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Advertising – Definitions and Techniques. What is Advertising? The act or practice of calling public attention to one's product, service, need, etc.The.

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Presentation on theme: "Advertising – Definitions and Techniques. What is Advertising? The act or practice of calling public attention to one's product, service, need, etc.The."— Presentation transcript:

1 Advertising – Definitions and Techniques

2 What is Advertising? The act or practice of calling public attention to one's product, service, need, etc.The act or practice of calling public attention to one's product, service, need, etc. Advertising communication is one-way.Advertising communication is one-way. Not all advertising is “selling” something you can purchase – some ads sell ideas or viewpointsNot all advertising is “selling” something you can purchase – some ads sell ideas or viewpoints

3 Where do you find advertising? Mass Media – Tools that deliver messages to lots of peopleMass Media – Tools that deliver messages to lots of people –TV –Radio –Magazines –Internet –Newspapers –Others?

4 Where do you find advertising? Targeted media – Tools that reach certain specific peopleTargeted media – Tools that reach certain specific people –Mailings – –In-store announcements –Billboards –Buses –Others?

5 Where do you find advertising? Product Placement – Products themselves can act as advertisingProduct Placement – Products themselves can act as advertising –Products in movies –T-shirt logos –Vending machines –Video Games –Others?

6 Advertising at Work Advertising has four jobs:Advertising has four jobs: –Attention : grabbing the public’s attention –Image : it must establish a unique image. Personality creating associations, needs, and desires for this product –Reassure : reassure consumers who’ve already bought the product to maintain customer loyalty –Persuade : persuade new customers to buy the product

7 How does advertising work? Advertising works consciouslyAdvertising works consciously –You already know you need something –Ads inform you of a product’s features, which you may find desirable –The next time you go to buy that item, you chose the brand you saw advertised

8 How does advertising work? Advertising creates a new needAdvertising creates a new need –The ad starts by convincing you that you need something you didn’t know you needed before –Then the ad shows that their product will fill that need

9 How does advertising work? Advertising works subconsciouslyAdvertising works subconsciously –By creating a positive image or association in your brain, advertisers get you to “like” a product –The next time you shop, you unconsciously grab that product because of the positive association

10 Advertising Techniques Advertising uses several different, distinct techniques to create that positive associationAdvertising uses several different, distinct techniques to create that positive association Most ads use several techniques at onceMost ads use several techniques at once

11 1) Bandwagon Everyone is doing itEveryone is doing it The ad creates a positive connection by showing that the product/service/idea is widely used and widely acceptedThe ad creates a positive connection by showing that the product/service/idea is widely used and widely accepted Why would everyone be using it if it wasn’t the best?Why would everyone be using it if it wasn’t the best?

12 Bandwagon Example

13 2) Plain Folks Speak to people in plain and simple termsSpeak to people in plain and simple terms The ad uses simple, common language, images, and content to appeal to the average personThe ad uses simple, common language, images, and content to appeal to the average person Let me explain this to you in terms you would understand. Let me explain this to you in terms you would understand.

14 Plain Folks Ad Example McDonald’s Ad YouTube Link for McDonald's Ad

15 3) Testimonial Someone important or famous says you should buy our productSomeone important or famous says you should buy our product The ad uses a celebrity or expert that endorses the product or service, either directly or indirectlyThe ad uses a celebrity or expert that endorses the product or service, either directly or indirectly You like or trust me, and I think the product is great.You like or trust me, and I think the product is great.

16 Testimonial Examples

17 4) Science/Statistics These numbers prove you need our productThese numbers prove you need our product The ad uses science, scientific language, or statistics to prove their product is goodThe ad uses science, scientific language, or statistics to prove their product is good Even if you don’t understand what we’re talking about, we sound really smart and credible.Even if you don’t understand what we’re talking about, we sound really smart and credible.

18 Example Gerber Life College Ad YouTube Link - Gerber Life College Ad

19 5) Transfer Associating products with something you like or valueAssociating products with something you like or value The ad couples the product with something desirable – sex appeal, humour, patriotism, sports, video games, whatever – so a positive feeling is created for the productThe ad couples the product with something desirable – sex appeal, humour, patriotism, sports, video games, whatever – so a positive feeling is created for the product You like this, right? Then you’ll like our product, too.You like this, right? Then you’ll like our product, too.

20 Transfer Examples

21 6) Emotional Appeal (Hidden Fears) Emotional appeals are advertising techniques in which the advertiser tries to play up on the emotions of the audience, often in lieu of information that might appeal to an audience rationally.Emotional appeals are advertising techniques in which the advertiser tries to play up on the emotions of the audience, often in lieu of information that might appeal to an audience rationally.

22 Emotional Appeal Example

23 7) Repetition The constant statement of an idea to fix the image of a product in the audience’s mind.The constant statement of an idea to fix the image of a product in the audience’s mind. Could beCould be –Audio –Or Audio-Visual “Call , that’s ”

24 8) Spin The attempt to turn negative evidence into something that the public will perceive positively.The attempt to turn negative evidence into something that the public will perceive positively. Used a lot in political Ads.Used a lot in political Ads.

25 9) Weasel Words The use of vague terms to mislead the viewer into thinking the product is better than it really is.The use of vague terms to mislead the viewer into thinking the product is better than it really is.

26 Weasel Words Examples "Helps control dandruff symptoms with regular use." The weasels include "helps control," and possibly even "symptoms" and "regular use." The claim is not "stops dandruff.“"Helps control dandruff symptoms with regular use." The weasels include "helps control," and possibly even "symptoms" and "regular use." The claim is not "stops dandruff.“ "Leaves dishes virtually spotless." We have seen so many ad claims that we have learned to tune out weasels. You are supposed to think "spotless," rather than "virtually" spotless."Leaves dishes virtually spotless." We have seen so many ad claims that we have learned to tune out weasels. You are supposed to think "spotless," rather than "virtually" spotless.

27 "Only half the price of many color sets." "Many" is the weasel. The claim is supposed to give the impression that the set is inexpensive."Only half the price of many color sets." "Many" is the weasel. The claim is supposed to give the impression that the set is inexpensive. "Listerine fights bad breath." "Fights," not "stops.“"Listerine fights bad breath." "Fights," not "stops.“ "Lots of things have changed, but Hershey's goodness hasn't." This claim does not say that Hershey's chocolate hasn't changed."Lots of things have changed, but Hershey's goodness hasn't." This claim does not say that Hershey's chocolate hasn't changed.

28 10) Excitement (Music) music and other sound effects add to the excitement of commercials, especially commercials aimed at kids. Those little jingles, that you just can't get out of your head, are another type of music used to make you think of a product. Have you ever noticed that the volume of commercials is higher than the sound for the program that follows?music and other sound effects add to the excitement of commercials, especially commercials aimed at kids. Those little jingles, that you just can't get out of your head, are another type of music used to make you think of a product. Have you ever noticed that the volume of commercials is higher than the sound for the program that follows?

29 What’s the big deal? Advertising affects all of us, whether we realize it or not. It affects…Advertising affects all of us, whether we realize it or not. It affects… –What we spend our money on –What we find to be “cool” –What we find attractive –How we view genders, races, and other stereotypes –Our health, happiness, and well-being –How we think people should act –Our culture in general

30 So, How Should We Handle Advertising? If you understand how an ad is supposed to work, you won’t be “tricked” into buying or believing things you don’t want to.If you understand how an ad is supposed to work, you won’t be “tricked” into buying or believing things you don’t want to. We will practice analyzing ads – we will try to figure out how they work and how they can affect you so you can make conscious choices.We will practice analyzing ads – we will try to figure out how they work and how they can affect you so you can make conscious choices.

31 How to view advertisements

32 View the Ad as a whole, consider: Your first impression of the adYour first impression of the ad its overall lookits overall look its tone and atmosphereits tone and atmosphere the storyline (if one exists), is there a climax and resolution?the storyline (if one exists), is there a climax and resolution? possible target audiencepossible target audience

33 Be specific about the audience narrow it downnarrow it down is the ad placed properly to reach the intended audience?is the ad placed properly to reach the intended audience?

34 Determine the message What atmosphere does it convey?What atmosphere does it convey? What people are in the ad?What people are in the ad? Stereotypes? Body language?Stereotypes? Body language? Celebrity? Why use this person?Celebrity? Why use this person? Is a story being told?Is a story being told? Does the content imply a certain lifestyle?Does the content imply a certain lifestyle?

35 Examine the language used What message is conveyed?What message is conveyed? Key words and phrases?Key words and phrases? Claims?Claims? What techniques are being used?What techniques are being used? Connotative and Denotative messagesConnotative and Denotative messages

36 How effective is the advertisement in communicating a message?How effective is the advertisement in communicating a message? What emotional hooks are used?What emotional hooks are used? Will you remember the product or slogan?Will you remember the product or slogan? Social values?Social values? What social attitudes are indirectly reflected in the ad?What social attitudes are indirectly reflected in the ad?

37 Reviewing print advertisements What is the focal point/centre of interest?What is the focal point/centre of interest? How are visuals arranged?How are visuals arranged? How does the print component contribute to the ad?How does the print component contribute to the ad? Does colour affect the message of the ad?Does colour affect the message of the ad? Does the product appear in ad? Where is it?Does the product appear in ad? Where is it? The logo...The logo...


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