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Lee Van Rensburg May 2011.  Lateral Epicondylitis  Arthroscopy  Arthroplasty.

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Presentation on theme: "Lee Van Rensburg May 2011.  Lateral Epicondylitis  Arthroscopy  Arthroplasty."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lee Van Rensburg May 2011

2  Lateral Epicondylitis  Arthroscopy  Arthroplasty

3  Lateral sided elbow pain  Radial tunnel syndrome (PIN)  Cervical radiculopathy  Osteochondral radiocapitellar lesion  Posterolateral elbow plica  Posterolateral elbow instability  Pathology  Degenerative – NOT “itis”  Tendinosis ECRB Volume 16, Number 1, January 2008

4 J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005;87:

5  Treatment  Non operative  Activity modification  Physiotherapy  Counterforce bracing  Injection – What?  ECSW ??????  Operative Volume 16, Number 1, January 2008

6  Physiotherapy  Stretches  Ecentric strengthening How do ecentric exercises work Rheumatology (2008) 47 (10):

7  Injections  Local anaesthetic and steroid  Hyaluronic acid  Botox  Blood  Platelet rich plasma  Mesenchymal Stem cells

8  Injections  Local anaesthetic and steroid BMJ; 2006;333:939 Bisset L, Beller E, Jull G, et al: Mobilisation with movement and exercise, corticosteroid injection, or wait and see for tennis elbow: Randomised trial.

9  Injections  Local anaesthetic and steroid Lindenhovius A, Henket M, Gilligan BP, Lozano-Calderon S, Jupiter JB, Ring D. Injection of dexamethasone versus placebo for lateral elbow pain: a prospective, double-blind, randomized clinical trial. J Hand Surg Am Jul-Aug;33(6): CONCLUSIONS: Corticosteroid injection did not affect the apparently self- limited course of lateral elbow pain.

10  Injections  Local anaesthetic and steroid  Hyaluronic acid  Botox

11  Injections  Local anaesthetic and steroid  Hyaluronic acid  Botox  Blood American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation; Volume 89(8), August 2010, pp

12  Injections  Local anaesthetic and steroid  Hyaluronic acid  Botox  Blood  Platelet rich plasma - PRP Am J Sports Med : 255

13  Platelets  VEGF – Vascular endothelial growth factor  PDGF – Platelet derived growth factor  FGF – Fibroblast growth factor  TGF B – Transforming growth factor  EGF – Epithelial growth factor

14  Injections  Local anaesthetic and steroid  Hyaluronic acid  Botox  Blood  Platelet rich plasma - PRP  Mesenchymal Stem cells

15  ECSWL J Rheumatol. 2008;35:

16  Percutaneous  Open  Arthroscopic

17  What I say/ do –  No magic bullet – Non operative 6 months  Physiotherapy  5 – 10 minutes won’t do  Use counter force brace  Reassure – Hurts no long term harm  Injection  Veering away from steroids  Try PRP (£)  Percutaneous release ( x - ray/ MRI - a scope)   Patient information

18  Diagnostic  Removal of loose bodies  Radial head excision  Debridement osteophytes OK procedure  Capsular release

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21 VOLUME 83-A · NUMBER 1 · JANUARY 2001

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26  Arthroscopy video Arthroscopy video

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28  Linked  Fixed hinge (no varus/ valgus play)  Sloppy hinge  Unlinked

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31  Sloppy hinge implants restore a better arc of movement  Higher proportion of good and excellent results  May have a lower rate of radiographic loosening  Revision rates of sloppy hinge and unlinked devices were comparable at five years Little et al. J Bone Joint Surg; Br.2005; 87-B:

32  Overall 30%  Infection 5%  Wound healing 10%  Triceps detachment 3%  Ulna nerve palsy 5% (permanent)  Disassembly (linked) 1-6%  Dislocation (unlinked) 5%, instability 14%  Loosening 9% Little et al. J Bone Joint Surg; Br.2005; 87-B:

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34  11% revision rate  Improved ROM 35°  82% good to excellent results Little et al. J Bone Joint Surg; Br.2005; 87-B:

35  10 Total elbows per year  30 Shoulder arthroplasties per year  About 2 hips per day ADH  USA Medicare 2003  6,700 shoulder joints  106,887 hip replacements  199,195 total knee replacements

36 Little et al. J Bone Joint Surg; Br.2005; 87-B: ° 13% 5 yrs

37 RevisionROM improvement Good/ Excellent Overall13%26°78% RA10%26°83% PTA10%49°81% Acute # * 3%NA99% * 3yr F/U small numbers reported Little et al. J Bone Joint Surg; Br.2005; 87-B:


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