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Organizing your speech Tell them what you’re going to tell them. Tell them, and then tell them what you told them.

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Presentation on theme: "Organizing your speech Tell them what you’re going to tell them. Tell them, and then tell them what you told them."— Presentation transcript:

1 Organizing your speech Tell them what you’re going to tell them. Tell them, and then tell them what you told them.

2 What are the parts of the speech?

3 Parts of the Speech  Introduction –Attention Getter –Thesis Statement –Preview  Body –3 main points –Supporting data  Conclusion –Restate thesis –Summarizes main points –Clinches Body Introduction Conclusion

4 What does the introduction do?

5 What the introduction does  Gets attention of the audience  Provides a link to your thesis statement  Gives your specific thesis statement  Previews what is coming

6 What are good attention- getters?

7 Good attention-getters are…  Making References  Making a Startling Statement  Giving a Quotation  Telling a Story

8 What is the purpose of the link?

9  Goes between attention-getter and thesis and “links” the two  Develops a “bridge” between the audience and the topic. The link motivates audience to listen Topic Audience Link

10 What is the thesis?

11  It clarifies the overall goal of your speech (to inform, to persuade, or to entertain).  It states your specific topic.  It is the “theory” on which your whole speech is based.

12 What’s the attention-getter, link, and thesis? “Girls, for just $10 you can learn what makes a guy fall in love. You see, it’s all part of the ‘Get Him System’ published in Secrets of Kissing. And as the ad says, “No longer will you have to rely on old-fashioned advice.” This was taken from an actual ad found in the February issue of Young Miss Magazine. Today, I am going to talk to this very issue. But it is my opinion that we can still use some “old fashioned” advice. According to William Bennett, former Secretary of Education and noted author, “Increasingly, Americans are lacking a solid grounding in traditional values.” It is my job today to persuade you that we all could benefit from taking a step back.”

13 What’s the attention-getter, link, and thesis? Attention-getter: “Girls, for just $10 you can learn what makes a guy fall in love. You see, it’s all part of the ‘Get Him System’ system published in Secrets of Kissing. And as the ad says, ‘no longer will you have to rely on old-fashioned advice.’” This was taken from an actual ad found in the February issue of Young Miss Magazine. Link: Today, I am going to talk to this very issue. But it is my opinion that can still use some “old fashioned” advice. According to William Bennett, former Secretary of Education and noted author, “Increasingly, Americans are lacking a solid grounding in traditional values.” Thesis: It is my job today to persuade you that we all could benefit from taking a step back.”

14 What follows the thesis statement?

15 The preview follows the thesis statement.  One or two sentences that give the audience an overview of the major points  All the points will then be examined in detail in the body

16 A preview statement example “Today I am going to show you why alcohol abuse is so dangerous. We first look at the physical damage done by alcohol, followed by its mental effects, and then the effects on society.”

17 The Body  This is the heart, the brain, the nerve center of the speech.

18 What is the map to the speech?

19 The map is the OUTLINE  Purpose Statement at the top  You follow process of subordination  Three main headings  Each is followed by supporting information  Can go deeper and give details Purpose Statement Section Pt. 1 Pt. 2Pt. 3

20 Sample Outline Purpose statement: The purpose of this speech is to inform the audience of the positive role that laughter can play in lives I. Introduction A., “Let a smile be your umbrella” and “Laugh and the world laughs with you?” Both of these sayings show how a positive attitude and laughter can work to your advantage. B. Laughter can do more than provide a pleasant smile. C. I will discuss the various areas in your lives where laughter can play a significantly positive role. 1. Laughter can help you on the job. 2. Laughter can help you with family and friends. 3. Laughter can help your health II. Body A. Laughter can help you on the job. 1. Can make you a more productive worker 2. Can cut down on absenteeism B. Laughter and help you with family and friends 1. Northwestern University study says family disputes defused by jokes 2. People are drawn to laughter 3. Psychological study says those who laugh thought of as leaders C. Laughter has health benefits 1. Changes attitude and helps overcome serious illness 2. Saves energy 3. Keeps vocal cords loose so fewer colds

21 Outline Continued –III. Conclusion – A. Thus, laughter can make change your life. – B. It can make you a better worker, more sensitive family member and friends, and a healthier person. – C. So, “Let a smile be your umbrella” is certainly good advice.

22 What is in the conclusion?

23 The Conclusion  Restate the Thesis  Summarize points  Clincher - which should tie back to the attention getter

24 The Clincher  Must fit the mood of speech  Must make sense  Must bring finality

25 Identify the three parts of the Conclusion “So, I hope by now you can see that laughter is no joking matter. It can make you a more productive and effective worker, a more sensitive friend and family member, and even a healthier person. So let’s establish and maintain a ‘laughing attitude.’ It costs nothing. Therefore, the words you heard at the beginning of my speech, “Let a smile be your umbrella,” might be sound advice. Go ahead and laugh. Hopefully the world will laugh with you.”

26 Identify the three parts of the Conclusion Restated Thesis: So, I hope by now you can see that laughter is no joking matter. Summary of main points: It can make you a more productive and effective worker, a more sensitive friend and family member, and even a healthier person. Clincher: So let’s establish and maintain a ‘laughing attitude.’ It costs nothing. Therefore, the words you heard at the beginning of my speech, “Let a smile be your umbrella,” might be sound advice. Go ahead and laugh. Hopefully the world will laugh with you.”

27 Recalling the Facts  What does the introduction consist of?  Why must the body of the speech be clearly organized?  What is subordination and why is it important?  What is the most critical sentence in a speech?  What does the conclusion consist of?


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