Presentation on theme: "1 BALI PROCESS ON PEOPLE SMUGGLING, TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS AND RELATED TRANSNATIONAL CRIME HUMAN TRAFFICKING ZAFAR AWAN Director Immigration Federal Investigation."— Presentation transcript:
1 BALI PROCESS ON PEOPLE SMUGGLING, TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS AND RELATED TRANSNATIONAL CRIME HUMAN TRAFFICKING ZAFAR AWAN Director Immigration Federal Investigation Agency Pakistan (Bali-Indonesia) 7 - 8th June 2010
2 VISION A Law Enforcement Agency which not only enjoys respect of the society for its integrity, professional competence and impartiality but also serves as a role model for provincial police forces.
3 Mission Statement To achieve excellence in the organization by promoting culture of merit, providing continuous professional training, ensuring effective internal accountability and having a meaningful feedback mechanism.
4 All legal international exits manned by FIA, i.e, Airports, seaports, land routes Enquiry and investigation of cases of violations of immigration laws FIA’s responsibility for border control limited to notified exit/entry points ROLE OF FIA
5 INTRODUCTION …. Pakistan, a country of: - Origin - Transit - Destination (Pakistani Perspective) HUMAN SMUGGLING IN PAKISTAN
7 IMMIGRATION CHECK POSTS (26) AirportsLand RoutesSeaports IslamabadWagha BorderKarachi Seaport LahoreWagha Railway StationGhass Bandar KarachiKhokaropar RailwayStationPort M. Bin Qasim PeshawarTaftanGawadar QuettaChaman PasniSust TurbatTorkham Faisalabad BP 250 Balochistan Multan Sialkot Gawadar D.G. Khan R.Y.Khan D.I.Khan
8 TOTAL :6285 KM Airports14 Land Routes08 Seaports04 2,252 KM 905 KM 1605 Km 1000 Km Faisalabad Sialkot Multan Sost TorKham Taftan Turbat Khokharapar D.G khan 523 Km Existing Border Crossing Points Chaman Weish Ghulam Khan R.Y.Khan IMMIGRATION CHECK POSTS Wagha L/R Wagha R/S D.I.Khan Pasni Ghass Bandar Port M. Bin Qasim BP 250 Total: 26 Check Posts Proposed 02
19 FACTORS Market-driven criminal industry Illiteracy Unemployment Economic backwardness Misinformation Civil unrest Corruption Political uncertainty Urge for better life Competition with fellow citizens Demand in destination countries
20 AGENCIES WITH AHT ROLE FIA (Lead Agency) Rangers FC Baluchistan Coast Guards Maritime Security Agency Provincial police
21 Pakistan - Iran – Oman – UAE Pakistan – Iran – Turkey – Greece Pakistan – Middle East – West Africa - Spain Pakistan – CARs (Ukraine) – Europe Pakistan – Malaysia – Indonesia – Australia MAJOR ROUTES ANTI HUMAN TRAFFICKING
22 Pak – Iran – Oman - UAE Route Jask Mand Ballo Taftan Jagan
23 Pak – Iran – Turkey – Greece Route Mand Ballo Taftan Marmara
24 Pak – Middle East – West Africa – Spain Route Dubai Nairobi (Kenya) Nairobi (Kenya) Abid Jan (Ivory Cost) Seute/Malayya (Spain) Karachi Conakry
25 Pak – CARs (Ukraine) – Europe Route Romania Hungary
26 Sr. No.Month2007200820092010 1.January040102 2.February01--14 3.March01 1004 4.April-010302 5.May--- 6.June--- 7.July01- 8.August0201- 9.September-02 10.October--- 11.November--- 12.December0304- Total:12101822 Month wise Deportees for 2007, 2008 2009 AND 2010 - Indonesia
27 Year-wise Offloading/Deportation on forged documents for 2007, 2008, 2009 AND 2010 - Indonesia Year200720082009April - 2010 OFDs---15 DFDs----
28 Sr. No.Month2007200820092010 1.January-0102- 2.February--01- 3.March---01 4.April---- 5.May-01- 6.June-02- 7.July01-- 8.August--- 9.September--- 10.October--- 11.November--- 12.December-- Total:01040301 Month wise Deportees for 2007, 2008 2009 AND 2010 - Australia
29 Year-wise Offloading/Deportation on forged documents for 2007, 2008, 2009 AND 2010 - Australia Year200720082009April - 2010 OFDs01 -- DFDs----
30 Sr. No.Month2007200820092010 1.January506843111 2.February68554675 3.March488163115 4.April635954105 5.May626551 6.June1028375 7.July5590100 8.August864699 9.September1009383 10.October10434111 11.November2225345 12.December1007199 Total:1070798869406 Month wise Deportees for 2007, 2008 2009 AND 2010 - Malaysia
31 Year-wise Offloading/Deportation on forged documents for 2007, 2008, 2009 AND 2010 - Malaysia Year200720082009April - 2010 OFDs05062628 DFDs----
38 Illegal Immigration - Magnitude Deportations from Malaysia
39 Illegal Immigration - Magnitude Deportations from Singapore
40 Illegal Immigration - Magnitude Deportations from Thailand
41 Illegal Immigration - Magnitude Deportations from Indonesia
42 Illegal Immigration - Magnitude Deportations from Australia
43 STRATEGY TO COMBAT HUMAN TRAFFICKING PREVENTION PROSECUTION PROTECTION (Including Rehabilitation & Repatriation)
44 PREVENTION Government collaboration with IGOs and NGOs in the form of MOUs and MOCs for creating public awareness. District/Provincial administrations being involved in sensitization regarding negative effects of human trafficking. Enhancing document detection capability/ forgery detecting equipment Personal Identification Secure Comparison Evaluation System (PISCES), at all entry/exits Migration Management Cell in MOI Cont….
45 PREVENTION FIA link office at Oman Intercepting intending illegal immigrants -Inter Agency Task Force National Aliens Registration Authority (NARA) Case Management System (CMS) & Human Trafficking Information System (HUTIS)
46 PROSECUTION Prevention & Control of Human Trafficking Ordinance 2002 (PACHTO) Emigration Ordinance 1979 Passport Act 1974 Foreigner’s Act 1946 Pakistan Penal Code (PPC) Abolition of Bonded Labour Act 1997 Child Protection Act
47 PROTECTION All the fugitives involved in Human Trafficking are listed down in the Police Stations of FIA and Provincial Police forces for an effective tracking system and victims are advised to approach a Police Station as and when they have any information on the where about/ movement of such fugitives. FIA also focused on identification and protection of victims of forced migrant labour resulting from fraudulent job offers or involuntary servitude. For this purpose FIA established a link office in Muscat Sultanate of Oman that will eventually cover the Middle East as well.
48 PROTECTION Link office Muscat, interviews each and every person arrested by the host government to identify if she/he is a victim or an accused facilitator in the trafficking offence. Victims are provided food/shelter and health services in the host country. Health services are expensive but essentially required for the weary victims who venture thousands of miles without much food supplies. This is not only done by the host government but they are provided the same services in Pakistan by FIA at the Karachi Port and Taftan-Quetta with the help of some local NGOs.
49 PROTECTION They are encouraged to identify their traffickers and be a part of the investigations. In 2008, 3664 have been provided these services at the seaport and airports. So far, Muscat Link Office has a data base of around 7500 trafficked victims and 390 agents/facilitators. This information is promptly provided to the FIA Headquarters. In 2009, a 12 year old girl was lured by her real aunt to enter Muscat for flesh trade. The victim was identified, protected by the Pakistan Embassy provided all kind of support in Muscat and Pakistan. The aunt was arrested by FIA at the Karachi airport.
50 PROTECTION Performance of FIA Link Office has reflected in the up- graduation of Sultanate of Oman and should also be reflected as good work done by the Government of Pakistan in the country report on Pakistan. The proposed link offices will have the same agenda, once they are established. In order to achieve international liaison and coordinated efforts to curb transnational crime of human trafficking approval for establishment of link offices in Turkey, Greece, Iran and U.K is in the process. FIA’s liaison officer will be stationed in these link offices to effectively monitor the illegal activities of human traffickers and to provide assistance to the victims abroad. They will also bridge the gap between the countries for information/ intelligence sharing which will help in bringing good name for the country.
51 MAJOR CHALLENGES Prospective economic workers traveling by air, having valid visa, difficult to detect. Travel by land is the major mode adopted. Porous Pak – Iran border difficult to manage. Existence of human smugglers/facilitators in Iran/ Oman aggravates the problem. Low amount of money charged by the human smugglers, is an added attraction.
52 Real time intelligence sharing between Australia and Pakistan through Focal Persons. Joint identification/interviewing teams to unearth following: 1. International networks, agents, sub-agents and facilitators. 2. Modus operandi of international network. 3. Money involved and mode of payment. 4. Other relevant information e.g. link with terrorist government personnel and money laundering etc. Capacity building trainings for immigration staff, especially for document examination, profiling and intelligence sharing /evidence gathering. ASSISTANCE REQUIRED FROM AUSTRALIA
53 ASSISTANCE REQUIRED FROM AUSTRALIA Resources for Immigration Check-posts/Anti Human Trafficking Circles. Illegal Migration is a 3 rd Big International problem and requires immediate consultancy with stakeholders. Need for Singapore and Thailand to cooperate in combating illegal migration through their countries. According to Australian Immigration Laws Illegal Migrants are accommodated which needs immediate attention on amendments in laws.
54 A National Action Plan 2009 by GOP launched with special focus on Legal, Media and Training Policies to counter human trafficking. Achievable targets set after identifying major challenges Integrated Border Management System (IBMS) to replace PISCES at all entry/exit points, linking passport and CNIC databases. Introduction of Biometric system through IBMS. WAY FORWARD
55 Establishing FIA Link offices in Iran, Turkey, Greece, UK and Spain. Creation of Immigration Intelligence Unit (IIU) Installation of E-gates at Islamabad, Karachi and Lahore international airports Linkage of immigration database with Interpol MIND and FIND database WAY FORWARD