuary Evacuation Point (Concurrent Return) or Temporary Interment sites in Theater (Graves Registration). 2 Platoons from the QM MA CO (EAC) Assigned to a Theater Sustainment Command Each Platoon can Process 250 Remains / 24 Hours Requires UCMJ, Life Support, Medical and Maintenance Support from Supported Unit Major Equipment (Dependent upon Theater Resources): 2 – HMMWV 3 – 20’ Refrigeration Van, Trailer Mounted 3 – 5-Ton Tractor 2 – 2 1/2 -Ton Cargo Truck (LMTV) 1 – R/T Forklift 1 – 400 Gallon Water Trailer TMEP

22 6 FEB 06 22 Mortuary Affairs NCO, SPO Supply and Services Cell Advises the BSB commander Coordinates MA operations Trains the brigade and BSB units and personnel Establishes the mortuary affairs collection point in the BSA Coordinates for augmentation Maintains files Plans and coordinates escort of remains

23 6 FEB 06 23 Mortuary Affairs Support Operations At unit level, remains are tentatively identified and evacuated to the Battalion Aid Station for medical verification Unit commanders are responsible for initial search, recovery, identification, and evacuation of remains to the MACP. (The FSC distribution platoon evacuates remains to the BCT MACP.) The sustainment BDE MA Co deploys a MA platoon forward to the DIV. The MA platoon then sends a MA collection section to the BSB. The MACP provides temporary storage of remains and personal effects (PE) before evacuating the remains and their accompanying PE to a MACP sustainment BDE or the TMEP.

24 6 FEB 06 24 Mortuary Affairs Evacuation Vehicles bringing supplies (except Class I) to the BSA evacuate remains from the BSA collection point as a backhaul mission or by throughput to the sustainment brigade collection company Evacuation of remains from the HBCT to DIV mortuary affairs collection point or theater mortuary evacuation point (TMEP) The recommended method of evacuation of remains is air evacuation (fixed or rotary wing) in coordination with the BSB support operations and DIV G3 air. Applying the throughput concept, remains may be evacuated directly to the rear for shipment to the port of embarkation (POE) mortuary.

25 6 FEB 06 25 Sustainment Base Corps DIV SUST X BSB II I FSC XX TSC II SUST X CONUS MA AIR Mortuary Affairs Remains Flow TMEP

26 6 FEB 06 26 OIF & OEF MA Locations Kandahar Baghram Baghdad Tikrit Mosul Camp Wolf Balad Al Asad TMEP

27 6 FEB 06 27 Theater Evacuation TMEP

28 6 FEB 06 28 Aerial Resupply

29 6 FEB 06 29 Aerial Resupply Operations Methods of Aerial Delivery: Airdrop Operations Sling load Operations Airland Operations The HBCT has no aerial delivery capability Air Force airlift and Army aviation assets may supplement the HBCT’s transportation capability When supply routes become severely disrupted, the use of aerial delivery may be necessary Units must be prepared to receive both air-dropped and sling-loaded supplies BSB SPO must coordinate for the backhaul for aerial delivery equipment (sling sets, parachutes, platforms, etc.)


31 6 FEB 06 31 Airdrop Operations –High Velocity - Can be used to drop subsistence, packaged POL and ammunition. Parachute has enough drag to hold the load in an upright position. Rate of descent is 70-90 feet per second. –Low Velocity - Used for fragile material such as vehicles or artillery pieces. Items are rigged on a airdrop platform or in an airdrop container. Rate of descent is approximately 28 feet per second. –Free Drop - Used to drop barrier material, PSYOPS material, rations or other non-breakable items. No parachute or retarding device is used for free drop. Rate of descent for free drop is 130 to 150 feet per second.

32 6 FEB 06 32 Airland Operations Requires an operational and secure airfield/field landing strip, material handling equipment (MHE) and fuel storage containers when using “Bladder Birds.” Can load 6 - 463L pallets on a C130, 13 - 463L pallets on a C141, and 18 - 463L pallets on a C17. C130 “Bladder Birds” can provide 6,000 gallons of fuel (2,400 peacetime, and C141 “Bladder Birds” can provide 9,000 gallons

33 6 FEB 06 33 Slingload Operations Relies on recovery of assets Pinpoint supplies on the ground Versatile, priorities can be shifted easily Load depends on the aircraft –(CH-47 vs. UH-60) Maximize backhaul Uses Army aviation assets Must have trained personnel –SLICC, Pathfinder, Air Assault

34 6 FEB 06 34 Aerial Resupply Operations Advantages include: Permitting throughput of supplies from Sustainment Brigades to using units, even if the unit is in an unreachable area Reduces the need for forward airfields or landing zones Permits greater dispersion of ground tactical forces Reduces delivery time (travel time only) Provides a shorter turnaround time than ground combat logistics patrols Disadvantages include: Vulnerability to enemy aircraft & ground fire Fewer supplies & equipment that can be carried The need for specialty trained rigging and drop zone personnel The impact of adverse weather on delivery capabilities and accuracy The impact of aircraft availability and operational readiness rates

35 6 FEB 06 35 Sustainment Base Corps DIV SUST X BSB II XX TSC II SUST X AIR BDE S4 X BDE S3 BAE I FSC 2 3 BSA DIV XX G3 4 CAB X Corps XXX G3 5 9 1 Aerial Resupply Request Procedures ( Army Air) CAB X

36 6 FEB 06 36 Planning Considerations Replacement of authorized personnel, equipment and supplies Requirements determination Status of support sites Support relationships Site locations

37 6 FEB 06 37 Field Service Branch, Support Operations Sustainment Brigade KEY TASKS CSSAMO CONTRACTING HN SUPPORT FIELD SVCS MEDICAL SERVICES DIVISION Exercises staff supervision Development field services policies and programs Conduct Combat Service Support (CSS) planning for field svc’s Conducts ongoing analysis of services capabilities and requirements in coordination with the Supply Division Assists in determining appropriate positioning of field services assets to support customer units for logistic tracking O3 MORTUARY AFFAIRS OFF 92A4V CW3 SR AIRDROP SYS TECH 921A E7 FIELD SVCS NCO 92S40 E6 MORTUARY AFFAIRS NCO 92M30 E6 FIELD SVCS NCO 92S30

38 6 FEB 06 38 Sustainment Brigade CSSB SUS BTB HHCSIG CSSB FINHRAMMOTRANSMAINTS&S Mission: Plan, coordinate, synchronize, monitor, and control logistics operations within assigned AO. Coordinates Host Nation Support (HNS) and contracting. Provide support to joint, interagency, and multinational forces as directed. HHC MED BDE Assigned Attached Assigned

39 6 FEB 06 39 BSB SPO: Supply and Services Cell Maint Cell Trans Mgt Cell Contract Cell BSB SPO Ammo Cell KEY TASKS HHS Cell Forecast, coordinate, and monitor the field services Conduct logistics preparation of the battlefield Provide technical expertise on field services Coordinates the evacuation of remains Supervises the mortuary affairs (MA) NCO Sup & Svc Cell

40 6 FEB 06 40 FSC (MNV) MAINT... MCS/HQS MAINT SECTION RECOV SECT ARMOR FMT MECH FMT ENGR FMT............ DISTRO HQS GEN SUPPLY WATER CL V........... FIELD FEEDING.. HQ.. Heavy Brigade Combat Team (Organic Log Support) 230 (x2) X BTB BSB HHC Distro Maint Med FSC (ARS) FSC (FIRES) 132 81 77 171 77 143 137 Mission: The FSC is a multifunctional unit organized to perform distribution of all classes of supply, minus medical, to its supported battalion. FSC (MNV) FSC (MNV)

41 6 FEB 06 41 Supporting Offense, Defense, Reconstruction and Stability and Civil Support Operations

42 6 FEB 06 42 Supporting Offensive Operations Most field services suspended Plan future field service operations Integrate field service operations with the tactical plan Plan triggers for activating/deactivating points Coordinate the locations, displacements, and routes of sustainment Use field service assets to overcome other CSS shortfalls

43 6 FEB 06 43 Supporting Defensive Operations Avoid patterns Location of field service sites and units Movement Terrain Periodically move field service units Cover and concealment Engineer and Medical support may be required

44 6 FEB 06 44 Supporting Reconstruction and Stability Operations Initially Army field services capability used extensively Transition to contractor and/or HNS Possible Joint, Multinational, and Interagency support requirement

45 6 FEB 06 45 Supporting Civil Support Operations Army may not be lead agent Initially Army field services used extensively Transition to contractor depending on the duration of the operation Possible Joint and Interagency support requirement

46 6 FEB 06 46 Questions and Lessons Learned Discussion Let’s Review

47 6 FEB 06 47 SRC: 10414L000 Mission: To provide DS shower, laundry, and clothing repair (SLCR) support for approximately 21,000 troops on an area basis. Capabilities: (Per Section 1 of TOE) (a) Laundry services totaling 315,000 lbs of laundry per week based on 15 lbs per soldier per week in support of 21,000 troops. (b) Each SLCR section can support 500 troops per day/3500 troops per week. (c) Distribution for individual laundry with organic distribution assets providing 24 hour laundry service. (d) Limited light textile repair. (e) Unit level maintenance on organic equipment. (f) Food service for assigned and attached personnel. (g) Delousing service when deemed necessary by medical authority. Assignment (Echelon): Normally assigned to a CSSB (Corps/DIV). QM Field Service Co (Modular)

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