Session Overview Map and layout design ArcMap techniques Map output Creating and using ArcMap templates
Affective and substantive design Affective What is the ‘look’ or ‘feel’ of the map? Historical, modern, crowded, simple
Affective and substantive design Substantive What is shown on the map and for what purpose? What is the substance of the map or layout?
Map design considerations What is the map about? Who is the map for? How will the map be used? Are there technical limits?
How should I tailor my map? Maps should be tailored to their audience Map meant for a group of School District Officials: symbols & abbreviations unfamiliar to the general public Maps should also be tailored to their uses Report map vs. Wall map: simple vs. elaborate color vs. black & white
How can I present my data effectively? Graduated symbols Features: locations, lines, areas Values: counts/amounts, ratios, ranks Source: ESRI, INC.
How can I present my data effectively? Graduated colors Features: areas, continuous phenomena Values: counts/amounts, ratios, ranks Source: ESRI, INC.
How can I present my data effectively? Charts Features: areas, locations Values: counts/amounts, ratios
What should an effective map do? Inform Reveal Clarify Convince
Layout design Balance Margins White space Bounding boxes Alignment Unbalanced layout
Layout design Balance Margins White space Bounding boxes Alignment Balanced layout
Layout design Balance Margins White space Bounding boxes Alignment Figure-ground
Layout design Balance Margins White space Bounding boxes Alignment Figure-ground Visual contrast
Layout design Balance Margins White space Bounding boxes Alignment Figure-ground Visual contrast Visual hierarchy
Understanding Fonts Fonts are the personality of a map Can be serious or carefree Make sure they are legible A single map will usually contain only 2 fonts: 1 serif & 1 san serif
Understanding Fonts Callouts use graphic elements to link a text element to a location Use callouts sparingly; reserve them for when you need to clarify locations in a densely labeled Using a callout for every label on a map would produce distracting and excessive visual clutter in most contexts
Understanding Fonts Halos function much like shadows Also called "letter casing" & an "inline" in some design software, a halo can be used to decorate text or to subtly improve contrast with the background
Elements of a effective map Carefully prepared & symbolized data Legend to explain the symbols A descriptive title Projection information A source statement Other elements: North Arrow Scale Bar Neatline Disclaimer
Elements of a effective map Title Neatline Legend North Arrow Scale Bar
Elements of a effective map Logo & Creation Date Data source Davis Demographics & Planning, Inc. July 2008 S:/district/sb_cnty/chaffey/arcmap/High School Boundaries.mxd
Map Making Basics Layout view Page & Print Setup Layout Tools toolbar Draw toolbar Adding elements to the layout Legend North Arrow Scale bar Changing the map elements
Page properties and techniques Page & Print Setup
Page properties and techniques Set grids and guides
Page properties and techniques Set grids and guides Use them to align and distribute page elements Use Graphics toolbar
Layout toolbar ZOOM IN ZOOM OUT PAN FIXED ZOOM IN FIXED ZOOM OUT ZOOM WHOLE PAGE ZOOM to 100% GO BACK to EXTENT GO FORWARD to EXTENT ZOOM CONTROL TOGGLE DRAFT MODE FOCUS DATA FRAME CHANGE LAYOUT Map Making Basics
Using ArcMap Templates What are templates? Contain static elements Speed map creation Are useful for creating map series Standardize layouts Can be shared with other depts. Are stored in.mxt file format
Using an existing template At start of ArcMap, choose a template Using ArcMap Templates Within ArcMap, switch to another template Layout tool bar > Change layout
Where are templates stored? ESRI produced templates are located in:
Where are templates stored? Custom produced templates are saved in: Or can be saved on a network folder to be used by a dept.
Using ArcMap Templates Create your own template Start Arcmap Create new map or open an existing map or template Customize your map Add layers & symbols Add other elements you want in template Delete data layers before you save the template Save map document as an ArcMap template