Presentation on theme: "The role of Clusters in Innovation and Collaboration Reunion Ultra-peripheral Regions Conference 14 – 17 September 2011 Dep. of Economic Development: Western."— Presentation transcript:
The role of Clusters in Innovation and Collaboration Reunion Ultra-peripheral Regions Conference 14 – 17 September 2011 Dep. of Economic Development: Western Cape Government
Cluster-based Economic Development A mainstream strategy in 75+ countries Positive link between cluster development &: Productivity Competitiveness Job creation SME growth Innovation Export development
Clustering - The pay-offs Creating trust, linkages between firms/ academia – Facilitates specialisation – Builds critical mass Creating a commercial magnet: – Attracts customers, new investment, new skills, specialised infrastructure… Alignment of public & private investments – Key university role Building an ‘innovation environment’
SOME BACKGROUND TO THE WESTERN CAPE CLUSTER PROGRAMME:
The Western Cape Population 5 million Cape Town – 4 million GGP – Euro 30 billion 4 Universities/ Strong research culture A diverse economy, backed by a strong agricultural base, with a deep manufacturing base, and strong financial and tourism sector. French Huguenot culture still prevalent
History of Cluster Programme in the Western Cape DTI’s cluster roadshows in 1996 First cluster launched in 1998 2004 – Recognition & Budget to the Special Purpose Vehicle - SPV Program 2011 – 17 Initiatives, Euro 8m annual budget
Cape Clothing Cluster Cape Clothing Cluster WC Fine Food Initiative WC Fine Food Initiative CCDI (Craft) CCDI (Craft) WC Furniture Initiative WC Furniture Initiative Cape Film Commission Cape Film Commission WC Tooling Initiative WC Tooling Initiative CTBi (Boatbuilding) CTBi (Boatbuilding) SA Wine and Brandy Trust SA Wine and Brandy Trust CIMM (New materials) CIMM (New materials) Electronics CT Fashion Council CT Fashion Council Clotex (CMT’s) Clotex (CMT’s) Cape IT Initiative Cape IT Initiative Financial Services Financial Services WC Aqua Culture Initiat WC Aqua Culture Initiat Environmental Goods & Services Environmental Goods & Services Cape Bio-tech Trust Cape Bio-tech Trust Prof. Bus. Services Prof. Bus. Services Established Clusters Emerging Clusters SAOGA (Oil and Gas supply) SAOGA (Oil and Gas supply) Auto- componants Auto- componants GreenCape Initiative GreenCape Initiative Cape Ship Repair Cape Ship Repair Calling the Cape Calling the Cape Clusters with potential Western Cape - Industry Cluster Portfolio Cape Music Initiative Cape Music Initiative
Nature of Cape Clusters Average 5 staff per SPV Not-for profit companies Public/ private sector funded Open membership Representative boards (majority industry + reps from academic & research institutions / government) CEO’s – industry specialists
Achievements: 17 SPV’s Euro 8million funding 50% from government/ 50% outside 3000 companies participate All 4 universities involved
Role of Clusters 10 key functions The Cluster Initiative Collaboration Innovation Support Productivity Interventions Building Institutions Understanding industry Skills & Training Institution Building Business Development FDI/Trade Promotion Debottlenecking Problems
The challenges of Innovation Science driven – may not be what the market wants Path lock-in/ dependency Scientists can be poor entrepreneurs Protective/ defensive/ untrusting Length of time to commercialise (particularly Bio-tech) Funding can be uncertain/ erratic (FFF)
Role of Clusters in supporting Innovation – A neutral player! Breaking down the barriers of mistrust Linking new ideas / sources of innovation to industry/academia – tech transfer Facilitating access to R&D grants/ Framework funding Facilitating IP protection Assisting in commercialisation of IP and new start-ups NB of success stories – Changing mindset
Innovation Systems thinking Address question of how to improve the functioning of the system as a whole. Look at sectoral innovation systems and how to improve them Innovation systems at the edge/ Open innovation How to get scientists to interact with industry and visa-versa. The Cluster IS the innovation system?
Role of Clusters in Collaboration Ubiquity of knowledge – tacit knowledge increasingly important Encouraging co-operation between firms Building of social capital – bringing firms, government, academia/ research together. Hub for distribution of information/ providing connections Eg – Boom room; Listening Lunches; Bio-Buzz Events, Food-Tec conference
International Collaboration Increasingly globalised, specialised world South Africa like Reunion – somewhat isolated from major trade routes To survive, need to identify competitiven advantages, specialise and innovate Deepen collaboration in key technologies to achieve critical mass
WC/ Reunion Co-operation Framed within EU/SA trade agreement Co-operation around bio-tech, food and aquaculture Joint research projects between Qualitropic, CPUT, ARC and PGWC Student exchanges Attendance at conferences Tech-transfer and sharing
Additional areas of potential co-operation Renewable energy – looking at appropriate techs for Africa Medical bio-technology – Knowledge sharing between CYROI and SA’s Accelerator centre Plant bio-technology – medicinal plants
Don’t allow paralysis by analysis Businesses, especially SMEs, seek early pay-offs Move quickly into action, identify the ‘low hanging fruit’; prioritise by passion Then engage in the more substantive issues Establish a portfolio of projects Move at the speed of business Analysis simply provides the platform for action
The clustering process: But what can go wrong? Capture by narrow interest groups; – Entry of new actors blocked Removed from private sector culture: – Unable to attract business leaders – Chasing white elephants – Focus on analysis, not action Ignoring emerging clusters Cluster definition too broad, or too narrow Confinement within political borders Inconsistent support from government agencies
To conclude: In our experience enhancing innovation and strengthening the innovation system in the long term can be strongly enhanced by cluster-type bodies, that act as a neutral player to bridge the gap between scientists and industry, and to assist in internationalising innovation and research.
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