Presentation on theme: "The Stonewall Riots New York City, June 27-29, 1969."— Presentation transcript:
1 The Stonewall RiotsNew York City, June 27-29, 1969
2 The 1960’sAge of Experimentation in Sexual Areas, Psychology, Psychiatry… All the rules were off in the 60’s… Freedom… but not for gay men and lesbians.
3 The 1960’s & HomosexualityIn most cities, it was illegal to be a homosexual.Homosexuals that were “caught” would endure public humiliation.Homosexuals were often hospitalized and treated with shock therapy.
4 Public Service Announcements Scared Straight TacticsMike Wallace CBS News “The Homosexuals” (1966)
5 DO NOWHow did you feel after watching the video? Remember your viewpoint does not have to be shared with the class.
6 Civil Rights Weren’t For Homosexuals New York had an 1845 Statute that made it a crime to masquerade.Being in “drag” was a crimeA person must be in 3 articles of clothing of their gender or could be arrested—socks did not count!
7 1960’s & Political Upheaval President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963.Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in 1968.The Black Panther’s Party in Oakland was advocating armed self-defense against police brutality.Race riots in Watt’s, CA (1965); Detriot, MI (1967); & Newark, NJ (1967).Vietnam War protesters rioted in Chicago outside the Democratic Nation Convention in 1968.
8 Homophile Organizations Before Stonewall Riots Daughters of Bilitis (1955)Founded by 8 women in San FranciscoMattachine Society of New York (1951)Founded by Harry Hay
9 New York Before Stonewall Riots Police would use many different tactics to “catch” and arrest homosexuals.In New York alone 500 people per year were arrested for ‘crimes against nature’. Approximately 3,000 to 5,000 arrests were made for various solicitation and loitering crimes.New York State Liquor Authority made it nearly impossible for any bar to get a liquor license that would serve homosexuals.
10 The Stonewall Inn Located in Greenwich Village, downtown New York. Patrons were primarily to gay men and “drag queens”Owned and operated by the mafia
11 Summer of 1969New York City was amidst a re-election year for its current mayor.Increase in raidsPolice resume “entrapment” tacticsVigilantes began coordinating attacks
12 The Perfect StormAt 1:20 a.m. on June 29, 1969, 4 police officers in dark suits, 2 patrol officers in uniform, 1 detective (Charles Smith) and 1 deputy (Seymore Pine) entered the Stonewall Inn.4 undercover officers were already inside gathering information.It was the 2nd raid that week.
13 The Last Straw Some say… “it was the heat of the night” “it was spontaneous”“it was a collective feeling”“we weren’t going away, and we didn’t”
16 Stonewall Liberation Gay Liberation Front Gay Activists Alliance June 28, 1970—1st Gay Rights March in New York City3 Newspapers were est. to promote rights for gays and lesbians40 Years after Stonewall Riots
17 “The true legacy of the Stonewall Riots is the ongoing struggle for gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender equality.” David Carter
18 POST-STONEWALLFirst Gay Liberation Day March held in New York City, First Gay Freedom Day March held in Los Angeles, first Gay-in held in San FranciscoSweden becomes first country in the world to allow transgendered people to legally change their sex, and provides free hormone therapy. Norway decriminalizes homosexualityAnn Arbor, Michigan becomes first city in United States to pass gay rights ordinanceThe American Psychiatric Association removes homosexuality from its DSM-II Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, based largely on the research and advocacy of Evelyn Hooker
19 POST-STONEWALLHarvey Milk is elected city-county supervisor in San Francisco, becoming the third out American elected to public officeDade County, Florida enacts a Human Rights Ordinance; it is repealed the same year after a militant anti-gay-rights campaign led by Anita BryantThe first Gay Pride Flag is flown in San FranciscoSan Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk and Mayor George Moscone are assassinated by former San Francisco Supervisor Dan White.First national gay rights march on Washington, DCThe Democratic National Convention becomes the first major political party in America to endorse a gay rights platform plank.
20 Harvey Bernard MilkHarvey Milk won a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors and is responsible for introducing a gay rights ordinance protecting gays and lesbians from being fired from their jobs. Milk also leads a successful campaign against Proposition 6, an initiative forbidding homosexual teachers.A year later, on November 27, 1978, former city supervisor Dan White assassinates Milk. White's actions are motivated by jealousy and depression, rather than homophobia.