Presentation on theme: "“Migration & Community Building” www.hillsboro_museums.com/images/early_threshing_1890s-4.jpg."— Presentation transcript:
“Migration & Community Building” www.hillsboro_museums.com/images/early_threshing_1890s-4.jpg
Migration Migration is people moving from one place to another. How many of you have moved before? –It may have been house to house, one town to another or maybe a new state.
Push-Pull & Counter-stream What may have “pushed” people (including yourselves) to move from one place to another? Often people migrate (move) because some difficulties “push” them to leave. At the same time the hope for a better life “pulls” people to a new country or region. Has anyone ever moved back to a place you once left?
That's Counter-stream Counter-stream is when people leave a country or a region and then come back. What are some instances that you can think of where people left an area only to return? Discuss these ideas of push, pull and counter- stream with a partner. Then read together pages 67-71 on “Migration.”
Assignment Each of you will need to have completed an “entrance ticket” to get into class tomorrow describing what push, pull and counter- stream mean to you.
Ethnic Groups What are ethnic groups? What ethnic groups make up the residents of Black River Falls? How did these groups get here? Do you know your ethnicity?
Reasons Ethnic Groups Came Obviously our community has a rich history of the Ho-Chunk nation living here. Ethnic Europeans came to this region early on for the fur-trade. In the 19 th century people came for what the land offered them.........farming and lumbering.
Wisconsin’s Past and Present: A Historical Atlas by the Wisconsin Cartographers’ Guild (1998) Wisconsin ethnic groups What does this map show of ethnic patterns in our county? What is it not showing?
The Cut-over Cut-over? What is that? Northern Wisconsin land that was cleared by loggers. Farming was then tried on “worthless” stump filled land. What takes place in this region now? Image ID: 10565 Collection Name: Hand-Book for the Homeseeker Website: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/whi/fullRecord.asp?id=10565&qstring Image ID: 3724 Collection Name: Website: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/whi/full Record.asp?id=3724&qstring
Farming built Community Jackson County, as well as much of Wisconsin, was a farming community. With the technologies of the 1800s, for all the work to get done on all the farms, people came together to help one another out. Husking and threshing in particular were events where people worked together. Coming together to help.... build community! What is the common feature of the following pictures?
Husking in 1903 Threshing in Black River Falls, 1897 www.wisconsinhistory.org Image ID: 28955 Collection Name: Charles Van Schaick: Photographs and Negatives, ca. 1880-ca. 1940 Website: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/whi/fullRecord.asp?id=28955 Image ID: 1896 Collection Name: Krueger Collection Website: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/whi/fullRecord.as p?id=1896
House and Barn Raisings “The gathering took on the ‘character of a festival, for during the work stories had been told, adventures related, and everybody served with food and refreshments, which, in all, makes a house raising an “institution” among pioneers in America, much heralded, cheerfully attended, and long remembered by the participants’.” quote from “Social Life in Wisconsin” by Lillian Krueger Image ID: 32219 Collection Name: Place File Website: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/whi/fullR ecord.asp?id=32219&qstring
Husking and Shredding, 1919 Threshing in Cassville, 1905 www.wisconsinhistory.org Image ID: 31816 Collection Name: Frank W. Feiker Photographs: 1910-1950 Website: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/whi/fullRecord.asp?id=31 816&qstring Image ID: 23682 Collection Name: McCormick-International Harvester Website: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/whi/fullRecor d.asp?id=23682&qstring
The common thread between them all? People working together. Coming together = Community What happens as time moves on?
Independence Day Celebrations http://www.riverfestlacrosse.com/ Through Festivals! Festivals begin to become the way to keep community alive. Image ID: Collection Name: Website:
La Crosse Winter Festival (1922) Image from William J. Fitzpatrick’s book Official Souvenir View Book Out-Door Winter Carnival, Lacrosse, Wisconsin, January 25-28, 1922 Website: http://murphylibrary.uwlax.edu/digital/lacrosse/LaxWinterCa rnival/00090008.htm
The Winter Festival becomes Oktoberfest in the 1960s http://www.oktoberfestusa.com /
Celebrating the End of World War I in West Salem 1923 Dairy Parade in West Salem From Leonard’s Dream by Errol Kindschy (1981)
Centennial Celebrations From Leonard’s Dream by Errol Kindschy (1981)
Birth of Community Festivals TownFestivalInaugural Event La Crescent, MNApplefest1949 La CrosseOktoberfest1961 WestbySyttende Mai1969 WarrensCranfest1972 West SalemJune Dairy Days1974 SpartaButterfest1984
Festivals from around our area. The festivals around our area are our way of bringing back community and preserving our history. The two forms of history they preserve are.... 1. Ethnic preservation 2. Agricultural preservation Enjoy the pictures of some of these celebrations and determine if they are ethnic or agricultural in nature
Postmodern Community: “Festivals in Rural Towns” Heritage is still emphasized in many large and small communities.
More festivals and other ways to keep community alive Involvement by groups such as the Lions Club, 4-H, Ladies Aide, Scouts, etc. help to keep the sense of community alive. Website: http://www.ruralexperiences.com/ RS/images/Whitehall%20.1.JPG
Syttende Mai in Westby http://www.westbywi.com/Syttende%20Mai.html
CranFest in Warrens Sparta Butter Fest http://www.cranfest.com/ www.spartabutterfest.com
Arcadia Broiler Days Eleva Broiler Days http://www.trempealeaucountytours.com/ arcadia_broiler_dairy_days.htm http://www.trempealeaucountytours.com/ele va_broiler_days.htm
Hillsboro “Cesky Den Festival” Czech Heritage Festival www.ceskyden.com
Viroqua Wild West Days www.viroqua-wisconsin.com/attractions/
Tomah Super National Truck and Tractor Pull http://www.tomahtractorpull.com/
117 th La Crosse Inter-State Fair www.lacrossetribune.com
Alma– Music & Arts Festival Independence– Independence Days Whitehall– Beef & Dairy Days Blair– Cheese Fest Bangor– Fun Days West Salem– Garland Days La Crosse– Deke Slayton AirFest, RiverFest, Winter Rec Fest Onalaska– Sunfish Days Holmen– Corn Fest Cashton– July 4 th Leon– Gator Days Ettrick– Fun Days Galesville– Apple Affair Pigeon Falls– Memorial Celebration Trempealeau– Catfish Days
Celebrations still continue to unite community members. Norske Nook Restaurant in Osseo. Whether Norwegian, Polish, Native American, Old Stock American… the importance of community is still alive in the large and small communities of Western Wisconsin.
Show what you know! Project Choices 1. Show a festival. Explain the festival’s origin. Does it show a community’s ethnicity, its agricultural history, or is it an economically motivated festival? Explain how it builds community. a. This project will be presented in a minimum 5 slide PowerPoint.
Show what you know! Project Choices 2. Bring in an artifact that shows your own ethnicity. a. Write a one page description of its personal meaning to you and your family. Also, show how it is used to show your ethnicity. b. You will give a two minute presentation of your artifact. Note: You will NOT read your description during presentation. It can be used as a guide.
Show what you know! Project Choices 3. Develop a poster showing a minimum of 3 aspects of your ethnicity. This poster must be visual...NOT A REPORT! It must be no smaller than a sheet of large construction paper. a. You may draw the pictures, cut out pictures from a magazine, download pictures, (Check w/ Ms. Sankey before printing any pictures.) b. It may be a collage. c. Check w/ me if ?'s on what you can do.
Show what you know! Project Choices 4. Develop a poster showing how you or how your community of BRF builds community. a. Once again, same requirements as the other poster choice. b. Minimum of 3 aspects of how community is built.
Show what you know! Project Choices 5. Research the area known as the cut-over. Describe its history; show its present. a. This project must be approved by me before beginning. b. We will discuss the format in which you will present your work. GOOD LUCK AND GET TO WORK!
PowerPoint Lesson Prepared by: Mr. Dutton 7 th Grade Social Studies Black River Falls Middle School