Presentation on theme: "Alex Mueller University of Massachusetts Boston Rhetorical Intimacy: Geoffrey Chaucer, Poetry, and the Ars Dictaminis."— Presentation transcript:
Alex Mueller University of Massachusetts Boston email@example.com Rhetorical Intimacy: Geoffrey Chaucer, Poetry, and the Ars Dictaminis
“Dictamen’s tyranny of stylistic prescriptions... discouraged the spontaneity and direct expression of thought and feeling that, at other times in history, have given the personal letter its distinctive character. With the diffusion of the prescription of ars dictaminis the personal letter as such disappeared.” Ars Dictaminis: Death of the Personal Letter? Ronald G. Witt, The Two Latin Cultures and the Foundation of Renaissance Humanism in Medieval Italy, 264.
Erasmus on Ovid’s Heroides “... the common good must take precedence over private grief...” Opus de conscribendis epistolis (1522)
The “Poet-Like” Manner of the Ovidian Women I had gret wondir of thair layis sere Quhilkis in that arte mycht have na way compere Of castis quent, rethorik colouris fyne So poete-lyk in subtyle fair manere And elaquent fyrme cadens regulere. (817-21) Gavin Douglas, The Palis of Honoure (1501)
Chaucer: A Woman’s Friend “... he was evir... all womanis frend” Gavin Douglas, Eneados (1513)
Cicero’s Letters to his Friends Epistolae ad familiares Marcus Tullius Cicero (Venice: Johannes da Spira, 1469)
The Deceptive Rhetoric of “Frendshippe” Therefore be no wyght so nyce, To take a love oonly for chere, Or speche, or for frendly manere, For this shal every woman fynde, That som man, of his pure kynde, Wol shewen outward the fayreste, Tyl he have caught that what him leste. (1.276-82) Geoffrey Chaucer, The House of Fame
Dido’s Friendly Rhetoric She seyde, certes, that she sory was That he hath had swych peryl and swich cas; And, in hire frendly speche, in this manere She to hym spak, and seyde as ye may here. (1082-5) Chaucer, The Legend of Good Women
Giovanni di Bonandrea Brevis introductio ad dictamen View from my apartment. Bibilioteca di Bologna MS 313, f. 2r Early 14 th century
A New Rhetorical Category: Habitus De adiectione personarum habitu precellentium [On the salutation of persons distinguished by habitus]... Et item corporis aliquam commoditatem non natura datam sed studio et industria comparatam... [And again [we name that habitus], some proportion of the body not given by nature but collected by study and industry.] Giovanni di Bonandrea, Brevis introductio ad dictamen Biblioteca di Bologna, MS 2461, 77r
Dido’s Dead Letter Upon the fir of sacryfice she sterte, And with his swerd she rof hyre to the herte. But as myn auctour seith, yit thus she seyde; Or she was hurt, byforen or she deyde, She wrot a lettre anon that thus began:... But who wol al this letter have in mynde, Rede Ovyde, and in hym he shal it fynde. (1350-67) Chaucer, The Legend of Good Women
Ecquid, ut adspecta est studiosae littera dextrae, Protinus est oculis congnita nostra tuis– an, nisi legisses auctoris nomina Sapphus, hoc breve nescires unde movetur opus? (15.1-4) Ovid, Heroides 15 “Sappho to Phaon” Tell me, when you looked upon the characters from my eager right hand, did your eye know immediately whose name they were – or, unless you had read their author’s name, Sappho, would you fail to know whence these brief words come?