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 Describing something by comparing it with something else  Language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words in order to create new effects or.

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Presentation on theme: " Describing something by comparing it with something else  Language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words in order to create new effects or."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Describing something by comparing it with something else  Language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words in order to create new effects or fresh insights into an idea or a subject  Common examples are simile, metaphor, and alliteration

3  A direct comparison between two unlike things, using the words “like” or “as”  Example: Kobe Bryant is as tall as a giraffe

4  A direct comparison between two unlike things, using the words like or as  Example: He was as brave as a lion Examples:

5  A comparison between two relatively unlike things that uses “IS”, “WAS”, or “ARE” to compare the two things  The comparison is NOT made by using like or as  Example: Their house was a prison

6  Example: The world is a stage

7  Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words  Used to create melody, draw attention to important words, and point out similarities and contrasts  Example: Wide-eyed and wondering while we wait for others to waken

8  Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words Example:

9  The use of words that mimic or imitate the sound they describe  Appeal to our sense of hearing and they help bring a description to life  Example: Caarackle! ‘Knock-Knock, Cuckoo, achoo, hiss, oink, bang

10 A word that imitates the sound it represents Examples: BVwwKTjlI UEgudQ

11  An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect  Not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point  Example: I’ve said that a million times.

12  Anything in literature that stands for or represents something else  Example: The sun symbolizes hope; the night symbolizes fear

13  The attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimate objects or abstract notions  Example: “The tree reached out its fragile fingers and touched the sky”.

14  A contrast or discrepancy between what is said and what is meant, or between what happens and what is expected to happen  Example: “An ambulance driver rushes to the scene of an accident, only to run the victim over”.

15  Involves description of one or more of your five senses (hearing, taste, touch, smell, sight)  When an author uses a word or phrase to stimulate your memory of those senses Example: “I lay still and took another minute to smell: I smelled the warm, sweet, all-pervasive smell of the sour, dirty laundry spilling over the basket in the hall. I could pick out the overwhelming smell of Claire’s sweaty feet, stale perfume, and her hair crusted with sand”.


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