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Map Making Made Easy in ArcGIS. Session Overview Map and layout design ArcMap techniques Map output Creating and using ArcMap templates.

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Presentation on theme: "Map Making Made Easy in ArcGIS. Session Overview Map and layout design ArcMap techniques Map output Creating and using ArcMap templates."— Presentation transcript:

1 Map Making Made Easy in ArcGIS

2 Session Overview Map and layout design ArcMap techniques Map output Creating and using ArcMap templates

3 Affective and substantive design Affective What is the ‘look’ or ‘feel’ of the map? Historical, modern, crowded, simple

4 Affective and substantive design Substantive What is shown on the map and for what purpose? What is the substance of the map or layout?

5 Map design considerations What is the map about? Who is the map for? How will the map be used? Are there technical limits?

6 How should I tailor my map? Maps should be tailored to their audience Map meant for a group of School District Officials: symbols & abbreviations unfamiliar to the general public Maps should also be tailored to their uses Report map vs. Wall map: simple vs. elaborate color vs. black & white

7 How can I present my data effectively? Graduated symbols Features: locations, lines, areas Values: counts/amounts, ratios, ranks Source: ESRI, INC.

8 How can I present my data effectively? Graduated colors Features: areas, continuous phenomena Values: counts/amounts, ratios, ranks Source: ESRI, INC.

9 How can I present my data effectively? Charts Features: areas, locations Values: counts/amounts, ratios

10 What should an effective map do? Inform Reveal Clarify Convince

11 Layout design Pinched layoutUnpinched layout

12 Layout design Balance Margins White space Bounding boxes Alignment Unbalanced layout

13 Layout design Balance Margins White space Bounding boxes Alignment Balanced layout

14 Layout design Balance Margins White space Bounding boxes Alignment Figure-ground

15 Layout design Balance Margins White space Bounding boxes Alignment Figure-ground Visual contrast

16 Layout design Balance Margins White space Bounding boxes Alignment Figure-ground Visual contrast Visual hierarchy

17 Understanding Fonts Fonts are the personality of a map Can be serious or carefree Make sure they are legible A single map will usually contain only 2 fonts: 1 serif & 1 san serif

18 Understanding Fonts Callouts use graphic elements to link a text element to a location Use callouts sparingly; reserve them for when you need to clarify locations in a densely labeled Using a callout for every label on a map would produce distracting and excessive visual clutter in most contexts

19 Understanding Fonts Halos function much like shadows Also called "letter casing" & an "inline" in some design software, a halo can be used to decorate text or to subtly improve contrast with the background

20 Elements of a effective map Carefully prepared & symbolized data Legend to explain the symbols A descriptive title Projection information A source statement Other elements: North Arrow Scale Bar Neatline Disclaimer

21 Elements of a effective map Title Neatline Legend North Arrow Scale Bar

22 Elements of a effective map Logo & Creation Date Data source Davis Demographics & Planning, Inc. July 2008 S:/district/sb_cnty/chaffey/arcmap/High School Boundaries.mxd

23 Map Making Basics Layout View

24 Map Making Basics Layout view Page & Print Setup Layout Tools toolbar Draw toolbar Adding elements to the layout Legend North Arrow Scale bar Changing the map elements

25 Page properties and techniques Page & Print Setup

26 Page properties and techniques Set grids and guides

27 Page properties and techniques Set grids and guides Use them to align and distribute page elements Use Graphics toolbar

28 Layout toolbar ZOOM IN ZOOM OUT PAN FIXED ZOOM IN FIXED ZOOM OUT ZOOM WHOLE PAGE ZOOM to 100% GO BACK to EXTENT GO FORWARD to EXTENT ZOOM CONTROL TOGGLE DRAFT MODE FOCUS DATA FRAME CHANGE LAYOUT Map Making Basics

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35 Draw Tool

36 Draw Tool (cont.) Map Making Basics

37 Draw Tool (cont.) Map Making Basics

38 Draw Tool (cont.)

39 Map Making Basics Draw Tool (cont.)

40 Using ArcMap Templates What are templates? Contain static elements Speed map creation Are useful for creating map series Standardize layouts Can be shared with other depts. Are stored in.mxt file format

41 Using an existing template At start of ArcMap, choose a template Using ArcMap Templates Within ArcMap, switch to another template Layout tool bar > Change layout

42 Where are templates stored? ESRI produced templates are located in:

43 Where are templates stored? Custom produced templates are saved in: Or can be saved on a network folder to be used by a dept.

44 Using ArcMap Templates Create your own template Start Arcmap Create new map or open an existing map or template Customize your map Add layers & symbols Add other elements you want in template Delete data layers before you save the template Save map document as an ArcMap template


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