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The Eastern Woodlands Unit 1, Chapter 2, Lesson 2 Pages 62 – 67.

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Presentation on theme: "The Eastern Woodlands Unit 1, Chapter 2, Lesson 2 Pages 62 – 67."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Eastern Woodlands Unit 1, Chapter 2, Lesson 2 Pages 62 – 67

2 Objectives Describe how the Eastern Woodlands peoples adapted to their environment Locate the Eastern Woodlands cultural area and compare lifeways among its inhabitants.

3 Life in the Eastern Woodland Stretched east of the Mississippi River Name  the thick forests that covered the land Villages built along banks of rivers and streams

4 A Common Resource TREES –Shelter –Weapons –Tools –Canoes –Food: Cherries and plums

5 Eastern Woodland People Northeastern part of the Woodlands –Soil was rocky –People did more hunting and gathering Southern areas of the Woodlands –Soil was better/richer with nutrients –People would farm: beans, corn, squash

6 JOBS – Division of Labor MEN –Hunted animals for food –Used antlers and bones to make tools –Used spears & nets to catch fish –Cleared land for planting WOMEN –Prepared the food –Used animal skins to make clothing & moccasins –Planted & harvested crops (along with the children

7 Two Groups of Eastern Woodlands Iroquois Algonquian Separated into these groups based on the languages they spoke

8 IROQUOIS Lived inland: Great Lake Region PA, NY, & Lake Ontario of Canada Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca These tribes known as the Iroquois, or the FIVE NATIONS Iroquois Flag

9 Iroquois Villages Iroquois were farmers Built on steep hills PALISADES – walls of tall wooden poles Built around villages for protection

10 Iroquois Shelters Longhouses – long wooden building that could hold up to 50 people Poles made from small trees, bent then covered with bark Divided into sections Held one to two families american-native-art.com

11 Iroquois Crops Three main crops: Corn, Beans, Squash Crops called: Three Sisters All three crops were planted in the same field After a few years, soil less fertile A new field would be cleared in another area

12 CRAFTS Wampum – beads cut from seashells Used to make beaded designs Traded & Exchanged for goods Used to show: –Important decisions –Events –Stories warriors.warren.k12.il.us

13 Iroquois League Five nations often battled over control of hunting grounds Hiawatha – saw family killed by another tribe He was to kill those who killed his family He wanted fighting to stop

14 Hiawatha Leaves his village to meet with Deganawida (deh-gahn-uh-WEE-duh) Deganawida known as the Peacemaker Eventually, they convinced the Five Nations to unite and work together

15 United Iroquois Formed about A.D Acted as a Confederation Confederation – loose group of governments working together Representatives were sent from all tribes Grand Council – settled disputes among the people peacefully

16 What was used to make longhouses? Trees bent to make the frame and covered with bark

17 Why were trees important to the Eastern Woodlands? Provided the wood used to make tools, canoes, shelter, and were also a source of food.

18 ALGONQUIAN Three tribes that lived along the coastal plain: –Delaware –Wampanoag –Powhatan

19 ALGONQUIAN Other tribes that lived inland, around the Great Lakes: –Ottawa –Chippewa –Miami

20 Algonquian Homes Some groups built longhouses like the Iroquois Others built round, bark-covered shelters –Wigwams –Built like longhouses: small trees bent, tied together into a dome shape, then covered with bark

21 Algonquian Food Did not rely on farming FISHED Built canoes Used animal bones & wood to make hooks and fishing traps

22 Clothing MEN –Wore shirts –Leggins –Moccasins –All made from deerskin WOMEN –Wore dresses –Made from deerskin

23 Government Algonquian groups had leaders who governed more than one village Some had two chiefs: –one for matters of peace –one for matters of war

24 Ceremonies Marriage Ceremonies Man had to show he was a good hunter Woman had to show she was a good homemaker Couple would marry by exchanging gifts and inviting their families to a feast

25 How did the diet of the Algonquian differ from that of the Iroquois? The Algonquian ate more fish, while the Iroquois relied more on crops

26 How is the term confederation related to the Iroquois League? The Iroquois League was a confederation of different groups

27 Why did the Iroquois groups choose to come together to form the Iroquois League? The groups thought they could better protect themselves and their way of life if they cooperated.

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