Presentation on theme: "EARLY SETTLERS Exploring our Past Where did we come from?"— Presentation transcript:
EARLY SETTLERS Exploring our Past Where did we come from?
Looking back in time People have always lived in the place we call “Canada” True False Different groups of people moved here at different times True False Aboriginals or “first nations” have lived here for hundreds of years True False Later, other people came called settlers or pioneers True False True/False? Use your mouse to click on the answer you think is correct.
Looking back in time…. The Aboriginal people and settlers helped to make the country that we live in today
History is about how people lived in the past. UPPER CANADA was the name used for part of what we now call Ontario
When did early settlers arrive here? 500 years ago 300 years ago 100 years ago Use your mouse to choose your answer.
A TIME LINE Think about Time ……… About 2000 years ago About 5000 years ago About 10 000 Years ago About 500 years ago About 200 years ago The first people were moving across an ice- covered land. As the weather changed peoples lives started to change Aborigin -al people began to grow corn and crops People from Europe were exploring and started to live in Canada Many people began to move to Upper Canada from the US and Europe
10 000 years ago These people were the long-ago relatives of Aboriginal people today. They worked together to hunt big animals like caribou and the woolly mammoths.
5000 years ago Over thousands of years, the climate became warmer and summer lasted longer. Different plants and animals began to live in Upper Canada. The people began to hunt animals like deer, bear and beaver.
2000 years ago People who began to grow corn and crops stayed in one place for longer periods of time. Corn needs a long, warm summer and good soil.
500 years ago Explorers did not stay in Upper Canada but they learned many things from the Aboriginal people. They also changed the Aboriginal people’s way of life.
200 years ago…… People from Europe and the United States began to move to Upper Canada. These “settlers” came for many reasons. They built homes and began villages.
The Wendat People The Wendat were one of the groups of people living in Upper Canada when people from Europe arrived. The lived in the southern part of Upper Canada. Another name for the Wendat people is: Iroquois Huron Cree Use your mouse to click on the right answer.
Aboriginal Languages Many groups of Aboriginal people lived in Upper Canada long before other people came. Their ways of life and languages were also different. The groups that lived in the south, spoke Iroquoian languages. Other groups spoke Algonquian languages (like the Anishinabe or Ojibwa).
LEGACY Many Aboriginal words are used in English today. For example, the name Canada comes from an Iroquoian word kanata. It means: Village Country Home The name Ontario is Iroquoian for: Plentiful trees Beautiful waters Rolling hills Use your mouse to choose your answer.
Wendat’s Villages -wooden frame, covered with sheets of cedar or elm bark -several families lived in each
Wendat’s Food Using your mouse, point to the food you think would be most popular.
Wendat’s Tools Axes, knives and arrow points were made from stone. Fish spears and arrow points were made from deer antlers. Cooking pots, pipes were made from clay they Wendat dug from the ground.
The Anishinabe The Anishinabe spoke an Algonquian language. True False They lived in the southern part of Upper Canada True False They moved often to follow the animals they were hunting True False Families would come together to work and celebrate True False True or False? Use your mouse to click on your answer.
Anishinable Villages & Homes The wigwam is shaped like a dome. Others like cones. Men and women worked together to build them. The frame was built from poles cut from young trees. The frame was covered with bark or animals skins. Spruce tree branches covered the floor and animal skins to keep them warm. The fire was built in the middle of the floor to give heat and to cook food.
Anishinabe Food Using your mouse, point to the food that you think would be the hardest to find.
Tools How do you think each of these tools are used?
RESEARCH…….. In Groups of 4, you are going to research about the ways of the Anishinabe or Wendat people Be prepared to present your findings to the rest of the class at the end of this period.