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Kingdom Plantae Land Plants Mr. Skirbst Life Science Topic 14
Requirements Land plants need to …
Requirements Land plants need to … 1.Provide support (so they don’t collapse)
Requirements Land plants need to … 1.Provide support 2.Obtain water + minerals
Requirements Land plants need to … 1.Provide support 2.Obtain water + minerals 3.Transport materials (food, water + minerals)
Requirements Land plants need to … 1.Provide support 2.Obtain water + minerals 3.Transport materials 4.Prevent water loss
Requirements Land plants need to … 1.Provide support 2.Obtain water + minerals 3.Transport materials 4.Prevent water loss 5.Get sperm & egg together!
Kinds of Land Plants 1. Non-vascular (primitive)
Kinds of Land Plants Non-vascular (primitive) -Simple structures
Kinds of Land Plants Non-vascular (primitive) -Simple structures -Must live in moist areas
Kinds of Land Plants Non-vascular (primitive) -Simple structures -Must live in moist areas -Absorb water through all body parts
Kinds of Land Plants Non-vascular (primitive) Ex. Mosses, liverworts, hornworts
Kinds of Land Plants Non-vascular (primitive) Ex. Mosses, liverworts, hornworts Human uses: used for fuel (burning) & diapers (primitive cultures)
Kinds of Land Plants 2. Vascular
Kinds of Land Plants 2. Vascular - land plant with vascular tissue
Kinds of Land Plants 2. Vascular - land plant with vascular tissue Vascular tissue – a system of tiny tubes
2 Kinds of Vascular Tissue Phloem -
2 Kinds of Vascular Tissue Phloem – transports food - movement is up & down
2 Kinds of Vascular Tissue Xylem -
2 Kinds of Vascular Tissue Xylem – transports water & minerals
2 Kinds of Vascular Tissue Xylem – transports water & minerals -Movement only upwards
2 Kinds of Vascular Tissue Xylem – transports water & minerals -Movement only upwards -Thick cell walls
Vascular Plants have roots, stems, and leaves
Roots -Anchor plant in ground
Roots -Anchor plant in ground -Absorb water & minerals from soil
Roots -Anchor plant in ground -Absorb water & minerals from soil -Store materials (food) for plant for later use
Roots 2 Types of roots:
Roots 2 Types of roots: 1. Fibrous (tangled mass) (ex. grass)
Roots 2 Types of roots: 2. Tap (deep & penetrating) (ex. carrots)
Stems - Provide support
Stems -Provide support -Transport materials (between roots & leaves)
Stems 2 Kinds of stems: 1. Herbaceous (green & soft) (Ex. dandelions)
Stems 2 Kinds of stems: 2. Woody (hard & rigid) - made of layers of xylem (ex. trees & shrubs)
Stems Typical structure: Outer bark (hard & protective) Phloem Vascular cambium (new growth area) Layers of xylem (growth rings) Pith (soft core)
Leaves - Produce food through photosynthesis
Leaves Typical Structure:
Types of leaves 1. Needle-shaped (ex. Pine, spruce, hemlock, larch)
Types of leaves 2.Simple (one main stem; blade in one piece) (ex. Oak, maple, apple, cherry)
Types of leaves 3.Compound (leaf blade contains many stems; blade in several pieces) (ex. Locust, hickory, ash, walnut)
Vascular Tissue Dissection
Plants!!! What Domain? What kingdom? Eukaryotic or Prokaryotic? Autotroph or Heterotroph? Multicellular or Unicellular?
Objective: How can we describe the basic characteristics of plants? Do Now: Name all the plants you saw today.
Characteristics of the Plant Kingdom 1.Plants can make their own food; they are autotrophs you know! 2. Plants have many cells with walls; we call them.
Plant Kingdom All plants are included in this kingdom, which is then divided into smaller and smaller divisions based on several characteristics Examples:
The Four Basic Parts of Plants Leaves Stems Roots Flowers.
Lets talk about plants! Kingdom _______???. What two groups of plants does this Poster show?
What is their role in photosynthesis?
THE CHARACTERISTICS OF SEED PLANTS CHAPTER 8 SECTION 3.
Plants: Structure and Function
A. Two types of plants: 1. Non-vascular, 2. Vascular.
Carbohydrate Structure and Plants I. Importance of carbohydrates to living things : 1. Carbohydrates – compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, & oxygen.
EQ: How do I describe the function of the stems and roots?
The Characteristics of Seed Plants
THURSDAY 1/21/16 Learning Goal: Describe the characteristics that seed plants share. Explain how seeds become new plants. Warm up: What happens in the.
Stems C9L3P4 Plant Organs. The part of a plant that connects its roots to its leaves is the stem. Stems support branches and leaves, and their vascular.
Plant organs and tissues
CHAPTER 9 “INTRO TO PLANTS” p. 240 Plants -285,000 + species of plants. -All have tissues and “organs”. Plants must have: cell walls -for support. chloroplasts.
Plants with Seeds Structure – Leaves stem stem roots roots.
Mr. Ramos Plant Organs and Tissues. Introduction to Plants There are over 260,000 different species of flowering plants alone! Plants are multicellular,
Exploring Plants Plant Structure & Function. Tissues Vascular tissue form strands that conduct water, minerals, & nutrients through a plant Dermal.
PLANT STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION
Plant Structures Roots, Stems, and Leaves. What are plants? Photosynthetic,eukaryotic, multi-cellular organisms. Photosynthetic,eukaryotic, multi-cellular.
Plant Kingdom All plants are multicellular, with cell walls made of cellulose. Autotrophs- make own carbs for energy through photosynthesis.
THE PLANT KINGDOM.
PLANTS. Characteristics 1. Multicellular 2. Eukaryotes 3. Photosynthesis 4. Cells walls have cellulose 5. Most cuticle (waxy, waterproof coating)
Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. PLANT STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION.
1 Kingdom Plantae Plant Structure and Functions Ch. 20 and 21.
Roots and Stems. Functions of Roots Anchor the plant Absorb water and nutrients from the soil and transports them to the stems and leaves Store.
SEED PLANTS. 1. contain vascular tissue a. thick walls give plant support b. food moves downward through phloem c. water/nutrients move upward through.
Plant Science Vegetative Parts of the Plant AG-BAS-7- d – f.
Plant Notes:. Plants: Multicellular eukaryotes Cell walls of cellulose Autotrophic (photosynthesis) Carbon dioxide + water + light Oxygen + glucose.
Plant Characteristics Plant Characteristics 1.Range in size 2.Most have roots or rootlike structures 3.Are adapted to live in any environment 4.All plants.
Support a plant….be a stem!
PLANTS- Structure Roots and Stems. ROOTS-Function 1. Anchor the plant to the soil 2. Absorb water and minerals from the soil 3. May store food 4. Transport.
PLANTS: STEMS AND ROOTS
Standards 3 & 4 Standard 3. Organisms in the Plant Kingdom are classified into groups based on specific structures. All plants are included in this kingdom,
Science 6 Unit 3 Lesson 6 What are plants like?. Start- Up Question: What is the purpose of flowers and why do they come in so many different sizes and.
Tree Structures and Functions
Plant Organs – Roots & Stems 3 things to know STRUCTURE - anatomy FUNCTION – what is the primary purpose MODIFICATION – other possible functions (aside.
Roots Main function: –Absorb water & nutrients Transport them to the above ground plant –Anchor the plant in the ground –Some store energy as carbohydrates.
Kingdom Plantae Chapters 21, 22, & 23
Plants Common Characteristics. Characteristics Multicellular Multicellular More than one cell More than one cell Cell Wall Cell Wall Made of cellulose.
What is a plant? Unit 7 Chapter 20. Plant characteristics Eukaryotic Multicellular Autotroph: food made through photosynthesis Cell walls made of cellulose.
Plant Life Cycles Ch 6 section 1 and 2. What Are the Functions of Roots, Stems, and Leaves? Roots -3 Main functions -anchor the plant in the ground.
Unit 5 Plants. Economic value: wood products/lumber Connect the vascular tissue in the leaves to the vascular tissue in the roots, allowing water.
PLANTS. Plants: Grouped by characteristics Nonvascular –Simple; most grow in moist places –No vascular tissues. No way to move around water and nutrients.
THE PLANT KINGDOM. All plants: Are Multicellular Are Autotrophic – photosynthetic Have cell walls with cellulose (that polysaccharide that we can’t digest.
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