2 The text’s authors believed that the Louisiana Purchase was “the most glorious achievement of Jefferson as president”. Do you agree? Why or why not?Assess the Jeffersonian presidency. What do you think were his three most important legacies? Explain your choices
3 Election of 1800BurrRepublican candidates: Jefferson & Aaron Burr
4 Election of 1800Tie vote Lame Duck Federalist House of Representatives36 ballots before Jefferson backed; Hamilton supported TJ over BurrLead to 12th Amendment (new rules for electing president and vice president)
5 The Finale of Federalists & Jefferson’s Restraint
6 Jefferson the ManWanted democratic society of small, independent farmersFavored limited government, popular education, protection of civil libertiesRevolution of 1800: triumph of common citizen over the aristocracy, peaceful transition to another party
7 Death of Federalists“halfway house between European past & American future”
8 Jefferson as President… Alien & Sedition acts expiredNaturalization law of 1802 – 5 yrsCongressional repeal of whisky taxCut back army & navyReplaced some Federalist officeholdersRepealed Judiciary Act of 1801 (eliminating Adams’Midnight Judges)
9 Jefferson as President… Mostly continued Hamilton’s financial programKept many federalists in officeContinued isolationist policyUsed lose interpretation of Constitution when it suited him…
10 John Marshall & Supreme Court Federalist who served 34 yearsMarbury v. Madison (1803) judicial review
15 1. Napoleonic Wars 1806 Berlin Decrees [“Continental System”] 1806 Britain issued the “Orders in Council.”1807 Milan Decrees Britain impressed over ,000 American sailors.
16 Napoleonic Wars: GB v. France Britain & France blockade each otherAmerican ships make profits running blockadesBritish impress American sailors
17 Napoleonic Wars: GB v. France Chesapeake-Leopard Affair (1807)
18 2. Chesapeake-Leopard “Affair” June 21, 1807.Br. Captain fired on the USS Chesapeake.3 dead, 18 wounded.Br. Foreign Office said it was a mistake.Jefferson’s Response:Forbade Br. ships to dock in American ports.Ordered state governors to call up as much as 100,000 militiamen.
20 Embargo Act (1807-1809) No US trade w/ foreign countries Little effect on GB & FranceFederalists, South, & West opposeNon-Intercourse Act repeals, but continues no trade w/ GB, France
21 Madison & Drift to WarJames Madison succeeds Jefferson
22 4. The Non-Intercourse Act (1809) Replaced the Embargo Act.Remained U. S. policy until 1812.Unexpected Consequences:N. Eng. was forced to become self-sufficient again [old factories reopened].Laid the groundwork for US industrial power.Jefferson, a critic of an industrial America, ironically contributed to Hamilton’s view of the US!!!Macon Bill No. 2: Madison dupe of Napoleon
23 5. Br. Instigation of Indians British General Brock Meets with Tecumseh
24 Madison & Drift to WarSouthern & Western War Hawks, demand war against Britain, SpainLeaders: John C. Calhoun (SC) and Henry Clay (KY)Madison asks Congress to declare war in 1812Madison
28 American Problems The US was unprepared militarily: Had a 12-ship navy vs. Britain’s 800 ships.Americans disliked a draft preferred to enlist in the disorganized state militias.Financially unprepared:Flood of paper $.Revenue from import tariffs declined.Regional disagreements.