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The Stonewall Riots New York City, June 27-29, 1969.

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Presentation on theme: "The Stonewall Riots New York City, June 27-29, 1969."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Stonewall Riots New York City, June 27-29, 1969

2 The 1960’s Age of Experimentation in Sexual Areas, Psychology, Psychiatry… All the rules were off in the 60’s… Freedom… but not for gay men and lesbians.

3 The 1960’s & Homosexuality  In most cities, it was illegal to be a homosexual.  Homosexuals that were “caught” would endure public humiliation.  Homosexuals were often hospitalized and treated with shock therapy.

4 Public Service Announcements  Scared Straight Tactics ccuRXs  Mike Wallace CBS News “The Homosexuals” (1966) AXAOT_swIE&feature=related

5 DO NOW How did you feel after watching the video? Remember your viewpoint does not have to be shared with the class.

6 Civil Rights Weren’t For Homosexuals  New York had an 1845 Statute that made it a crime to masquerade.  Being in “drag” was a crime  A person must be in 3 articles of clothing of their gender or could be arrested—socks did not count!

7 1960’s & Political Upheaval  President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963.  Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in 1968.  The Black Panther’s Party in Oakland was advocating armed self-defense against police brutality.  Race riots in Watt’s, CA (1965); Detriot, MI (1967); & Newark, NJ (1967).  Vietnam War protesters rioted in Chicago outside the Democratic Nation Convention in 1968.

8 Homophile Organizations Before Stonewall Riots  Daughters of Bilitis (1955)  Founded by 8 women in San Francisco  Mattachine Society of New York (1951)  Founded by Harry Hay

9 New York Before Stonewall Riots  Police would use many different tactics to “catch” and arrest homosexuals.  In New York alone 500 people per year were arrested for ‘crimes against nature’. Approximately 3,000 to 5,000 arrests were made for various solicitation and loitering crimes.  New York State Liquor Authority made it nearly impossible for any bar to get a liquor license that would serve homosexuals.

10 The Stonewall Inn  Located in Greenwich Village, downtown New York.  Patrons were primarily to gay men and “drag queens”  Owned and operated by the mafia

11 Summer of 1969  New York City was amidst a re-election year for its current mayor.  Increase in raids  Police resume “entrapment” tactics  Vigilantes began coordinating attacks

12 The Perfect Storm  At 1:20 a.m. on June 29, 1969, 4 police officers in dark suits, 2 patrol officers in uniform, 1 detective (Charles Smith) and 1 deputy (Seymore Pine) entered the Stonewall Inn.  4 undercover officers were already inside gathering information.  It was the 2 nd raid that week.

13 The Last Straw  Some say… “it was the heat of the night” “it was spontaneous” “it was a collective feeling” “we weren’t going away, and we didn’t”

14 The Riot Begins

15 “Gay Power”

16 Stonewall Liberation  Gay Liberation Front  Gay Activists Alliance  June 28, 1970—1 st Gay Rights March in New York City  3 Newspapers were est. to promote rights for gays and lesbians  40 Years after Stonewall Riots related

17 “The true legacy of the Stonewall Riots is the ongoing struggle for gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender equality.” David Carter

18 POST-STONEWALL 1970 - First Gay Liberation Day March held in New York City, First Gay Freedom Day March held in Los Angeles, first Gay-in held in San Francisco 1972 - Sweden becomes first country in the world to allow transgendered people to legally change their sex, and provides free hormone therapy. Norway decriminalizes homosexuality 1972 - Ann Arbor, Michigan becomes first city in United States to pass gay rights ordinance 1973 - The American Psychiatric Association removes homosexuality from its DSM-II Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, based largely on the research and advocacy of Evelyn Hooker

19 POST-STONEWALL 1977 - Harvey Milk is elected city-county supervisor in San Francisco, becoming the third out American elected to public office 1977 - Dade County, Florida enacts a Human Rights Ordinance; it is repealed the same year after a militant anti-gay-rights campaign led by Anita Bryant 1978 - The first Gay Pride Flag is flown in San Francisco 1978 - San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk and Mayor George Moscone are assassinated by former San Francisco Supervisor Dan White. 1979 - First national gay rights march on Washington, DC 1980 - The Democratic National Convention becomes the first major political party in America to endorse a gay rights platform plank.

20 Harvey Bernard Milk Harvey Milk won a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors and is responsible for introducing a gay rights ordinance protecting gays and lesbians from being fired from their jobs. Milk also leads a successful campaign against Proposition 6, an initiative forbidding homosexual teachers. A year later, on November 27, 1978, former city supervisor Dan White assassinates Milk. White's actions are motivated by jealousy and depression, rather than homophobia.

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