8 LesionsPrimary lesion: Initial reaction to pathologically altered tissue that may be flat or elevated Secondary lesion: Result from the changes that take place in the primary lesion due to infection, scratching, trauma, or various stages of the disease.
9 HemorrhageContusion: Hemorrhage of any size, under the skin, in which the skin is not broken. AKA: A bruise.Petechia: Minute or small hemorrhagic spot on the skinEcchymosis: Discoloration on the skin consisting of large, irregularly formed hemorrhagic areas. The color is blue- black, changing in time to greenish brown or yellow; commonly called a bruiseHematoma: Elevated, localized collection of blood trapped under the skin, usually the result of trauma.
10 Eczema, psoriasis, hirsutism Eczema: Inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, itching and blisters Psoriasis: Chronic skin disease characterized by itchy red patches covered with silvery scales.
11 Hair growth or hair loss Hirsutism: Condition characterized by excessive growth of hair in unusual places. Alopecia: Absence or loss of hair.
12 Impetigo, Scabies, Tinea Impetigo: Inflammatory skin disease characterized by isolated pustules that become encrusted and ruptureScabies: Contagious disease transmitted by mitesTinea: Fungal infection, also called ringworm
13 BumpsVerruca: Rounded epidermal growths caused by viruses. AKA: Warts Uticaria: Allergic reaction characterized by pale-red elevated, itchy patches. Also called wheals or hives.
14 Zits and BlackheadsAcne: Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous follicles. May include comedos, papules and pustules. Comedos: discolored, dried sebum plugging up a excretory duct in the skin. AKA: A blackhead.
16 AbscessesAbscess: Localized collection of pus at the site of infection Furuncle: Abscess that originates in a hair follicle, also called a boil. Carbuncle: Cluster of furuncles in the subcutaneous tissue
17 Other Skin DisordersCyst: A closed sac or pouch in or under the skin that contains fluid, semifluid or solid material. Ulcer: Lesion of the skin marked by inflammation, necrosis, and sloughing of damaged tissue. Pressure ulcer: Ulceration caused by prolonged pressure, usually in one who is bedridden. Also called a bedsore or decubitus ulcer
18 Skin Cancers Melanoma: A black cancerous tumor of the skin Basal Cell Carcinoma: A type of skin cancer affecting the basal cell layer of the epidermis
19 Skin TreatmentBiopsy: Removal of a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination used to diagnose and treat disease. Skin test: Process of inoculating the skin with a small amount of allergen to detect sensitivity. Abrasion: Scraping or rubbing away of a surface, like the skin.
20 More TreatmentCryosurgery: Use of subfreezing temperature to destroy abnormal tissue and cells. Debridement: removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue to promote healing. Incision and drainage (I and D): Incision of a lesion, such as an abscess, followed by the drainage of its contents.
21 More TreatmentsSkin Resurfacing: Procedure for repairing damaged skin, acne scars, wrinkles or tattoos. May involve lasers, chemicals or abrasion. Chemical Peel: Use of chemicals to remove the outer layers of the skin. Dermabrasion: Skin treatment that uses abrasive materials like sandpaper or wire brushes.
22 Skin AbbreviationsAIDS: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome BCC: Basal Cell Carcinoma BX, bx: Biopsy FH: Family History FS: Frozen Section I&D: Incision and Drainage ID: Intradermal
23 More Skin Abbreviations IM: Intramuscular IMP: Impression, or diagnosis PE: Physical Examination Sub-Q, Subcu: Subcutaneous Ung: Ointment WBC: White blood cell XP: Xeroderma pigmentosum