Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide 25.1 Chapter 25 Bad debts, allowances.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide 25.1 Chapter 25 Bad debts, allowances."— Presentation transcript:

1 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide 25.1 Chapter 25 Bad debts, allowances for doubtful debts, and provisions for discounts on accounts receivable

2 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide 25.2 Learning objectives After you have studied this chapter, you should be able to:  Explain and show how bad debts are written-off  Explain why allowances for doubtful debts are made  Make the necessary entries to record an allowance for doubtful debts in the books

3 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide 25.3 Learning objectives (Continued)  Calculate and make provisions for discounts on accounts receivable  Make all the entries in the income statement and statement of financial position for bad debts, allowances for doubtful debts and provisions for cash discount

4 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide 25.4 Bad debts  Many businesses sell on credit and there is therefore a risk that some customers will not pay for their goods and become a bad debt.  When a debt is considered bad, the asset shown in the debtor’s account is worthless and so eliminated.  Bad debts are considered a business expense and are charged to the income statement as an expense.

5 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide 25.5 Recording a bad debt  Credit the debtor’s account to remove the debt.  Debit the bad debt account to increase the expense.

6 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide 25.6 Recording a bad debt (Continued)

7 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide 25.7 Allowance for doubtful debts  It is likely that some debts held by the business will prove to be bad debts.  The prudence concept says that this possibility needs to be provided for in the current period.  Therefore an allowance needs to be made in the current period for debts that might be bad by:debiting the p+l account with the allowance Crediting the allowance for doubtful debts account.

8 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide 25.8 Creating an allowance for doubtful debts

9 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide 25.9 Increasing the allowance To increase the allowance:  Debit the profit and loss account with the increase in the allowance.  Credit the allowance for doubtful debts account.

10 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide Increasing the allowance (Continued)

11 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide Reducing the allowance To reduce the allowance:  Debit the allowance for doubtful debts account.  Credit the profit and loss account.

12 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide Reducing the allowance (Continued)

13 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide Provisions for cash discounts on accounts receivable  Some businesses create provisions for cash discounts to be allowed on the accounts receivable outstanding at year end.  It is argued that the cost of discounts should be charged in the period when the sales were made.  The procedure used is similar to that used for the allowance for doubtful debts.

14 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide How to record provisions for cash discounts

15 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide Learning outcomes You should have now learnt: 1. That debts we are unable to collect are called bad debts 2. That bad debts are credited to the customer’s account (to cancel them) and debited to a bad debts account

16 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide Learning outcomes (Continued) 3. That allowances for doubtful debts are needed, otherwise the value of the accounts receivable in the statement of financial position will show too high a value, and could mislead anyone looking at the statement of financial position. Also, making a provision of this type allows for more accurate calculation of profits and losses

17 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide Learning outcomes (Continued) 4. That the allowance for doubtful debts is calculated after bad debts have been deducted from the debtor balances 5. That the amount of the allowance for doubtful debts is based on the best estimate that can be made taking all the facts into account 6. That an increase in the allowance for doubtful debts will create a debit entry in the profit and loss account

18 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide Learning outcomes (Continued) 7. That a reduction in the allowance for doubtful debts will create a credit entry in the profit and loss account 8. That the allowance for doubtful debts is shown as a deduction from accounts receivable in the statement of financial position 9. That provisions for cash discounts are made in the same way as provisions for doubtful debts

19 Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide Learning outcomes (Continued) 10.How to record bad debts, allowances for doubtful debts and provisions for cash discounts in the accounting books and in the income statement and statement of financial position


Download ppt "Frank Wood and Alan Sangster, Frank Wood’s Business Accounting 1, 12 th Edition, © Pearson Education Limited 2012 Slide 25.1 Chapter 25 Bad debts, allowances."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google