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Speeches Part I. Two Write A Speech And other useful things.

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Presentation on theme: "Speeches Part I. Two Write A Speech And other useful things."— Presentation transcript:

1 Speeches Part I

2 Two Write A Speech And other useful things

3 Types of Speeches  Informative Speaking  Persuasive Speaking  After Dinner Speeches  Impromptu

4 Informative Speaking  Used to:  Give Directions/Explain a Process  Ex. “how to tie your shoes”  Describe an Object/Thing/Idea  Ex. “giving a speech on the economy of France”  Clarify a Concept  Ex. “giving a speech examining the idea of nonviolent resistance”

5 Persuasive Speaking  What is a Persuasive Speech?  A speech that not only informs, but also asks the audience to do something based on the information given  A persuasive speech demands you:  Convince you audience to believe as you do  Influence you audience to do some sort of action Ex. Convincing your parents/guardian to let you do something

6 Appeals of Persuasive Speaking  Logical Appeal:  Comes from the Greek word, “logos”  Argument uses facts, reason, logic, proof  Emotional Appeal:  Greek word, “pathos”  An argument that appeals to the audiences emotions  “Tugs at your heart stings”  Personal Appeal  Greek word, “ethos”  Audiences listens because they trust your credibility or agree with your morals

7 After Dinner Speaking  These are usually informative or persuasive speeches, but with a comedic twist  The speaker is attempting to inform or persuade through humor  Puns  Play on Words  Jokes  Respectfully poking fun at other audience members

8 Format of a Speech I  Attention Getter (Anecdote, Question, Quotation, Humor, Shocking Statistic)  Link  Thesis  Preview Statement  Introduce the three points you will be discussing in the speech

9 Attention Getters I  Anecdote - A personal story that would relate to the topic  “when I was a kid, my father would tell me ‘the early bird catches the worm’…”  Question - asking a question to introduce the subject  “How many people in here have ever procrastinated?”  Quotation - using a quotation (usually famous) to draw in an audience and introduce the subject  “Martin Luthor King Jr. once said, ‘love is the only force capable of transforming an enemy to a friend.’

10 Attention Getters II  Humor - using jokes, anti-jokes, puns, funny stories, etc, to introduce your topic  “3 procrastinators walk into a…”  Shocking Statistic  “99 in 100 people will experience the effects of procrastination in their lifetime”

11 Format of Speech II 1.Topic 1 1.Make sure to verbally cite your sources “ according to CNN, ” “ Fox, ” “ Journal Article, ” etc. 2.Explain topic in detail 2.Repeat for Topics 2 and 3

12 Format of a Speech III  Conclusion  Summarize (review) points 1, 2, & 3  Tie all three points together  Clincher  Try to tie you closing statement back into your attention getter

13 Transitions  Make sure to use transitions between the Introduction, Points 1, 2, & 3, the Conclusion, and the Conclusion should connect to the Attention Getter  Transitions - are words, phrases, or sentences that connect one topic or idea to another

14 Impromptu Speaking  Brief speeches with little or no preparation  The subject is usually chosen for the speaker and the speaker is usually asked to explain:  Words (love, greed, happiness)  Quotations (“we have nothing to fear, but fear itself” or “the early bird catches the worm.”  People/Places/Events (MLK, Vietnam War Memorial, or 9/11)  The speech is typically less than 10 minutes

15 Impromptu Speaking Format 1.Statement of Main Topic (“I agree with the statement “the early bird catches the worm, here’s why”). 1.Needs an Attention Getter 2.Support the Main Topic with examples, illustrations, statistics, and testimonies 1.Usually 2-3 points 2.Don’t usually need sources 3.Conclusion 1.Restate the main idea

16 Speech part II

17 Audiences 1.Types of Audiences 1.Supportive Audiences - Audience members like or agree with what you have to say 2.Uncommitted Audiences - Neutral audience; they have no opinion on the topic you are presenting 3.Indifferent Audiences - Audiences that appear bored or uninterested in the topic

18 Types of Audiences II 1.Captive Audiences (different from “captivated’) - Audiences that are forced to be in attendance (ie. YOU) 2.Opposed Audiences - Members are hostile towards you, what you’re promoting, or both.

19 Writing a Speech

20 Picking a Topic  If you are given the ability to choose your topic:  Pick something you’re interested in  Pick something that you would like to know more about  If a topic is assigned to you  Try to find something interesting about your topic

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