Presentation on theme: "Immigration and Industrialization Smart Start: Group Response 1. Why do people choose to come to America? (4) 2. What are some reasons as to why people."— Presentation transcript:
Smart Start: Group Response 1. Why do people choose to come to America? (4) 2. What are some reasons as to why people emigrate(leave) a country and then immigrate (enter) into another? (4) 3. What are some struggles people face once they enter “the land of the free”? (4)
“You have to live in someone else’s homeland” As you listen to Ms. Wachowski read the poem, close your eyes and imagine what you would feel like. And if you can, imagine what your ancestors felt as they entered the America.
Political Cartoons “Statue of liberty” and “New Arrivals” How does your group interpret the cartoons? Write response on white board Class discussion
Citizenship: WHY? What myths are still held about immigration today? (Article) Take quiz on immigration today. Take quiz on immigration today
BIG IDEA FOLDABLE You will need to create a replica of the foldable on page 581 or put it into a chart like we did for Chapter 19. Be ready to discuss your findings!
“New” Immigrants 1870-1920 20 million new immigrants Eastern Europe – Religion and land China – jobs, opportunities, war Japan – jobs/Westernize Caribbean – jobs/conflict Mexican – escape and farming
Primary Sources (4) Read through each primary source of those who entered America from 1870-1900’s. Record what you learned about their journey and what hardships, adjustments, etc they had to endure to come to America.
Pushed from home and Pulled to America Many emigrated(What does this mean?) Find and point where it located in Chapter 20 section 1
Journey to the land of plenty Read journey to America What was it like? How would you have handled the journey to America? What was the first thing immigrants saw upon their enter to America on the Eastern Coast? Was it a warm welcoming?
Trip here Steam Ship Ellis Island – Europeans Angel Island – Asians Settled in Ethnic communities Felt like home Same Language
So, now you have been allowed access to the land of plenty, now what?
Anti – Immigrant feelings take place Fight for same jobs Immigrants worked for lower wages 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act – ban immigration of ONLY Chinese Nativism Movement=Only those born here are true American and everyone else should blend in (assimilate)
Two View Points Page 586 How do the view of yesterday compare to that of those today? Why do you think people feel this way? What struggles does America still face in dealing with herself?
Life in the City Tenement Dumb bell Apartment Row Houses Water Fire Sanitation Social Reform
Social reform to help the poor Clinics YMCA Assistance from settlement houses (medical care, playgrounds, nurseries, libraries, classes in English, art, crafts, etc) Jane Addams – forms the Hull House in Chicago to help immigrants – she is a social reformer
Middle Class Suburbs Luxury: hot water, running water, indoor toilets, electricity, etc. Leisure time: listen to music, art, literature, sports, etc.
Upper Class Gilded Age (Covered in thin layer of gold) Enormous mansions Huge estates Parties and dinners (Vanderbilt: cost of 1 party in 1883= $75,000. Today’s cost= 1.3 mil.) 1-2% pop. But control almost everything (governt, politics, economy, etc)
Let’s make it better Spoils System/Patronage – giving of jobs to friends not based on ability Civil Service – government jobs – in this time period were given based on patronage – start to see a need for reform and base these jobs on merit/ability
Cities are changing Building up (skyscrapers) Bridges (Brooklyn and Eads ) Street cars, Trolleys, and cable cars Subways Use of asphalt to pave streets Education, culture, and recreation
America’s changing Education: by 1914 most states required some schooling for children (80% ages 5- 17 in elem. And secondary schools) “National Progress” = education Public education emerges (girls attended more than boys) “Progressive Education” = hands-on approach (character, citizenship, application to real life)
America’s changing con’t Colleges and Universities= pop up Women began to attend colleges (Vassar, Smith, Wellesley, etc Minorities (African Americans) attend college Booker T Washington(Tuskegee Institute) George Washington Carver(invented shaving cream, plastics, synthetic rubber, paper, items dealing with the peanut, etc)
Reading, Literature, Art, and Music impact Libraries Daily newspapers Magazines Painting=realism= Describe the lives of real people, places, events, etc Music=Jazz, ragtime, etc Literature (Realism and Regionalism) (Mark Twain, Jack London, etc)
Think Pair Share America has often been referred to as a big melting pot Define melting pot http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=32l3sTF RFX8&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=32l3sTF RFX8&feature=related
Perspective is changing: Recently, America has modified the melting pot idea and has began talking about being a salad bowl Define Salad Bowl What do you think America is?
Think Pair Share "Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest- tossed to me. I lift my lamp beside the golden door.“ What does this mean? Where is it written? Does it still apply today?