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Country Challenges and Achievements for Food Security & Nutrition Prepared for Scaling Up Nutrition Meeting August 2011 Cambodia Delegation.

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Presentation on theme: "Country Challenges and Achievements for Food Security & Nutrition Prepared for Scaling Up Nutrition Meeting August 2011 Cambodia Delegation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Country Challenges and Achievements for Food Security & Nutrition Prepared for Scaling Up Nutrition Meeting August 2011 Cambodia Delegation

2 Trends in U-5 Child Malnutrition from

3 Cambodia Millennium Development Goal Percentage of U-5 children underweight (weight-for-age < - 2 SD) CMDG 2015 Target=19% CMDG 2010 Target=24.5%

4 Past and Current Achievements in Coordination National Council for Nutrition established; National Plan of Action on Nutrition ( ) and Cambodia Nutrition Investment Plan developed ( ) Interministerial National Sub-Committee on Food Fortification, Provincial Nutrition Coordination Committees, Ministry of Health National Nutrition Program, and private sector Salt Producers Community (focusing on iodization) established Food Security and Nutrition Technical Working Group chaired by CARD (Council for Agricultural and Rural development) is one of 18 current official coordination bodies of the government Strategic Framework for Food Security and Nutrition, National Nutrition Strategy, and Social Protection Strategy (including nutrition) currently in-place

5 Achievements in the Health Sector Early initiation of breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding show great progress (CDHS 2010) Anaemia among children 6-59 months reduced from 62% in 2005 to 55% in 2010 and from 47% to 44% among women of reproductive age Coverage of IFA supplementation for pregnant women is over 85% Coverage of deworming and vitamin A supplementation for postpartum women and children climbing to above 50% (CDHS 2010)

6 Agricultural & Multisectoral Achievements Rice Paddy Production and Surplus, Increases in productivity and cultivated area has led to a surplus paddy of over 3.5 million tones Eight out of ten households consume iodized salt (CDHS 2010) Household dietary diversity is improving with a higher percentage of calories from animal sources, especially in urban areas. Protein consumption increased from 54.5 g/person/day in 2004 to 62.8 g/person/day in 2009 (CSES 2009) The poorest households are consuming 13% more calories (CSES 2009) and spending a lower percent of overall expenditure on food

7 Challenges for Current Priorities Integrate nutrition in national development strategy; provide more operational guidance for policy and strategy documents Sub-national coordination structures for nutrition are not currently active Some current programmes have not been adequately evaluated; improve national monitoring systems Increased agricultural productivity and economic growth is not sufficient for changing the diet of young children; improved feeding practices is needed

8 Emerging and Long-Term Challenges Comprehensive policy and legislation is lacking for food fortification Fluctuating food prices require different strategies, including nutrition-sensitive social safety nets, targeted to most vulnerable (net food buyers, urban poor) Unclear future financial support to scale up interventions; link investment now with economic cost of malnutrition on development Postgraduate degrees in agriculture are available in-country, but still lacking for nutrition


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