6Not much improvement since 2001. Only 0.6% reduction per year. Trends in the prevalence of anaemia among under five children (Source: MRI 1973, 1996, 2001, DHS 2006 & MRI 2009, 2012)Renuka/SL/2014Not much improvement since Only 0.6% reduction per year.
7Trends in the prevalence of Anaemia in Sri Lanka (Source: Mudalige and Nestel, 1996, MRI-1970, 1989, 1998, 2001, 2009, 2012 & DHS 2006Reduction of anaemia in all age groups over 39 years. Still around 20% of the population has anaemia. When the prevalence of anaemia is >5% it will be considered as a public health problem by WHO.Renuka/SL/2014
8Millions of anaemic children, adolescent girls and women in Sri Lanka Iron is critical for the early development of a child because it improves learning ability, physical coordination, and emotional development. Irreversible damages.Renuka/SL/2014
9Prevalence of Anaemia in different sectors and age groups in Sri Lanka (Source: Medical Research Institute 1996, 2001, 2009)High in urban sector among children and high in plantation sector among adult femaleRenuka/SL/2014
10Prevalence of anaemia in children aged 6-59 months of age by District IN 2012 Renuka/SL/2014
11Anaemia in Women 15-49 years of age by Districts in 2009 Source- MRI 2009PercentageRenuka/SL/2014
12Causes of anaemia – 6-59 months children in 2012 Renuka/SL/2014
13Prevalence of Iron deficiency (serum ferritin <12µg) in children aged 6-59 months by District (n=5741)Renuka/SL/2014
14Causes of Anaemia in adults Population groupNoAnaemiaIDFree trade zone female garment workers in 200465244.7%66.6%Adult female (20-39 years) in central province in 200586327.7%41.4%Source: MRI 2004, 2005It estimates that major cause of anaemia is iron deficiencyRenuka/SL/2014
15Iron deficiency (serum ferritin <12µg) among children age 6-59 months, by wealth quintile (MRI 2012)Not much variation between wealth quintiles.Renuka/SL/2014
16Why Should Fighting Iron Deficiency Anemia be a National Priority? For each US $1 spent on an iron supplementation program for pregnant women, there is a US $24 return in increased lifelong wages and decreased disability,For each US $1 spent on iron fortification of food there is a US $84 return in increased productivity and decreased disability of the consumer,Work output in many occupations can increase 10 to 30% when workers are given iron supplementation,Prevention and treatment of iron deficiency and anemia can raise national productivity by 20%.