Presentation on theme: "Voluntary Reporting System on Migrant Smuggling and Related Conduct in Support of the Bali Process (VRS-MSRC) Geneva, 22 April 2013 Sebastian Baumeister."— Presentation transcript:
Voluntary Reporting System on Migrant Smuggling and Related Conduct in Support of the Bali Process (VRS-MSRC) Geneva, 22 April 2013 Sebastian Baumeister Coordination and Analysis Unit (CAU), UNODC Regional Office for Southeast Asia and the Pacific
At the 4 th Bali Process Ministerial Conference in March 2011: “Ministers agreed to strengthen engagement on information and intelligence sharing, underscoring the high value and utility that would derive from enhanced information sharing. In this regard, Ministers welcomed assistance from UNODC in establishing a voluntary reporting system on migrant smuggling and related conduct in support of the Bali Process.” In support of the Bali Process
At the 5 th Bali Process Ministerial Conference in April 2013: “Ministers encouraged members to participate in the Voluntary Reporting System on Migrant Smuggling and Related Conduct developed by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to strengthen its value as an information database to enhance and better inform policy development in response to migrant smuggling.” In support of the Bali Process
To collect and share (non-nominal) information on irregular migration and migrant smuggling To build strategic, evidence-based knowledge Purpose
To inform policies and operational measures To build trust and strengthen cooperation between states Purpose
Allowing States to exchange up-to-date information Providing a national platform to bring together data from various national agencies A secure, internet based, data sharing tool for State authorities
The VRS-MSRC serves to collect data on migrant smuggling and irregular migration within, through, from, and to the Bali Process region. What are the flows of irregular migration and migrant smuggling, which are covered by the VRS-MSRC in support of the Bali Process?
Illegal entries Total By citizenship By ‘ countries of last exit ’ By entry point By gender / age By land/sea/air and ‘ countries of last exit ’ Refused entries Total By citizenship Illegal residences Total By gender / age By citizenship Illegal exits Total By gender / age By exit points By land/sea/air and ‘ countries of next destination ’ By citizenship Fraudulent documents Total By “issuing countries” By entry or exit points Total persons using fraudulent documents By citizenship Routes By countries Methods and fees By “from country to country ” Smuggled migrants Total By citizenship By entry or exit points By land/sea/air and ‘ countries of last exit ’ Suspects of migrant smuggling Total (number of suspects) By citizenship By gender Convicted migrant smugglers By gender By citizenship Interaction between migrant smugglers Migrant smugglers' involvement into other crime areas Clients of migrant smugglers Note: Only those data where the responding country indicates ‘ yes ’ in the Screener will be visible online Collecting and sharing data
Conducting analysis and building strategic intelligence routes, methods used, fees paid
Conducting analysis and building strategic intelligence Who is entering and staying in an irregular way?
Conducting analysis and building strategic intelligence Who are the criminals facilitating irregular entry and stay?
Based upon the principle of mutual information sharing
More than 70 law enforcement officers from 23 countries & IOs Australia, Belgium, Cambodia, Canada, China, Fiji, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Maldives, Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Tonga, Thailand, UK, USA, Viet Nam, Europol, Frontex, INTERPOL, and the Pacific Immigration Directors’ Conference (PIDC). Development of the VRS-MSRC
12 countries from Asia, the Pacific, Europe and North America participated: Australia, Cambodia, France, Fiji, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Maldives, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tonga, UK, and the USA as well as the Pacific Immigration Directors’ Conference (PIDC). Validation Workshop in BKK, in Nov.2012 Pilot phase in Oct. and Nov. 2012
Participants unanimously underscored the high utility of the VRS-MSRC: effective tool for sharing information a) among States, and b) among relevant agencies at the national level Participants identified a number of ways to further improve the user-friendliness and the functionality of the system Pilot phase results
Launch in mid 2013 1 st reporting cycle covers two reporting periods: 2012 Jan. to June 2013 Familiarization workshop VRS-MSRC in 2013
Extension to other regions? One global tool to collect and share data? The future of the VRS-MSRC?
The VRS-MSRC is a tool for States to share data and build knowledge on irregular migration and migrant smuggling. The more States contribute, the better the information.
Competition among agencies at national level Lack of coordination and cooperation at national level Different understanding of terms Not all states collect the same data Mistrust Lack of international cooperation Irregular migration is a sensitive topic Lack of political will Translating political will into action Workload Main challenges in sharing of strategic data?
Thank you! UNODC VRS-MSRC TEAM United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Regional Office for Southeast Asia and the Pacific UN Secretariat Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200 www.unodc.org/eastasiaandpacific/ Email: email@example.com