1 Choosing an Open Source Digital Collection Software Solution: Eprints DSpace Drupal Omeka
2 Joseph Fisher Database Management Librarian @ UMass Lowell Digital Commonwealth Executive CommitteeStudent in the University of Arizona SIRLSGraduate Certificate Program in Digital Information Management (DigIn)digin.arizona.edu
3 Objective Five stages of implementation: Installation (DSpace) BrandingCollection setupItem ingestUser Interface
7 EPrints University of Southampton, UK First released (v 2.0) 2002 Current version (v3 2006)Linux / Windows (Perl)“EPrints is … the easiest and fastest way to set up repositories of open access research literature, scientific data, theses, reports and multimedia.”
8 EPrints : Key Featuressoftware links to the SHERPA/RoMEO database so authors can easily verify their publisher policiesLCSH framework included that can be manually expandedSupports internal and external authority files or auto-fill from previous database entries.Multiple item import and export optionsThumbnails and preview images of search items
32 EPrints ConclusionEasy to install, easy to brand, best for a single subject-specific repositoryDesigned for documents, though now supports multiple file typesEasy embargo, default thumbnail and previewSome preservation support – History module for tracking changes, METS export pluginV3 does enable easier development of plugins (20-30 listed per year)
33 EPrints: ChallengesNot all Dublin Core fields provided (relation, source, contributor, coverage)Lack of theme optionsPossible with Views to create custom collection space within a repository?Statistics? Permissions? Plugins?Documentation not well developed
36 DSpace HP-MIT Libraries Alliance (2002) DuraSpace (2009) Current version (2.0 due in Oct.)Linux / Windows (Java)“DSpace preserves and enables easy and open access to all types of digital content including text, images, moving images, mpegs and data sets.”
37 DSpace : Key FeaturesPreservation support: Bit integrity checker, format registry, item history, handles, DuraCloud backupDiscover faceted seach/browse interfaceQualified Dublin Core base or MODS thru xmluiEmbargo capabilityOAI-PMH harvesting, both data and service supplierManakin XMLUI provides flexible though challenging customization capability (multiple custom archives)
38 Dspace: Installation Prerequisite Software : Linux or Windows Oracle Java JDK Maven (Java build tool for stage 1)Ant (Java build tool for stage 2)PostgreSQL or OracleTomcatPerl
67 DSpace: Conclusion Very functional out of the box with easy branding Increasing preservation management support (PREMIS support coming in v2.0)Good documentation, training materials, and broad support basePlatform is versatile and flexible with ability to customize collection interfacesOAI-PMH/ORE/SWORD (postponed)SOLR-based statistics engineMetadata registry, option to add new schemas
70 Drupal Became Open Source project (2001) Current version 7 (Jan. 2011) Content Management Framework (CMF)LAMP / Windows (PHP)“Drupal … allows anyone to easily publish, manage and organize a wide variety of content on a website. .”
71 Drupal: Key Features Numerous themes Extensive module availability: Custom Control Kit (CCK) – allows creation of fields for input and displayFaceted SearchImage administrationAdvanced SearchViews – create customized lists and queriesOAI-PMH module
72 Drupal: ConclusionsFlexible and versatile but takes time and effort to put all the pieces togetherLarge, varied, and active community of users and developers with good documentationLimited only by module availability, of which there are nearly 8,000 (back to version 4.x)Challenges: modules are managed individually and the entire structure manually constructed
74 OmekaCenter for History and New Media at George Mason University (2008)LAMP / Windows (PHP)V (2011)“Omeka is a free, flexible, and open source web-publishing platform for the display of library, museum, archives, and scholarly collections and exhibitions.”
75 Omeka: Key Features “Designed with non-IT specialists in mind” “as easy as launching a blog”Over a dozen themesOver 30 Plugins:OAI-PMH HarvesterExhibit BuilderLC Subject HeadingsCommentsSocial BookmarkingItem Relationships
76 Omeka.net Cloud web hosting Five tiers: 500MB for free with 1 site, 4 plugins, 4 themesTier 1 = $49 for 1GB, 2 sites, 6 pluginsTier 4 = $999 for 25GB, unlimited sites and plugins
85 Omeka: Conclusion Extremely easy plug and play functionality Exhibit plugin enables easy customized collection interfacesImmediate metadata field additionsLimited user and development base, but still new and growingVery easy OAI-PMH capability
86 Why Open Source? lower cost, predatory vendor lock in. Mission: Open source is a development method for software that harnesses the power of distributed peer review and transparency of process. The promise of open source is better quality, higher reliability, and an end to The Open Source Initiative (OSI)more flexibility,lower cost,predatory vendor lock in.
88 Choice Criteria Institutional Repository or Digital Archive Ease of useMetadata flexibilityOAI HarvestingFile format supportMultiple collection interface customizationPopularity / ReputationSize of active communityDevelopment commitment
89 Insource Outsource “…two major problems … First, the core mission of for-profit service providers is not to preserve and provide access to significant digital objects. It is, however, to generate a profit and stay in business….Second, if an outsourcing trend takes hold and gains momentum, then cultural institutions are at great risk of losing their own value proposition and viability as institutions in the digital age.”Tyler O. Walters, Katherine Skinner.“Economics, sustainability, and the cooperative model in digital preservation.” Library Hi Tech (28.2) 2010
90 Librarians of the World Unite!! ¡Viva la Revolución!We have nothing to lose!!Control the means of Production!!
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