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KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Initial studies on Virtual Reality Visualisation of 3D airflow in ventilated livestock buildings Kjeld.

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Presentation on theme: "KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Initial studies on Virtual Reality Visualisation of 3D airflow in ventilated livestock buildings Kjeld."— Presentation transcript:

1 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Initial studies on Virtual Reality Visualisation of 3D airflow in ventilated livestock buildings Kjeld Svidt Aalborg University

2 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Contents of my presentation Background Methods Facilities Cases Results and conclusions

3 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Background - the project Research project: “Control of Air Movement in Livestock Buildings” ( )... a joint research project between three Danish research groups: The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Department of Animal Science & Animal Health, Copenhagen, Denmark Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Research Centre Bygholm, Horsens, Denmark Aalborg University, Department of Building Technology and Structural Engineering, Aalborg, Denmark

4 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Background - why livestock buildings Livestock production an important export industry in Denmark Increased focus on working environment, indoor air quality, animal welfare New housing types and production systems New design tools such as Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

5 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Background - why VR in this particular project Because it is possible And because we see some possibilities in it A pilot project to investigate the possibilities Are we here ? Or are we here ?

6 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk The VR part of the project One-day information seminar for professionals in the ventilation industry and consultants from the agricultural extension service. For this seminar, a few cases reflecting research results as well as problem-cases from the industry were selected to be presented in the Virtual Reality facilities at Aalborg University. Airflow was calculated with the commercial CFD-code Fluent version 5.5. Results were converted and displayed with the visualisation code VU (www.cerca.umontreal.ca/vu). The results were displayed with active stereo in the panorama as well as the six-sided CAVE.

7 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk What is VR ? Presentations that take place at the VR-Centre ? Convincing your senses that something virtual is real Making a realistic visualisation of something that is difficult to see in reality (e.g. airflow) May include the following elements: Stereo viewing A certain degree of immersion Realtime interaction with the model/database Tracking of persons or interaction device

8 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk VR facilities at Aalborg University (1) Onyx2 IR2 Lightwave Matrix-Hub Cave Panorama 3D Auditorium

9 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk VR facilities at Aalborg University (2) Panorama –Ø 7.1m, 160°, H 3.5m –Mono & aktive stereo –28 persons –Tracking

10 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk VR facilities at Aalborg University (3) 6-sided CAVE –2.5m x 2.5m x 2.5m –Back projektion –Aktive stereo –1 person with tracking, + a few observers without tracking

11 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Cases selected for VR presentation in the project 1.3D airflow in a laboratory set-up with an isothermal slot inlet 2.Airflow and CO2-concentrations in a laboratory set-up with 4 wall inlets and “pig simulators” 3.Simulation of displacement ventilation in a room with closed pen partitions 4.Airflow in a similar room with a low momentum ceiling inlet 5.Airflow in a room with a radial inlet device

12 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Case 1. 2D visualisation of 3D flow Air inlet Air exhaust

13 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Case 1 3D airflow in a laboratory set-up with an isothermal slot inlet Air inlet Air exhaust

14 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Case 2 Airflow and CO2 concentration in a laboratory set-up with 4 wall inlets and “pig simulators” Air inlet Air exhaust

15 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Case 3 – 4 Airflow in a room with closed pen partitions Air inlet Air exhaust

16 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Case 5 Airflow in a room with a radial inlet device Air inlet Air exhaust

17 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Methods of flow visualisation The presenter could scale and position the model in the 3D environment He could drag filled contour planes and vector planes arbitrarily through the model In addition he could place or drag seed points for streamlines or animated particle tracks in an intuitive way by moving physically around in the model

18 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Results and Conclusions (1) The VR facilities proved to be very efficient to visualise the three-dimensional airflow for people with no special background in 3D modelling and fluid motion Especially the CAVE gave a very persuasive experience of being inside a virtual room with a virtual airflow

19 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Results and Conclusions (2) It requires some training to navigate in the models and to scale and position them in a suitable way in relation to the physical surroundings (the audience, the panorama screen, the walls of the CAVE etc.) In general we saw that inexperienced persons tend to stay in a fixed position trying to reach to the extents of the model instead of moving freely around in the available space.

20 KJELD SVIDT, AALBORG UNIVERSITY It.civil.auc.dk Links The project homepage iee.civil.auc.dk/i6/klima/projects/livestock VR Media Lab, Aalborg IT in civil engineering at Aalborg University it.civil.auc.dk Indoor Environmental Engineering at Aalborg University iee.civil.auc.dk Center for AgroTechnology - Aalborg University cjt.auc.dk


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