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The War of 1812 Another War for Independence. Jefferson’s Indian Policy Choose Choose 1. Assimilate and become farmers 2.Move W. of the Mississippi Enforced.

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Presentation on theme: "The War of 1812 Another War for Independence. Jefferson’s Indian Policy Choose Choose 1. Assimilate and become farmers 2.Move W. of the Mississippi Enforced."— Presentation transcript:

1 The War of 1812 Another War for Independence

2 Jefferson’s Indian Policy Choose Choose 1. Assimilate and become farmers 2.Move W. of the Mississippi Enforced idea that Americans are the enemies and British can be allies Enforced idea that Americans are the enemies and British can be allies - the British limited W. expansion

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4 Impressment British navy forced citizens to join the “floating hell” British navy forced citizens to join the “floating hell” Also stopped American ships Also stopped American ships Know as the “Press” Know as the “Press” “Press Gangs” “Press Gangs”

5 During a six-year period through 1810, the more than 4,500 sailors the British snatched off American vessels, included 1,361 native-born Americans, who were later freed with few apologies. During a six-year period through 1810, the more than 4,500 sailors the British snatched off American vessels, included 1,361 native-born Americans, who were later freed with few apologies.

6 Chesapeake-Leopard Incident 1807 US Chesapeake boarded by British Leopard 4 men taken

7 American Reaction Jefferson didn’t want war! Jefferson didn’t want war! Demanded impressment stop Demanded impressment stop GB returned 3 of 4 men GB returned 3 of 4 men Did not stop impressment Did not stop impressment

8 Fearing attack from Americans they strengthened their ties with the Natives British Reaction

9 Embargo of 1807 Jefferson’s idea Prohibited American ships from going to any foreign port in the world Effects 1. Economic depression 2. Merchants and ship owners of NE (Federalists) believed it was unconstitutional 3. GB didn’t budge Congress ended Embargo right before Jefferson left office

10 Ridiculed in the press as Dambargo, Mob- Rage, Go-bar-'em or O-grab-me (embargo spelled backward)

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12 Madison was Jefferson’s Sec. of State 4 th President Madison’s elected

13 Non-Intercourse Act Passed just before Madison took office Passed just before Madison took office Replaced Embargo Act Replaced Embargo Act Re-opened trade with all nations except France and GB Re-opened trade with all nations except France and GB

14 Macon’s Bill No.2 Replaced expired Non-intercourse Act Replaced expired Non-intercourse Act Re-opened trade with France and GB Re-opened trade with France and GB Allowed President to restrict trade if they violated our shipping Allowed President to restrict trade if they violated our shipping - France backed down - US placed embargo on GB - GB repealed it’s blockade of Europe

15 William Henry Harrison Tecumseh

16 Tecumseh tried to unite the tribes against the Americans Tecumseh tried to unite the tribes against the Americans W.H. Harrison defeated Prophetstown in the battle of Tippecanoe W.H. Harrison defeated Prophetstown in the battle of Tippecanoe Supplied by the British…Indians continued to raid Supplied by the British…Indians continued to raid

17 Warhawks demand war! John C. CalhounHenry Clay Speaker of the HouseCommittee on Foreign Affairs

18 Madison's report to Congress, recommending war, said, Madison's report to Congress, recommending war, said, Under the pretext of impressing British seamen, our fellow-citizens are seized in British ports, on the high seas, and in every other quarter to which the British power extends, are taken on board British men-of-war and compelled to serve there as British subjects. In this mode our citizens are wantonly snatched from their country and their families, deprived of their liberty, and doomed to an ignominious and slavish bondage, compelled to fight the battles of a foreign country, and often to perish in them. Under the pretext of impressing British seamen, our fellow-citizens are seized in British ports, on the high seas, and in every other quarter to which the British power extends, are taken on board British men-of-war and compelled to serve there as British subjects. In this mode our citizens are wantonly snatched from their country and their families, deprived of their liberty, and doomed to an ignominious and slavish bondage, compelled to fight the battles of a foreign country, and often to perish in them.

19 June 28, 1812 Why? - British relations w/ Indians on frontier - British impressment of American sailors - British acts at sea - War Hawk influence in Congress War of 1812 Begins

20 The Capital Burned! August 24, 1814 August 24, 1814 In response to US burning Canadian capital York In response to US burning Canadian capital York

21 The British Burned the White House Burned shell of the White House

22 Dolly Madison Saved the portrait of Washington and other documents

23 Baltimore Harbor Baltimore Harbor Sept 13, 1814 Sept 13, 1814 GB bombed throughout the night GB bombed throughout the night Flag still flying at dawn Flag still flying at dawn Turning Point!!! Turning Point!!! The Battle of Ft. McHenry

24 Francis Scott Key On a prison ship, he negotiated the release of a prisoner On a prison ship, he negotiated the release of a prisoner Watched the battle Watched the battle Wrote a poem Wrote a poem - The Star Spangled Banner

25 Battle of New Orleans Jan 1815 Andrew Jackson led - Tennesseans, Kentuckians, Creoles, Blacks, pirates, and army troops Americans won War was already over!

26 Andrew Jackson became a national hero due to Battle at New Orleans! Andrew Jackson became a national hero due to Battle at New Orleans!

27 Hartford Convention New England Federalists in response to war New England Federalists in response to war Reintroduced idea of nullification Reintroduced idea of nullification Demanded amendments to Constitution to protect New England from South and West Demanded amendments to Constitution to protect New England from South and West Wanted to secede from the Union Wanted to secede from the Union Results Results - End of Federalist Party!!! - no demands met > war was already over

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29 Members of the Convention are viewed as British Sympathizers

30 Treaty of Ghent Dec 24, 1814 Restored relations between GB and America to status quo before the war - restored pre war boundaries - released prisoners Opened land for settlement No territorial gains!


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