Presentation on theme: "Lesson 1: Rise of the Nazi Party"— Presentation transcript:
1Lesson 1: Rise of the Nazi Party Canadian History
2Key words and Terms Treaty of Versailles Hyperinflation Fascists Nazis FuhrerCivil Liberties
3The Treaty of Versailles When WWI ended, it was called the “war to end all wars”The treaty of Versailles officially ended the war and was meant to punish Germany and to make sure Germany was not a threat anymore
4Terms of the TreatyThere were many parts to the treaty, but the following terms were the most controversial:Germany had to reduce its military to menGermany was not allowed to have a navyGer. was not allowed submarines, aircraft, or heavy artillery.Germany had to pay 5 billion in reparationsWar Guilt Clause Germany agreed to take all the blame for the war (losses and damages)
5All the powers met at Versailles Palace in France to sign the famous treaty in 1919 This is why the treaty is called the Treaty of Versailles
7What happened after the war? Every country in Europe was in bad shapeGermany was in ruins because of the burdens imposed by the TreatyWorst of all was the debt Germany had to payThe newly elected German parliament could not agree on a way to help Germany survive
8The governments that came in the 20s in Germany tried to pay back the debts. But they did not have enough money so they did two things:1.Borrowed money from the USA and promised to pay this back (Dawes Plan)2. They printed more German marks and used the marks to buy US dollars to pay off the loans and reparations
9Woman feeding her tiled stove with banknotes Stacks of German Marks, which were practically worthless due to hyperinflation
10HyperinflationMore German marks (like dollars) went into circulation which made them worthlessBusinesses demanded more marks for their productsWorkers wanted more for labourPeople would take bags or wheelbarrows full of money to buy productsThe German mark became worthless on the world market and it was difficult to purchase foreign goods.
11This woman is using paper money to light her stove in 1923 What does this tell you about the value of the Germany money at this time?
12Which year had the most rapid rise in prices? Price of a loaf of breadYearPrice19190.261923 (jan)700.0019201.201923 (may)19211.351923 (Sept)19223.501923 (Nov)80, 000, 000,Which year had the most rapid rise in prices?
13Rise of the NazisThe German people were destroyed, humiliated and in desperate need of changeExtreme parties began to become popular because they offered a clear messageAmong these parties were the NazisThey promised to help the economy but they were also racist
14Desperate, the people of Germany clung to the promises made by the Nazis and their leader, Adolf HitlerThe word ‘Nazi’ is a shortened version of the first word in the party’s German name—NazionalistischeWhich means ‘national’Adolf Hitler
15What do you know about Hitler? Use the KWL chart to record any information you already know. Write things you would like to know about him in the second column. As we go through the lesson and our readings, look for answers to your questions.
16Adolf Hitler Der Furher During World War I; Hitler, who was born in Austria, served in the German army as a dispatch runner.After the war, he was a member of a special army instructional unit created to combat socialist and democratic propaganda.By 1920, Hitler was the leader of a small political party called the National Socialist German Worker’s Party.
17Hitler’s Promises Hitler used people’s struggles and bitterness He told the people he had a plan to make Germany a great nation againHe promised to do the following:Stop paying the reparations to other nationsInvest in German industries to create growthEnd unemploymentBuild Germany’s military
19Hitler was a very talented and effective speaker, who appealed to people’s emotions more than their intellect.
20Nazis rise to power The Nazis became a very popular group in Germany In 1933, they won a plurality—they had more seats than any other party in in the electionOther parties were not organized to form an alliance against the NazisAdolf Hitler became Chancellor
21Hitler the dictatorWhen he became Chancellor, Hitler asked parliament for special powers to help deal with the enemies of Germany.once they granted him these powers, Hitler abolished parliament and became the dictator (the Fuhrer) and his word was lawHitler successfully took control of all of Germany
22Opposition?Anyone who opposed Hitler would be imprisoned, tortured or murderedHe began to reduce people’s civil libertiesTrade unions were bannedNewspapers had to support Nazi policiesTeachers had to tell their classes about how great Hitler wasAll books had to conform to Nazi views