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Jeffersonian Era. The text’s authors believed that the Louisiana Purchase was “the most glorious achievement of Jefferson as president”. Do you agree?

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Presentation on theme: "Jeffersonian Era. The text’s authors believed that the Louisiana Purchase was “the most glorious achievement of Jefferson as president”. Do you agree?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Jeffersonian Era

2 The text’s authors believed that the Louisiana Purchase was “the most glorious achievement of Jefferson as president”. Do you agree? Why or why not? Assess the Jeffersonian presidency. What do you think were his three most important legacies? Explain your choices

3 Election of 1800 Burr Republican candidates: Jefferson & Aaron Burr

4 Election of 1800 Tie vote  Lame Duck Federalist House of Representatives 36 ballots before Jefferson backed; Hamilton supported TJ over Burr Lead to 12 th Amendment (new rules for electing president and vice president)

5 The Finale of Federalists & Jefferson’s Restraint

6 Jefferson the Man Wanted democratic society of small, independent farmers Favored limited government, popular education, protection of civil liberties Revolution of 1800: triumph of common citizen over the aristocracy, peaceful transition to another party

7 Death of Federalists “halfway house between European past & American future”

8 Jefferson as President… Alien & Sedition acts expired Naturalization law of 1802 – 5 yrs Congressional repeal of whisky tax Cut back army & navy Replaced some Federalist officeholders Repealed Judiciary Act of 1801 (eliminating Adams’Midnight Judges)

9 Jefferson as President… Mostly continued Hamilton’s financial program Kept many federalists in office Continued isolationist policy Used lose interpretation of Constitution when it suited him…

10 Federalist who served 34 years Marbury v. Madison (1803)  judicial review John Marshall & Supreme Court

11 Barbary Pirates

12 Louisiana Purchase (1803) Importance of Mississippi River & New Orleans Napoleon offers all of Louisiana Territory Constitutional Problems with purchase Lewis & Clark, Zebulon Pike expeditions

13

14 Meanwhile…The Napoleonic Wars

15 1. Napoleonic Wars Q1806  Berlin Decrees [“Continental System”] Q1806  Britain issued the “Orders in Council.” Q1807  Milan Decrees Q  Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.

16 Napoleonic Wars: GB v. France Britain & France blockade each other American ships make profits running blockades British impress American sailors

17 Napoleonic Wars: GB v. France Chesapeake-Leopard Affair (1807)

18 2. Chesapeake-Leopard “Affair” QJune 21, QBr. Captain fired on the USS Chesapeake. Q3 dead, 18 wounded. QBr. Foreign Office said it was a mistake. QJefferson’s Response:  Forbade Br. ships to dock in American ports.  Ordered state governors to call up as much as 100,000 militiamen.

19 3. The Embargo Act (1807) The “OGRABME” Turtle

20 Embargo Act ( ) No US trade w/ foreign countries Little effect on GB & France Federalists, South, & West oppose Non-Intercourse Act repeals, but continues no trade w/ GB, France

21 Madison & Drift to War James Madison succeeds Jefferson

22 4. The Non-Intercourse Act (1809) QReplaced the Embargo Act. QRemained U. S. policy until QUnexpected Consequences:  N. Eng. was forced to become self- sufficient again [old factories reopened].  Laid the groundwork for US industrial power.  Jefferson, a critic of an industrial America, ironically contributed to Hamilton’s view of the US!!!  Macon Bill No. 2: Madison dupe of Napoleon

23 5. Br. Instigation of Indians British General Brock Meets with Tecumseh

24 Madison & Drift to War Southern & Western War Hawks, demand war against Britain, Spain – Leaders: John C. Calhoun (SC) and Henry Clay (KY) Madison asks Congress to declare war in 1812 Madison

25 “War Hawks” Henry Clay [KY] John C. Calhoun [SC]

26 Presidential Election of 1812

27 “Mr. Madison’s War!”

28 American Problems QThe US was unprepared militarily:  Had a 12-ship navy vs. Britain’s 800 ships.  Americans disliked a draft  preferred to enlist in the disorganized state militias. QFinancially unprepared:  Flood of paper $.  Revenue from import tariffs declined. QRegional disagreements.

29 War of 1812

30 Overview of the War of 1812

31 3 U. S. Invasions of 1812

32 Campaigns of 1813

33 Wartime Events ( ) US failure to conquer Canada British counterattack from Canada thwarted US privateers at first successful, but later beaten

34 Wartime Events ( ) Washington DC captured, partially burned (Ft. McHenry withstands bombardment, inspiring Star Spangled Banner)

35 Battle of Fort McHenry, 1814 Oh Say Can You See By the Dawn’s Early Light… -- Francis Scott Key

36 Gave proof through the night, That our flag was still there..

37 Attack on Ft. Oswego, 1814

38 Hartford Convention December, 1814 – January, 1815

39 Treaty of Ghent December 24, 1814

40 Wartime Events ( ) Andrew Jackson defeats British at New Orleans, becomes a national hero

41 The Battle of New Orleans, 1815

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43 Jackson’s Florida Campaigns

44 Treaty of Ghent (1814) Status-quo… No mention of impressments, but European war over so moot point

45 Results of War Growth of American nationalism Strengthening of isolationism Increase in westward migration Encouragement of US industry Hartford Convention  disappearance of Federalist Party


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