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Orientation to Veterinary Science Mrs. Debbie Swarens, RVT, BS, MA Animal Science 401.

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Presentation on theme: "Orientation to Veterinary Science Mrs. Debbie Swarens, RVT, BS, MA Animal Science 401."— Presentation transcript:

1 Orientation to Veterinary Science Mrs. Debbie Swarens, RVT, BS, MA Animal Science 401

2 Medical Terminology Introduction to Word Parts –Word Roots –Suffixes –Prefixes –Parts of Speech –Plural Formation

3 This is a word-building system By using a few word parts, you can build thousands of words. A words have a word root: –Trans/port –Ex/port –Im/port –Sup/port The word root is port.

4 More examples: Suf/fix Pre/fix Af/fix Fix/ation The word root is: fix Gastr/itis Gastr/ectomy Gastr/ic The root word is: gastr

5 In the textbook, a slash mark “/” is used to divide words into their word parts: gastr/o/duoden/ostomy Word rootcombiningword rootsuffix vowel GASTRODUODENOSTOMY

6 MICROMICR/O += Word rootvowelCombining form GASTR/ODUODEN/OSCOPY ++= GASTRODUODENOSCOPY Combining form Suffix Compound word COMBINING:

7 WORD BUILDING: Use a word root, not a combining form, when joining a word root with a suffix or another word root that begins with a vowel: –A –E –I –O –U DERMAT Word root + ITIS= suffix DERMATITIS

8 Suffixes Micro = small The combining form “micr/o” used with different suffixes: 1.Micr/o/scope – an instrument to see small things 2.Micr/o/surgery – surgery using a microscope 3.Micr/o/meter – device used to measure small things

9 Suffixes Hydro = water The combining form “hydr/o” used with different suffixes: 1.Hydr/o/phobia – fear of water 2.Hydr/o/cele – fluid in a saclike cavity 3.Hydr/o/therapy – treatment using water

10 Parts of Speech Nouns –osis –ia –us –um –e –us Adjectives –otic –ic –ous –ac –ar –al Word root: cyan/ anem/ muc/ ili/ condyl/ carp/

11 Parts of Speech Nouns: –cyanosis –anemia –mucus –ilium –condyle –carpus Adjectives: –cyanotic –anemia –mucous –iliac –condylar –carpal Definition condition of blueness lack of blood watery substance produced by a membrane upper pelvic bone rounded bony process wrist bone

12 Singular/Plural Singular Suffixes: –on –ma –is –nx –a –us –um –is –ex –ix –ax Plural Suffixes: –a –mata –es –ges –ae –i –a –es –ices –aces

13 Singular/Plural Singular: –spermatozoon –ganglion –carcinoma –lipoma –crisis –prognosis Plural: spermatozoa ganglia carcinomata lipomata crises prognoses

14 What’s the Plural Form? protozoan sarcoma diagnosis protozoa sarcomata diagnoses

15 Singular/Plural Singular: –vertebra –conjunctiva –bacillus –bronchus –testis –ilium –bacterium Plural: –vertebrae –conjunctivae –bacilli –bronchi –testes –ilia –bacteria

16 What’s the Plural Form? coccus calcaneum vertex cervix thorax cocci calcanea vertices cervices thoraces

17 Prefix: ex- dis- New Word: extension express displease disease Word: tension press please ease ex- means either “from” or “out from” dis- means “reversal” or “separation”


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