Presentation on theme: "Ionic liquids enhanced solvent extraction for bitumen recovery from oil sands Reporter: Zhang Jianqiang Academic Advisor ： Professor Sui."— Presentation transcript:
Ionic liquids enhanced solvent extraction for bitumen recovery from oil sands Reporter: Zhang Jianqiang Academic Advisor ： Professor Sui
Contents Project background and significance The progress report Subsequent experiment plan
Part 1. Project Background And Significance What is oil sands ？ Oil or tar sands are complex mixtures of sand, clays, water, and bitumen, a “heavy” or highly viscous oil. Why did we do this project? Because the lack of the crude oil, then releasing the bitumen from the oil/tar sands has a practical significance.
How? the methods have been used: Destructive distillation Extraction HWEP (hot water extraction process) Solvent/ILs extraction Supercritical fluid extraction Ultrasound-enhanced extraction Microwave assisted extraction ATP(Aostar Taciuk Process) Fluid coking Methods
The method we used is Why? 1.lower pollution risk than the HWEP 2.Lower water consumption 3.Stable in room temperature: nonvolatile, nontoxic, nonflammable … … Solvent/ILs extraction
Part2. the Progress Report What have we done? Exp1. Composite solvent (ethyl acetate/n-heptane) extract the bitumen from the oil sands(3.0±0.1g) in different ratio range from 0:6 to 4:6, the total volume is 16mL. Exp2. Ionic liquids enhanced solvent extraction for bitumen recovery from oil sands(3.0±0.1g) in different ratio range from 0:6 to 4:6, the total volume is 16mL, the volume of the ILs is 8mL. And firstly we have to calculate the distribution ratio of the ethyl acetate in n-heptane and [Emim][BF 4 ] by GC(gas chromatograph ) Exp3. Orthogonal test
Why did we design these three steps? Exp1&Exp2 are to prove that the ILs can enhance the extraction of bitumen from the oil sands. Exp3 was conducted to find the optimal conditions for the extraction.
The experiments block diagram(take the Exp2 for example, Exp1&Exp3 are similar with Exp2) Oil Sands[Emim][BF 4 ] Ethyl Acetate n-Heptane Stirring by magnetic stirrers for 30 min, 25 ℃,400rpm Centrifuging for 5min, 7000rpm Transfer the top layer to a clean weighted flask by pipette Adding fresh solvent to flask Repeat for 4 times Distillation, Dry the bitumen in the oven at 110 ℃ for 4 hours, calculating the recovery ratio Recycle the solvents/ILs, keep the sands
Results … …
Part 3.Subsequent Experiment Plan What shall we do next? The component part of the bitumen Bitumen Saturates 5-20% Aromatics 40-65% Resin 15-30% Asphaltene 5-25% The asphalt is not suitable for the downstream refinery. Or we can say it is useless in the commercial oil.
What will we plan to do in details? Our purpose: 1.Find the suitable composite solvent with ILs in the optimal conditions to extract the bitumen from the oil sands without asphaltene. 2.Or find the suitable solvent to release the asphalt from the bitumen after the extraction.
How to design the Experiments? Firstly, we must understand the force between the sands and the bitumen in the solvent. Then we can use the atomic force microscope (AFM) to calculate the force.
the mechanism of imaging by AFM Expulsive force atom Attractive force atom
Outline: We plan to use the silica sphere (~40μm) as the sands, and silicon wafer(~15X15mm) spin- coated with bitumen or asphaltene, and then we can measure the force between the silica and bitumen/asphaltene in solvents circumstance.
Steps: 1.Probe Particle Preparation: The silica sphere will be glued with the two-component epoxy
How to glue the silica particle to the AFM cantilever?
Scanning electron microscopy(SEM) photomicrograph of silicon powder Zoom In
2.Preparation of the substrate bitumen/asphaltene film are spin-cast from toluene solution(10mg/ml) using the spin-caster. Silicon wafer size: 15mm×15mm Steps: 1.Last for 10s at 100rpm 2.Last for 20s at 3000rpm 3.Last for 60s at 5000rpm AFM image of the bitumen substrate
3. The contact angle measurements Conduct both before and after the AFM experiments to ensure that the film had neither detached from the silicon substrate nor been damaged during the AFM study.
4. Surface force measurement The solution is injected into the fluid cell slowly with great care to avoid trapping air bubbles. Both surfaces immerse in the solution are allow to equilibrate for 1h. About 100 force-distance curves(10 curves at 10 different spots) to calculate the average force. 5. results and discussion