Presentation on theme: " Make a list of all the interest groups you can think of and what they represent Categorize them as: economic, environmental, equality, consumer/public."— Presentation transcript:
Make a list of all the interest groups you can think of and what they represent Categorize them as: economic, environmental, equality, consumer/public interest, or professional/government Which types benefit non-members, as well as members? Bellringer
INTEREST GROUPS Chapter 9
Today we will … Objectives Agenda Interest Groups Explain the rise of interest groups. Describe how interest groups influence public policy making. Interest Groups – notes Ch. 9 Reading Quiz FRQ Review, if time HW: Interest Groups assignment Unit Test MC Portion on Friday 11/21 FRQ portion on Tuesday 11/25
An interest group is any organization that seeks to influence public opinion. 1. Many kinds of cleavage, many different interests 2. Constitution provides many “access points” 3. Weakness of political parties Why do we have so many interest groups?
1. Broad economic development Rise of industrialization led to increased need for unions & their interests 2. Government policy itself Wars create Veterans. Collective Bargaining creates unions. 3. Emergence of strong leaders Especially social movements focused on need for change & inspired by political and religious doctrine Usually young people 4. Expanding role of government More government activities = more interests that those actions will affect 1. Factors that account for the rise of interest groups
Individuals or organizations representing other organizations Business, Trade, Governmental Associations, Universities Interest organizations Less likely union - more likely religious, political, civic Greater sense of political efficacy - civic duty Institutional vs. Membership Who actually lobbies?
Solidarity Incentives: happiness, status & companionship Material Incentives: money, things, services Purposive Incentives: goal/purpose of the organization itself, passion Recruit members sometimes using fear & anger May be deeply controversial/off the times Also, patronage can help to attract members Incentives to Join: combating the “free rider” problem
Some members of an interest group may not care about many of the issues w/which the interest group gets involved. What the interest group does may reflect what the interest group staff wants rather than what the members it represents believe. Staff influences the group’s policy agenda if solidarity or material benefits are more important to members than purposive goals. Staff Influence
Check for understanding How do institutional and membership interest groups differ? What are three incentives for joining an interest group?
3. Consumer & Public Interest Lobby Group pursuing “common” policy interests Benefits non-members Purposive incentive to join Single issue focused groups Tend to be liberal? ◦ PUBLIC CITIZEN PUBLIC CITIZEN ◦ Research and Lobbying ◦ Litigations to advance the cause Ralph Nader
4. Interest Groups & Social Movements Environmental movement Wilderness & wildlife conservation Feminist movement Suffrage – League of Women Voters Equal Rights – NOW, NARAL Enforcement Union movement AFL-CIO What area is fastest growing now?
6. Activities of Interest Groups Information Public Support Earmarks Money & PACs The “Revolving Door” Civil Disobedience Trouble
Most important tactic Detailed, CURRENT- can build or destroy legislator/lobbyist relationship Most effective on narrow and/or technical issues Political cues & rating systems g-records/2013vrgraphics.php g-records/2013vrgraphics.php Supplying groups with credible information
“Friend of the Court”: Document filed by someone/ a group not directly related to the case to volunteer information that they deem to be worthy in deciding the case. APA APA Amicus Curiae Brief
Outsider strategy Grassroots lobbying Who is the key target? Dirty Dozen Dirty Dozen Public Support/ Pressure
Promise of future job to officials Conflict of interest The Revolving Door
Disrupt the institution and force negotiations Enlist the support of others, who will also press for negotiations Create martyrs to draw public concern and support ◦ K Street protests: Occupy, Take Back The Capitol set to protest lobbyists | WJLA.com K Street protests: Occupy, Take Back The Capitol set to protest lobbyists | WJLA.com Trouble
1. What are the 5 activities IG’s use to influence policy making? 2. Which do you think is most effective? 3. Which is least effective? Check for Understanding
Chapter 9 Reading Quiz
Closure 1.What is the fundamental goal of interest groups in the political process? 2.What is the fundamental goal of political parties? 3.How do interest groups support the goal of parties?