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TOPIC APPLICATIONS VOLUME BY INTEGRATION

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define what a solid of revolution is decide which method will best determine the volume of the solid apply the different integration formulas. OBJECTIVE

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DEFINITION A solid of revolution is the figure formed when a plane region is revolved about a fixed line. The fixed line is called the axis of revolution. For short, we shall refer to the fixed line as axis. The volume of a solid of revolution may be using the following methods: DISK, RING and SHELL METHOD

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This method is used when the element (representative strip) is perpendicular to and touching the axis. Meaning, the axis is part of the boundary of the plane area. When the strip is revolved about the axis of rotation a DISK is generated. A. DISK METHOD: V = r 2 h

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h = dx y dx x = a f(x) - 0 x = b y = f(x) x = r The solid formed by revolving the strip is a cylinder whose volume is To find the volume of the entire solid

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Equation Volume by disks

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Example: Find the volume of the solid generated by revolving the region bounded by the line y = 6 – 2x and the coordinate axes about the y-axis. r =x (x, y) h = dy (0, 6 ) x y 0 (3,0) By horizontal stripping, the elements are perpendicular to and touches the axis of revolution, thus we use the disk Method.

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We use to find the area of the strip.

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Ring or Washer method is used when the element (or representative strip) is perpendicular to but not touching the axis. Since the axis is not a part of the boundary of the plane area, the strip when revolved about the axis generates a ring or washer. B. RING OR WASHER METHOD: V = (R 2 – r 2 )h

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(x 1, y 1 ) (x 2, y 2 ) x = a x = b dx h = dx y 1 = g(x) y 2 = f(x) Since and

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Figure 6.2.15 (p. 427)

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Equations (7) – (8) (p. 426) Figure 6.2.14

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. Example: Find the volume of solid generated by revolving the second quadrant region bounded by the curve about. R =1-x h =d y (0, 4 ) x 0 x 2 = 4-y x-1=0 r =1- 0 = 1 y (-2, 0 ) By horizontal stripping, the elements are perpendicular but not touching the axis of revolution, thus we use the Ring or Washer Method.

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cu. units.

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The method is used when the element (or representative strip) is parallel to the axis of revolution. When this strip is revolved about the axis, the solid formed is of cylindrical form. C. SHELL METHOD

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Example: Find the volume of the solid generated by revolving the second quadrant region bounded by the curve about. Using vertical stripping, the elements parallel to the axis of revolution, thus we use the shell method. Shell Method:

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HOMEWORK #8 A. Using disk or ring method, find the volume generated by revolving about the indicated axis the areas bounded by the following curves: 1.y = x 3, y = 0, x = 2; about x-axis 2.y = 6x – x 2, y = 0; about x-axis 3.y 2 = 4x, x = 4; about x = 4 4.y = x 2, y 2 = x; about x = -1 5.y = x 2 – x, y = 3 – x 2 ; about y = 4 B. Using cylindrical shell method, find the volume generated by revolving about the indicated axis the areas bounded by the following curves: 1.y = 3x – x 2, the y-axis, y = 2; about y-axis 3. y = x 3, x = y 3 ; about x-axis 2. y-axis, about x=2

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7.3 Volumes by Cylindrical Shells

7.3 Volumes by Cylindrical Shells

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