3Possess typical canine features Large erect ears, elongated muzzle Long bushy tailAdults weigh between 30 to 40 poundsLength can exceed 60 inchesOne and a half to two feet tallMales may be 20% larger that females3
5Coyotes were first documented in Maryland in 1972 (Cecil, Frederick, Washington Counties). Population densities have expanded incrementally and coyotes now occur statewide.Highest densities are in Western Maryland, lowest occurrence on the Eastern Shore.5
6Highest coyote densities occur in intermixed woodland/farmland areas 66
7Coyote population densities will increase in Maryland’s suburban corridor77
8Maryland and Delaware are the last two states to be colonized by coyotes 88
10Reach sexual maturity by 1 year of age. Breeding season runs from late January through March.Gestation period is 63 days.Litters average 5-6 pups.Coyote dens are found in steep banks and underbrush. Will dig out and enlarge burrows of other animals.Both adult coyotes hunt and bring food to their pups.10
12Coyotes can negatively impact native wildlife species. Coyotes have assumed role as top order predator.Coyotes tend to alter ecosystem structure and function.Various wildlife species have experienced population declines as a result of their status as coyote prey.12
13Coyote Food HabitsCoyote diet consists of rabbits, rodents, occasionally young fawns, insects and berries.May even feed on human refuse at dump sites.
14Red fox decline dramatically in response to increasing coyote populations The+Red+Fhttp://misswalkerswiki.wikispaces.com/Vulpes+vulpes+--+ox14
15Eastern coyote and red fox share many common habitat requirements and occupy overlapping niches. Larger and more resilient coyote is able to out compete and displace resident fox populations.As a result red fox move into areas devoid of individual coyote home ranges.15
16Long term impacts on white-tailed deer by coyote are not known. 16
17Coyote food habit studies regularly show consistent use of deer as food. However, it does not appear that coyote limit deer populations on a regional scale at this time.17
18Social Implications Of Coyotes http://www.easterncoyoteresearch.com/ 18
19As coyote first appear in an area they are novel and receive a great deal of interest.As population densities and nuisance complaints increase public opinion changes from novel fascination to “I do not want this animal in my neighborhood.”Few wildlife species evoke as widespread and passionate disdain by the public as coyotes.
21Cultural impacts fall into two categories: Generalized problems such as pet loss.Situations involving livestock loss.Coyotes established in suburban locations efficiently prey on cats.A local indicator of the presence of coyotes is rapid decline in cat population.Localized situations involving both pet and livestock loss can be alleviated by attempting to remove problem animals.
23Annual hunting and trapping seasons have been established. DNR has the flexibility to pro-actively address some of the previously mentioned ecological and social concerns.Observational data is gathered from bow hunters about furbearers and other wildlife species viewed during a hunt.This information furnishes the foundation for responsible harvest regulations for coyotes and other furbearers.
26DNR has contracted with the USDA Wildlife Service to provide technical guidance for persons experiencing problems with coyotes.Call USDA WildlifeLicensed Nuisance Wildlife Control Cooperators are available to trap and remove nuisance coyotes.