Presentation on theme: "Biometrics By: Ashley Rodriguez. Biometrics An automated method of recognizing a person based on physical or behavioral traits. Consist of two main classes."— Presentation transcript:
Biometrics An automated method of recognizing a person based on physical or behavioral traits. Consist of two main classes 1. Physiological- related to the shape of the body. 2. Behavioral- related to the acutal person.
Common human traits used Fingerprint Speech Face Iris Speech Handwritten signature Hand geometry
Functions Verification- a pre-stored template matched against a sample which can be stored in a card. Identification- uses all the templates to see which one is closest to the imputed sample.
Implementing Biometrics Possession-based- uses one specific “token” such as a security card. Knowledge-based- uses a code or password.
How a fingerprint is read Individual’s index finger is preceded onto scanner. Scanner reads unique pattern plotting distinctions. Points are linked forming a pattern recorded as an algorithm used for comparison.
Areas of study Biological studies- collects, analyzes, and manages data within biological communities. Biological sciences- researched for years and is now finally known as biological statistics. More recently, behavioral biometrics which has broadened its abilities to actually recognize a human’s physical and behavioral traits.
Examples of Biometric YouTube – Biometrics Disneyland
Parameters (1-3) Collectability- the ease of acquisition for measurement. Uniqueness- how well the biometric separates individually from another. Permanence- measures how well a biometric resists aging.
Parameters (4-5) Acceptability- the degree of approval in a technology. Performance- accuracy, and speed of the technology used.
Advancing.. As this technology advances, more and more companies are using biometrics to secure safe and accurate identification. The use of biometrics can efficiently offer the protection against economic and social problems associated with identity theft.
Concerns.. These concerns fall into three main categories: 1. Informational privacy 2. Physical privacy 3. Religious objections
Informational Privacy Relates to the tracking capabilities of biometrics, both public and private sectors have raised concerns on the ability to maintain owns anonymity. The information from tracking combined with other personal data can provide one with private information about another.
Physical Privacy Goes hand in hand with ones own hygiene. We can never be too certain on the cleanliness of the device, just as we can never be sure how clean a public restroom actually is
Religious Objections Christians associate the use of biometrics with the “branding” that was discussed in book of Revelation. They believe it goes against our freedoms as citizens in the United States.
Countries adapting to biometrics United States Brazil Germany Australia Israel Iraq Japan
United States Strong advocate of biometrics with the increase of security with the increase of security since Sept. 11th. In a recent speech given by President Bush in 2006 he says, “A key part of that system for verifying documents and work eligibility of aliens should be a new identification card for every legal foreign worker. The card should use biometric technology, such as digital fingerprints, to make it tamper-proof.”
Brazil Since the beginning of the 21st century Brazilians have a user ID card which –Fully digitized using a 2D bar code with information which can be matched with its owner. –The bar code includes a photo, signature, two fingerprints, and other data.
Implemented by: FBI Health Care Gyms Tanning Salons
FBI Uses Live Scan identification system or Cross Match System to capture and check the fingerprints and photographs of Al- Qaeda terrorists. The Live Scan system allows the prints to be transmitted rapidly through satellite back to home base.
Health Care Patients are now able to place their finger on a scanner to pull up their record. Also used to eliminate health-insurance fraud. There is no picture on a health insurance card, so sometimes they get passed around.
The future.. Biometrics is a fascinating area of study that continues to expand and develop. Within the next few years we will soon be able to live in a more care-free world. Biometrics is the future, within a few years everything in our world will be computerized and run electronically.