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1 Presented by July-2013, IIM Indore. 2  On Internet, nobody knows who you are…  A terrorist… or a student… or a spy…?

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Presentation on theme: "1 Presented by July-2013, IIM Indore. 2  On Internet, nobody knows who you are…  A terrorist… or a student… or a spy…?"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Presented by July-2013, IIM Indore

2 2  On Internet, nobody knows who you are…  A terrorist… or a student… or a spy…?

3 3  Compromised Digital Certificate  Denial of Service  Data Leakage  Malware  Hacking  Cyber Squatting  Phishing  Vishing  Identity Theft  Cyber Terrorism

4 4  The majority of cybercrimes are cantered on forgery, fraud and Phishing,  India is the third-most targeted country for Phishing attacks after the US and the UK  Social networks as well as ecommerce/gov sites are major targets  6.9 million bot-infected systems in 2011  14,348 website defacements in 2011  6, and 4, domains were defaced during 2011  15,000 sites hacked in 2011  India is the number 1 country in the world for generating spam.

5 5  A single identity is associated with each individual and is fixed in time.  Individuals are not on a list of known criminals or terrorists.  Individuals have not been previously excluded (e.g., are ineligible for services, have been deported, etc.).  The claimed identity may be verified (i.e., at a point of service).  Cyber Security is about establishing trust in entities accessing your networks and ensuring that they perform functions consistent with the role you define for them.  The fundamental capability necessary for any cyber security solution is Identity Management.  Biometrics is a key enabling technology in the fight to strengthen the security of systems against cyber crime.  “Automated measurement of Physiological and/or behavioural characteristics to determine or authenticate identity”  Biometrics provide a clear benefit to counteracting cyber security threats.

6 6  ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC 37  ISO/IEC JTC 1 SC 27  ISO/IEC 24761:2009, Information technology - Security techniques - Authentication context for biometrics (ACBio)  ISO/IEC 19792:2009, Information technology - Security techniques - Security evaluation of biometrics  ISO/IEC 24745 - Information technology - Security techniques - Biometric template protection  ISO/IEC 24760, Information technology - Security techniques - A Framework for Identity Management  ISO TC 68

7 IdentificationAuthentication It determines the identity of the person.It determines whether the person is indeed who he claims to be. No identity claim Many-to-one mapping. Cost of computation  number of record of users. Identity claim from the user One-to-one mapping. The cost of computation is independent of the number of records of users. Captured biometric signatures come from a set of known biometric feature stored in the system. Captured biometric signatures may be unknown to the system.

8 Biological/chemical based  Finger prints  Iris, Retinal scanning  Hand shape geometry  blood vessel/vein pattern  Facial recognition  ear image  DNA 8

9 A reflection of an individual’s Psychology  Hand written signatures  Voice pattern  Mouse movement dynamics  Gait (way of walking)  Keystroke dynamics 9

10 10  Eliminate memorization –  Users don’t have to memorize features of their voice, face, eyes, or fingerprints  Eliminate misplaced tokens –  Users won’t forget to bring fingerprints to work  Can’t be delegated –  Users can’t lend fingers or faces to someone else  Often unique –  Save money and maintain database integrity by eliminating duplicate enrolments  Liveliness detection & multimodal systems to combat spoofing.  Data signing, time stamp and session token mechanisms for minimizing hacking.  Coarse scoring, trusted sensors and secured channel for Denial of service.

11 11  Securely manage sensitive biometric data.  Ensuring the privacy of users’ personal (e.g. biometric) data.  Resisting attacks launched by insiders/outsiders.  Providing for non-repudiation of activities.  Integrating with 3rd party applications.  Scaling enterprise-wide deployments.

12 BUSINESS CASE - ROI COSTSBENEFITS Setting up global libraries, programming macros, validation checks Pay one time fees to set up these services Regulatory Submissions & ReportingStandardization reduces time and improves quality Training & HelpdeskTraining time reduced,helpdesk cost minimised when all sites adopt same ePRO/EDC technology Licensing FeesVolume discounts for EDC licensing fees centralized hosting Resource UtilizationHourly/Daily charges per resource 12

13 13  Expensive  Change with Age  Privacy Concerns  Hygiene perception  False Reading & copying  Reliability Issues

14 14  Biometrics offer the ability to both improve security and increase higher degrees of convenience.  Biometrics can supplement existing authentication mechanisms such as tokens and passwords.  ROI on eGov Projects may not show an picture as it is still in its infancy.

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