Presentation on theme: "Armenia and Multistakeholder Model of Internet Governance Dr. Grigori Saghyan, ISOC AM Vice-President Lianna Galstyan, ISOC AM Board Member Lianna Galstyan,"— Presentation transcript:
Armenia and Multistakeholder Model of Internet Governance Dr. Grigori Saghyan, ISOC AM Vice-President Lianna Galstyan, ISOC AM Board Member Lianna Galstyan, ISOC AM Board Member
WCIT 2012 conference - Armenia against the transfer of some Internet Related Issues control to ITU. Alternative for local Internet Governance - to create a local Permanent Internet Governance Committee with stakeholders of Government Private Sector NGOs Technical Community/Academia Proposed IGF Model of Armenia
Proposal agreed with - NGOs, Business, Academia. Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC) agreed this with all Governmental bodies and the office of the President of RA. MTC presented proposal to the Government for ratification. Waiting for it to be approved. Proposed IGF Model of Armenia
The core idea is the permanent function of this body. The suggested members : The Ministry of Transport and Communications The Ministry of Foreign Affairs The National Academy of Sciences The Radio and TV commission The Internet Society The Association of Mass Media The Union of Employers The Union of IT Enterprises A representative from the office of Ombudsman. Proposed IGF Model of Armenia
The status of this body will be inter-department commission. Head will be the Minister of Transport and Communications. Secretariat is planned to be the Internet Society of Armenia which will provide a full transparency. Proposed IGF Model of Armenia
The proposed IG principles are as follows : Providing people with Internet access The system of Domain Names Support of DNSSEC distribution IPv6 Distribution Human Rights Protection in Internet Privacy protection and Identification Innovations Proposed IGF Model of Armenia
Protection of Intellectual Property Support of Information dissemination on the basis of open license Establishment of local Exchange Centers of Internet traffic Traffic routing Security Open standards Child Online Protection Support. հայ IDN registration and Armenian content Network neutrality Proposed IGF Model of Armenia
Network Neutrality details All computer ports and internet protocols are open. Any information source and destination with any content in internet is transparently accessible. Proposed IGF Model of Armenia
No filtering, except for the following cases: - Law requirement or Court decision - end-user consent - ensuring the robustness and integrity of the operator's network with the mandatory end-user notice - preventing the overloading of operator's network, all protocols necessarily considered as equal - protecting users from virus or hacker activity, DDoS attacks, protecting against cyber crime in exceptional circumstances apply traffic filtering. Proposed IGF Model of Armenia
March 14, NTIA announced its intent to transition key Internet domain name functions to the global multistakeholder community. Transition proposal must have broad community support and address the following four principles : Support and enhance the multistakeholder model; Maintain the security, stability, and resiliency of the Internet DNS; Meet the needs and expectation of the global customers and partners of the IANA services; Maintain the openness of the Internet. Certain Facts - NTIA Announcement
NTIA will not accept a proposal that replaces the NTIA role with a government-led or an inter-governmental organization solution. Is it realistic to create or modify an existing international authoritative structure or NTIA tries to identify the real candidates able to carry out the IANA stewardship? We’ll see it in Certain Facts - NTIA Announcement
IANA transition - ICANN ICANN formally is a US Corporation though its Global Hubs and At-Large Structures work to assign a global structure image. ALSs can be more than one within a country. Multistakeholderism is provided by GAC representation..
IANA transition - ISOC ISOC formally is a US registered organization. ISOC Chapters have ambivalent status - some of them are independent local NGOs, others are ISOC affiliated structures. ISOC may have more than one Chapter in a country, which creates a country representation problem. ISOC Chapters being an US subsidiary can be considered as a foreign agent in some countries. No direct Government inclusion in ISOC as a part of Multistakeholder model.
IANA transition - ITU ITU is an Inter-Governmental Organization, founded on a Multi-Lateral Agreement basis. Each of 194 countries has 1 vote. Sector Members have no direct influence on voting procedure. UN itself is also an Inter-Governmental Structure.
IGF is the closest to the multistakeholder model but it has no clear organizational structure, it is not a permanent body and is managed by the UN. The proposed solution may be either the re-structuring of the existing organizations or the creation of a new body. IANA transition - IGF
Our suggestion is to create local permanent IGF body in all countries and with their participation to establish an association of independent local IGFs. Red cross is a good example of such association. In order to preserve the control of decision-making process, some developed countries may have a right of veto. UN Security Council is an example of such right. Proposed IGF Model of Armenia for Global Solution
Thank You! Dr. Grigori Saghyan – ISOC AM Vice-President, Lianna Galstyan - ISOC AM Board Member,