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What is MIS?. Two Specific Questions How can MIS be identified within academia? What differentiates high and low quality MIS research?

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Presentation on theme: "What is MIS?. Two Specific Questions How can MIS be identified within academia? What differentiates high and low quality MIS research?"— Presentation transcript:

1 What is MIS?

2 Two Specific Questions How can MIS be identified within academia? What differentiates high and low quality MIS research?

3 Method Determine fields related to MIS (Katerattankul, Han, & Rea, 2006) Gather article attributes from the Top 6-9 journals in each of these related fields and MIS

4 Disciplines MIS Education Accounting Computer Science Economics Sociology Psychology Library Science Healthcare Communication Management Marketing Electrical Engineering

5 Data Scrape ISIknowledge.com 102,388 articles Attributes analyzed included – Title – Publication – Abstract – Keywords – Citations per Year – References to other articles – Many more

6 Coded Articles 50 citation classics were randomly chosen from the MIS articles Matched with 50 non-citation classics on journal and publication year Coded each of these 100 articles in groups of 3 after a training session and 2 trials Attributes coded – Theoretical contribution – Type of article (Empirical, Theoretical, Review, Methodological) – Type of study

7 How can MIS be identified within academia?

8 Abstract Analysis Jaebong and John

9 Analysis of Research Paper Abstracts 9 Determine disciplines similar to MIS – Comparative definition of MIS discipline 13 Disciplines – MIS, Accounting, Communication, … Variables – 3 Numeric variables No. of authors No. of pages (end page – start page = no. of pages) No. of total citations (received to date) – 817 Text variables - nouns and noun phrases Extracted from abstracts

10 Descriptive Statistics Disciplines; 38,642 Papers

11 Framework for Analysis 11 MISMgmtPsychology Computer Science … Global Vocabulary (817 distinct terms) Bag-of-Words for Each Paper Cluster Analysis Extract nouns and noun phrases by term frequency (TF) for each discipline Extract most frequent 150 terms from each discipline Result: 817 distinct terms Build a bag-of-words model for each paper Apply cluster analysis to bag- of-words from papers

12 5 Naturally Formed Clusters 12 Total # of papers: 38,642 No. of papers / cluster

13 1 Info Systems for Decision Support Top Keywords from Abstracts Decision Support System (DSS) Information System Software Organization Database Web Collaboration Knowledge Information retrieval ● Core: Library Science ● Communication-based ● Not psychology

14 2 Organizational Behavior Top Keywords from Abstracts Transformational leadership Leader-member exchange (LMX) Relational uncertainty Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) Organizational commitment Leadership Satisfaction Culture Meta-analysis Social movement ● Human side ● Sociology in business school ● Collaborative

15 3 Electrical Engineering & Healthcare Top Keywords from Abstracts Inverter Induction motor Sensor Topology Mobile robot Neural network Architecture System Support vector machine (SVM) Genetic algorithm (GA) ● Technical side ● Data-driven ● Not human

16 4 Economics & Accounting Top Keywords from Abstracts Earnings announcement Financial Accounting Standard Board (FASB) Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) Audit fee Equilibrium Valuation Private information Bidder Earnings forecast Incentive ● Econ & Acct very similar ● No psychology ● Numbers-based

17 5 What MIS is NOT Top Keywords from Abstracts Somatic symptom Body mass index Bipolar disorder Anxiety disorder (Major) depression (Psychiatric, Mental) disorder Physical activity Medication Blood pressure Competitive intelligence (CI) ● Outside business school ● Stress related ● MIS does not research

18 Percent of Each Discipline in Clusters

19 MIS in Clusters

20 Keyword Analysis John and Yu-Kai

21 Keyword Analysis in a Nutshell Questions to be asked and addressed: – How to represent a discipline? Vector Space Model – Based on the representation, how to compare the relations/similarities among different disciplines? Cosine Similarity – How’s the relations/similarities between MIS and the other disciplines evolve over time?

22 Vector Space Model =

23 Cosine Similarity Illustration of cosine similarity

24 Similarity of MIS with the other Areas (measurement unit: each year) Similarity

25 Similarity of MIS with the other Areas (measurement unit: every two years) computer science marketing management healthcare sociology education psychology electronical engineering accounting economics Similarity

26 Reference Analysis Justin G., Devi, Shan

27

28 Interaction of MIS vs others Indicators: – MIS Contribution (CMIS) – MIS Consumption (MISC) Contribution to MIS Who are buying ideas? CMIS

29 MIS Contribution

30 MIS Consumption Education MIS Consumption

31 Healthcare Education Library science

32 Citation Analysis using Google Motion Charts

33 Number of citations received by a discipline

34

35 Number of references given by a discipline

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37 Number of self citations by a discipline

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39 Number of citations received Vs Number of references given

40

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42 Market share of total citations received by a discipline

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44 Market share of total references given by a discipline

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46 What differentiates high quality and low quality articles in MIS? Dan, Julian, and Justin W.

47 Overview Identify factors that determine high quality MIS articles “High quality” = 100 or more citations Logistic regression models Dependent variable is binary variable called “quality” – 1 = high quality – 0 = not high quality

48 Analysis Analysis used 6 models – 2 “standard” models 5 or 6 explicit variables from ISI data set – 4 “conceptual phrase” models Numerous phrases derived from article title, author keywords and ISI keywords generated by text mining

49 Two “Standard” Models “Standard” model Years since publication Number of references Number of authors Number of pages Type of document “Standard” + name model Years since publication Number of references Number of authors Number of pages Type of document Name of journal* * Name of journal suspected of dominating “standard” model

50 Four “Conceptual Phrase ” Models Steps to find new possible “conceptual phrase” variables 1.Text-mine fields for most frequently used terms in – Article titles – Author keywords – ISI keywords 2.Group terms into conceptual phrases 3.Add conceptual phrases to “standard” models – “standard” + title – “standard” + author keywords – “standard” + ISI keywords – “standard” + title + author keywords + ISI keywords

51 Compare Model Performance TypeModelPerformance (R 2 ) Standard StandardStandard + Journal Name0.304 Conceptual PhraseStandard + Article Title0.302 Conceptual PhraseStandard + Author Keyword0.232 Conceptual PhraseStandard + ISI Keyword0.247 Conceptual PhraseStandard + Title + Author + ISI0.479

52 Key Factors in “High Quality” FactorsEvidence Number of pagesCoefficient = Number of referencesCoefficient = Age of paperCoefficient = Keywords(see table) Name of journal(see table)

53 Factor: Keywords Research Contributions study Investigation research Theoretical Background theory perspective building Research Domains computing commerce TitleAuthor KeywordISI Keyword computing costeconomics building onlineresearch influence computingusers success qualitycomputer commerce usertheory research strategy theory technologyinformation technology media investigation perspective study TitleAuthor KeywordISI Keyword supportdecisiondesign information systems impact Positive Factors Negative Factors

54 Factor: Name of Journal Journal Citations Mean Citations Median Citations Mode MIS Quarterly Information Systems Research Journal of Management Information Systems , 13 Information & Management Journal of Strategic Information Systems European Journal of Information Systems Decision Support Systems Information Systems *626 articles published in MISQ received a total of 37,754 citations. The top 10 most cited MISQ articles received more than 20% of the total citations of MISQ articles.

55 10 Most Cited Articles – MISQ Article Name Citations Received Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, and User Acceptance of Information Technology2298 User acceptance of information technology: Toward a unified view897 Review: Knowledge management and knowledge management systems: Conceptual foundations and research693 Computer Self-Efficacy – Development of a Measure and Initial Test499 Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, and User Acceptance of Information Technology – A Replication454 Trust and TAM in online shopping: An integrated model448 The Measurement of End-User Computing Satisfaction413 A set of principles for conducting and evaluating interpretive field studies in information systems404 Task-Technology Fit and Individual-Performance398 The Case Research Strategy in Studies of Information Systems395

56 Article NameJournal Citations Received Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, and User Acceptance of Information Technology MISQ2298 User acceptance of information technology: Toward a unified view MISQ897 Understanding Information Technology Usage - A Test of Competing ModelsISR760 Review: Knowledge management and knowledge management systems: Conceptual foundations and research MISQ693 Computer Self-Efficacy – Development of a Measure and Initial Test MISQ499 The DeLone and McLean model of Information Systems Success: a Ten-Year UpdateJMIS463 Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, and User Acceptance of Information Technology – A Replication MISQ454 Trust and TAM in online shopping: An Integrated Model MISQ448 The Measurement of End-User Computing Satisfaction MISQ413 A set of principles for conducting and evaluating interpretive field studies in information systems MISQ Most Cited Articles – All Journals

57 High-Quality Articles

58 Determinants of Highly-Cited MIS Papers Jeff Proudfoot & Ryan Schuetzler

59 Analyses Logistic Regression Matched Pair Logistic Regression

60 Best Model

61 Theory Comparison

62 Matched Pair Logistic Regression Articles paired on year and journal One highly cited (>=100 citations) One non-highly cited (<100 citations) Analyze variables to determine what is significant in predicting the highly cited paper

63 Most Significant Main Effect coefexp(coef)se(coef)zp TheoryTesting

64 Theory Testing > Theory Building? Technology evolves, so a lot of work is done in applying old theories to new technological paradigms Many theories used in IS are borrowed from other fields, so building is not as prevalent as testing it in the IS domain

65 Conditional Logistic Regression coefexp(coef)se(coef)zp Theory Testing Theory Building Testing*Building

66 Possible Reasons Neither Theory Testing nor Theory Building is enough to constitute a valuable paper alone. A strong combination of Testing and Building produce the most valuable works

67 Matched Pairs Logistic Regression Management Empirical Articles coefexp(coef)se(coef)z Build New Theory*** Test Existing Theory*** Refs*** Reading Comp* Validity*** Rsquare= (max possible= ) Likelihood ratio test= on 6 df, p=0 Wald test = on 6 df, p=0 Score (logrank) test = on 6 df, p=0

68 Non-Empirical Articles coefexp(coef)se(coef)zPr(>|z|) Theoretical Contribution** * E-07 Refs** Reading Comp* Rsquare= (max possible= 0.39 ) Likelihood ratio test= on 4 df, p=5.783e-13 Wald test = on 4 df, p=1.920e-07 Score (logrank) test = on 4 df, p=1.656e-10

69 Conclusions MIS seems to be a multidisciplinary and maturing field There seem to be at least two identifiable areas within MIS – Behavioral and Technical Over time MIS seems to be becoming more behavioral and less technical Although theory testing has been more important than theory building in the past, as the discipline matures it is likely that theory building will emerge as the dominant paradigm for research in MIS


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