Presentation on theme: "The opening lines of Pearl, from MS Cotton Nero A.x."— Presentation transcript:
The opening lines of Pearl, from MS Cotton Nero A.x
I fell upon that flower-bed fair; Such odor siezed my brain distraught I slipped into a slumber unaware, On that precious pearl without a spot.
I came to the shore of a water-way: Dear God, what brave embellishment! Embellishing those waters deep, Banks of pure beryl greet my gaze…
“O pearl,” said I,” in pearls of price, Are you my pearl come back again, Lost and lamented with desolate sighs In darkest night, alone and in vain?”
But under leafy boughs I sped Until from a hill I looked below And saw the city, as she had said, Beyond the stream in splendor spread, That brighter than shafts of sunlight shone.
The Parable of the Vineyard For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire laborers into his vineyard. And when he had agreed with the laborers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard. And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace, and said unto them: Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way. And again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise. And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and said unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle? They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive. So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first. And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny. But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny. And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house, saying, these last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day. But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst thou not agree with me for a penny? Take that thine is, and go thy way; I will give unto this last, even as unto thee. Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good? So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen. Matthew 20:1-16
The Pearl of Great Price Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls: who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had and bought it. Matthew 13:45-46
Littera gesta docet; quid credas, allegoria; Moralis, quid agas; quo tendas, anagogia. (The letter exhibits deeds; allegory, what you should believe [Church]; The moral level [tropological, re: individual salvation], what you should do; the anagogical, where you should be going [eternal life of soul].) e.g., Jerusalem = Holy City (literally) = Church Miltant (allegorically) = just soul (tropologically) = Church triumphant (anagogically)