Presentation on theme: "111 API Tank Standards Update PETRO 2012 May 28 - 31, 2012 Alexandria, Virginia Steve Crimaudo, Senior Associate API Standards."— Presentation transcript:
111 API Tank Standards Update PETRO 2012 May , 2012 Alexandria, Virginia Steve Crimaudo, Senior Associate API Standards
222 API Tank Standards Update Industry Statistics Total petroleum products delivered to the domestic market in March 2012: 18,994,000 b/d (March 2011: 19,248,000 b/d). [Source - API] statistics.aspx In the month of March billion gallons of Jet fuel were consumed by U.S. passenger and cargo airlines - a 4% decrease from March Source: A4A Jet-Fuel Cost and Consumption Report
333 API Tank Standards Update DOD Statistics Worldwide Bulk Fuel Ending Inventory, FY 2011, (Millions of Barrels) JP :(8.523) JP (14.960) JP8, JPTS (26.148) Total (49.631) [AVGAS ](0.002) Source: DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY, Energy Fact Book, Fiscal Year 2010 and 2011.
444 API Tank Standards Update
555 API History 1919:API founded as non-profit national trade association, New York City 1980s: API relocates to Washington, DC 1995:API Dallas Standards Office relocates to Washington, DC 2007:Opened first of 3 planned international offices in Beijing, China 2011:Singapore and Dubai, UAE offices opened
666 Background on API Standards Program The API Standardization Department was formed in 1923, with the first API standard published the following year on drilling threads. All industry segments now active in standardization: Exploration and Production Pipeline Transportation Refining Marketing
777 API Standards API now publishes ~600 technical standards covering all aspects of the oil and natural gas industry Foundation of Self Supporting Programs Basis for Worldwide Operations Core of Institute’s Technical Authority
888 Standards Development Process The API Standards program is accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) – the program was reaccredited by ANSI in Oct following a 2010 audit. - Openness, Balance, Consensus, Due Process - Regular program audits (conducted by ANSI) Transparent process (anyone can comment on any document in process) - All comments must be considered
999 Developed by consensus (does not mean unanimity) Committee balance between users/owner operators, manufacturers and contractors/consultants Standards developed using ANSI approved API Standards Development Procedures (available on-line at API corporate membership is not a requirement for participation on API standardization committees. Support from your management to participate is. Standards Development Process
10 Use of API Standards “De facto” international standards Adoption by reference common by State and Federal agencies – BOEMRE, DOT and EPA API does not promote adoption - prefer voluntary use Written for flexibility as performance based documents For 2012 the ongoing goal is to focus on documents with related policy impact.
11 API Standards Committee Structure Committee on Standardization of Oilfield Equipment & Materials Committee on Petroleum Measurement Committee on Refinery Equipment Marketing/Aviation Pipeline Transportation Safety & Fire Protection To support the Standards there are Certification programs: API Monogram Program, Individual Certification Programs and others, - Certification Programs
12 AST Standards API publishes over 70 standards, recommended practices, and bulletins covering various aspects of tank operations –Design & Construction –Inspection –Measurement –Emissions –Safety & Fire Protection - Safe Entry, Overfill Protection –Environmental - Leak detection, Release Prevention, Emissions –Research
13 AST Standards API publishes over 70 standards, recommended practices, and bulletins covering various aspects of tank operations –Design & Construction –Inspection –Measurement and emissions –Safety & Fire Protection - Safe Entry, Overfill Protection –Environmental - Leak detection, Release Prevention, Emissions For committee access: mycommittees.api.org/standards/cre/scast/default.aspx Next Standards meeting: November , 2012
14 AST Standards - History [From Annex A: Background on Past Editions of API Welded Storage Tank Standards] API published a specification for welded steel storage tanks in July 1936 entitled API Standard 12C, All-Welded Oil Storage Tanks. Fifteen editions and seven supplements to API 12C were published between 1936 and API 12C was replaced by API Standard 650, Welded Tanks for Oil Storage in December 1961; 11 editions and 22 supplements, revisions or addenda to API 650 have been issued since.
15 Design & Construction API 620, Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks Designed for metal temperatures not greater than 250°F and with pressures in their gas or vapor spaces not more than 15 lbf/in. sq. gauge Appendix Q covers liquefied gases at temperatures not lower than –325°F Appendix R covers refrigerated products at temperatures from +40°F to –60°F
16 Current Edition of API 620 API 620, Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-pressure Storage Tanks, 11th Edition Addendum 3 to the 11 th Edition was published March 2012
17 API Standard Tank Systems for Refrigerated, Liquified Gas Storage API 625 is a proposed new standard for refrigerated tank systems which addresses coordination of the components of the tank system so that they act in an integrated way. The three related standards (API 625, API 620 and ACI 376) when all are published will bring American standards up to date with coverage of the single, double and full containment concepts which are currently in use.
18 API Standard Tank Systems for Refrigerated, Liquified Gas Storage API 625, Tank Systems for Refrigerated Liquefied Gas Storage 1st Edition was published August 2010
19 Tank Design & Construction API 650, Welded Tanks for Oil Storage –Primary construction code for refinery and storage terminal AST’s –Covers material, design, fabrication, erection and testing requirements –For tanks whose entire bottom is uniformly supported
20 Current Edition of API 650 API 650, Welded Tanks for Oil Storage 11 th Edition, Addendum 3, published August, 2011 Errata to Addendum 3 to incorporate additional revisions were published October 2011
21 API 650 now part of API Monogram Program New APPENDIX Y: API MONOGRAM (informative) Y.1 Introduction Y.2 API Monogram Marking Requirements Licenses for: - Shop Built Tanks (Appendix J) and - Fabricated Steel Plates are available - Certification Programs
22 API 650 API Monogram Program
23 Tank Inspection API 653, Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction –Referenced or adopted in at least seven US states –Minimum requirements for maintaining the integrity of tanks after they are placed in service –Applicable to welded, riveted, nonrefrigerated, and atmospheric pressure AST’s
24 Current Edition of API 653 API 653, Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction – Addendum 2 to the 4 th Edition was published January 2012
25 Inspection Codes API 570, Piping Inspection Code –First published in 1993 –Minimum requirements for inspection, repair, alteration, and rerating of in-service process piping systems –Complements API Standards 510 and 653
26 Additional API Inspection Codes RP Inspection of Piping, Tubing, Valves, and Fittings RP Inspection of Aboveground Storage Tanks RP Inspection of Pressure-Relieving Devices RP Material Verification Program for New and Existing Alloy Piping Systems RP Fitness-for-Service
27 Release Prevention & Leak Detection Pub An Engineering Assessment of Volumetric Methods of Leak Detection in Aboveground Storage Tanks Pub An Engineering Assessment of Acoustic Methods of Leak Detection in Aboveground Storage Tanks Pub Assessment of Tankfield Dike Lining Materials and Methods Pub. 322/323 - An Engineering Assessment of Volumetric/Acoustic Methods of Leak Detection in Aboveground Storage Tanks
28 Measurement MPMS Chap 2 - Tank Calibration MPMS Chap 3 - Tank Gauging MPMS Chap 4 - Proving Systems MPMS Chap 16 - Measurement of Hydrocarbon Fluids by Weight or Mass MPMS Chap 19 – Emission Calculations (Developed with EPA review and commentary.) [Note – MPMS = Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards which is maintained by the (COPM) Committee on Petroleum Measurement.]
29 Measurement Chap Evaporative Loss from Fixed Roof Tanks MPMS Chap 191 A - Evaporation Loss from Low- Pressure Tanks MPMS Chap Evaporative Loss from Floating Roof Tanks MPMS Std Measurement and Calibration of Horizontal Tanks MPMS Std Liquid Calibration of Tanks
30 Emissions MPMS Chap 193 Part D - Fugitive Emissions Test Method of Deck-Seam Loss Factors for Floating Roof Tanks MPMS Chap Recommended Practice for Speciation of Evaporative Losses Pub Vapor Collection and Control Operations for Storage and Transfer Operations in the Petroleum Industry Pub Development of Fugitive Emission Factors and Emission Profiles for Petroleum Marketing Terminals, Volume 1
31 Other Related Publications Std Venting Atmospheric and Low-Pressure Storage Tanks: Nonrefrigerated and Refrigerated RP Cathodic Protection of Aboveground Storage Tanks STD Design and Construction of Liquefied Petroleum Gas Installations (LPG)
32 API Tank Standards Update Thank you! Stephen Crimaudo Senior Associate, API Standards 1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC Phone: mycommittees.api.org/standards/cre/scast/default.aspx