Presentation on theme: "Jeffersonian Era. The text’s authors believed that the Louisiana Purchase was “the most glorious achievement of Jefferson as president”. Do you agree?"— Presentation transcript:
The text’s authors believed that the Louisiana Purchase was “the most glorious achievement of Jefferson as president”. Do you agree? Why or why not? Assess the Jeffersonian presidency. What do you think were his three most important legacies? Explain your choices
Election of 1800 Burr Republican candidates: Jefferson & Aaron Burr
Election of 1800 Tie vote Lame Duck Federalist House of Representatives 36 ballots before Jefferson backed; Hamilton supported TJ over Burr Lead to 12 th Amendment (new rules for electing president and vice president)
The Finale of Federalists & Jefferson’s Restraint
Jefferson the Man Wanted democratic society of small, independent farmers Favored limited government, popular education, protection of civil liberties Revolution of 1800: triumph of common citizen over the aristocracy, peaceful transition to another party
Death of Federalists “halfway house between European past & American future”
Jefferson as President… Alien & Sedition acts expired Naturalization law of 1802 – 5 yrs Congressional repeal of whisky tax Cut back army & navy Replaced some Federalist officeholders Repealed Judiciary Act of 1801 (eliminating Adams’Midnight Judges)
Jefferson as President… Mostly continued Hamilton’s financial program Kept many federalists in office Continued isolationist policy Used lose interpretation of Constitution when it suited him…
Federalist who served 34 years Marbury v. Madison (1803) judicial review John Marshall & Supreme Court
1. Napoleonic Wars Q1806 Berlin Decrees [“Continental System”] Q1806 Britain issued the “Orders in Council.” Q1807 Milan Decrees Q1808-1811 Britain impressed over 6,000 American sailors.
Napoleonic Wars: GB v. France Britain & France blockade each other American ships make profits running blockades British impress American sailors
Napoleonic Wars: GB v. France Chesapeake-Leopard Affair (1807)
2. Chesapeake-Leopard “Affair” QJune 21, 1807. QBr. Captain fired on the USS Chesapeake. Q3 dead, 18 wounded. QBr. Foreign Office said it was a mistake. QJefferson’s Response: Forbade Br. ships to dock in American ports. Ordered state governors to call up as much as 100,000 militiamen.
Embargo Act (1807-1809) No US trade w/ foreign countries Little effect on GB & France Federalists, South, & West oppose Non-Intercourse Act repeals, but continues no trade w/ GB, France
Madison & Drift to War James Madison succeeds Jefferson
4. The Non-Intercourse Act (1809) QReplaced the Embargo Act. QRemained U. S. policy until 1812. QUnexpected Consequences: N. Eng. was forced to become self- sufficient again [old factories reopened]. Laid the groundwork for US industrial power. Jefferson, a critic of an industrial America, ironically contributed to Hamilton’s view of the US!!! Macon Bill No. 2: Madison dupe of Napoleon
5. Br. Instigation of Indians British General Brock Meets with Tecumseh
Madison & Drift to War Southern & Western War Hawks, demand war against Britain, Spain – Leaders: John C. Calhoun (SC) and Henry Clay (KY) Madison asks Congress to declare war in 1812 Madison
“War Hawks” Henry Clay [KY] John C. Calhoun [SC]
American Problems QThe US was unprepared militarily: Had a 12-ship navy vs. Britain’s 800 ships. Americans disliked a draft preferred to enlist in the disorganized state militias. QFinancially unprepared: Flood of paper $. Revenue from import tariffs declined. QRegional disagreements.