Presentation on theme: "Unit 3: Building a New Nation Chapter 9: Increasing Conflict & War,"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 3: Building a New Nation Chapter 9: Increasing Conflict & War, 1805-1815
2 Neutral America Jefferson won the 1804 election Napoleonic WarsU.S. encountered difficulties in trading with the British & French – faced hostilitiesBritish were practicing impressment – forcing the enlistment of sailors into the Navy, including U.S. citizens
3 Neutral America Leopard/Chesapeake Affair The Leopard fired upon the Chesapeake, killing 3 AmericansAmericans called for war, but Jefferson decided to use diplomacy & economic sanctions to keep the U.S. out of war
4 The Hated EmbargoEmbargo Act of 1807 – forbid the export of all goods from the U.S.Ruinous for the U.S. economy, especially in the NE & SouthIllegal trade network developed along the Canadian borderRepealed in 1809
5 Madison’s Administration Non-Intercourse Act replaced the Embargo ActThat was replaced in 1810 with Macon’s Bill No. 2U.S. began trading with France & continued the embargo with Britain
6 Tecumseh & “the Prophet” Tecumseh & “the Prophet”, brothers who were Shawnee Indians, concluded that the time had come to stop the onrush of settlers in the west
7 Tecumseh & “the Prophet” Put together a confederacy of all tribes east of the MississippiAided by the British?Some politicians, such as Indiana Gov. William Henry Harrison, viewed the Indians & British as obstacles to national destiny
8 Tecumseh & “the Prophet” At the Battle of Tippecanoe, Harrison & his men attacked followers of the Shawnee Indians & burned their townWar Hawks voted in favor of war
9 Highlights of the War of 1812 Oliver Hazard Perry defeated the British at the Battle of Put-in-Bay
10 Highlights of the War of 1812 The British burned Washington D.C.
11 Highlights of the War of 1812 Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner” in 1814
12 Highlights of the War of 1812 The most successful battle fought by the Americans in the war was the Battle of New Orleans, which was fought after the war was over
13 Treaty of Ghent – a Tie?Provided for the acceptance of the status quo at the beginning of hostilitiesDid not address the issues over which the U.S. & Britain had gone to war
14 Results of the War of 1812 Caused a heightened sense of nationalism War heroes Andrew Jackson & William Henry Harrison emergedIndians were forced further westAmericans gained greater industrial independence
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