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January 9 th Day 1 Agenda Bell Ringer: Now that your personal narrative is finished, name one way you feel your writing has improved over the past several.

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Presentation on theme: "January 9 th Day 1 Agenda Bell Ringer: Now that your personal narrative is finished, name one way you feel your writing has improved over the past several."— Presentation transcript:

1 January 9 th Day 1 Agenda Bell Ringer: Now that your personal narrative is finished, name one way you feel your writing has improved over the past several weeks. Foresight Score Data with Mrs. Hall New Seats Figurative Language- What is it? Personification: Definition and Examples Start HW

2 Discuss with your partner… Which of the following figurative language terms do you remember? ◦ Personification ◦ Simile ◦ Metaphor ◦ Hyperbole ◦ Alliteration ◦ Onomatopoeia

3 Figurative Vs. Literal Language: Which sentence is the most boring??? The Steelers defense was like a bulldozer to the Ravens offense. The Steelers were cheetahs and the Ravens were mice. The football licked the goal line, securing a Steelers victory. The Steelers won the NFL playoff game against the Ravens. The cheers of Steelers fans were so loud, they shook Heinz field. The Steelers felt the sweet smell of success on Sunday. The crowd could hear the crush and crack of Ben’s helmet when he was hit.

4 Literal Versus Figurative Language Literal: language is true to fact. It uses words according to their actual meaning. Figurative language: makes comparisons between unrelated things or ideas, in order to show something about a subject.

5 Personification Definition: Giving human qualities or ideas to nonhuman things such as hearing, feeling, talking, or making decisions Comes from the Greek prosopa, meaning “face” or “mask” Examples: ◦ Her stomach growled. ◦ My phone died. ◦ The oven timer told me it was time to take the cookies out. ◦ My locker hates me. ◦ The car engine coughed when it started. ◦ These shoes are killing me. ◦ Other examples you can think of?

6 Summer Grass by Carl Sandburg Summer grass aches and whispers. It wants something; It calls out and sings; It pours out wishes to the overhead stars. The rain hears; The rain answers; The rain is slow coming; The rain wets the face of the Grass. *underline the nonhuman thing and circle the human quality

7 Complete the following examples with a partner: The winter wrapped its icy claws around Northeast Pennsylvania. The alarm clock screeched that it was time to get up. Fear grabbed me as I heard footsteps behind me. The washer sputtered and groaned as it removed the mud from the knees of my old jeans. The printer spit out more copies than I needed.

8 The branches of the tree pointed to the old dirt road. The flood waters swallowed the trees in one big gulp. The stars winked at us from the night sky. Listening to the piano sing its happy tune made me want to dance. That carrot cake with the cream cheese icing is calling my name.

9 Agenda: January 10 th Day 2 Bell Ringer: 1. Define personification. 2. Write down one example of personification. SSR Go over HW Similes: Definitions and Examples Metaphors: Definitions and Examples Start HW

10 Simile Definition: a comparison between two different objects that uses “like” or “as” to make the comparison. A is like B Comes from the Latin word similes, meaning “similar” Examples: ◦ He ran as fast as a cheetah. ◦ My hair looks like flowing ocean waves at midnight. ◦ My hands are as rough as the skin of a crocodile. ◦ Life is like a box of chocolates, you never know what you’re gonna get.

11 Important! Using “like” or “as” doesn’t make a simile. Not a Simile: I like pizza. Simile: The moon is like a pizza. A comparison must be made.

12 Willow and Ginkgo by Eve Merriam The willow is like an etching, Fine-lined against the sky. The ginkgo is like a crude sketch, Hardly worthy to be signed. The willow’s music is like a soprano, Delicate and thin. The ginkgo’s tune is like a chorus With everyone joining in.

13 The willow is sleek as a velvet-nosed calf; The ginkgo is leathery as an old bull. The willow’s branches are like silken thread; The ginkgo’s like stubby rough wool. The willow is like a nymph with streaming hair; Wherever it grows, there is green and gold and fair. The willow dips to the water, Protected and precious, like the king’s favorite daughter.

14 The ginkgo forces its way through gray concrete; Like a city child, it grows up in the street. Thrust against the metal sky, Somehow it survives and even thrives. My eyes feast upon the willow, But my heart goes to the ginkgo.

15 Metaphor Means “transference” in Greek The writer transfers the qualities from one thing to another thing. Compares two things, but does NOT use “like” or “as” to make the comparison A is B.

16 Identify the 2 things being compared in these metaphors an explain in what way they are alike. The lake was a huge mirror in the moonlight. The playground became a lake after the thunderous rain. Men are dogs. My heart’s a stereo.

17 Which are similes and which are metaphors? Jenny sings like a bird. Mary is a pack rat. We always go to the beach for vacation. The dancer moved around the stage like a spinning top. As my sister ran to the room, my brother said, “Let’s hide from her!” We could not persuade her to go with us. My friend is a stubborn mule. Our lawn is a green carpet from the fence to the street. He hit that ball a mile away.

18 Dreams by Langston Hughes Hold fast to dreams For if dreams die Life is a broken winged bird That cannot fly. Hold fast to dreams For when dreams go Life is a barren field Frozen with snow.

19 January 11 th Day 3 Bell Ringer: 1. What is the difference between a simile and a metaphor? 2. Is the following statement a simile or a metaphor? Blood seeped out of the wound like teardrops. SSR Go over HW Alliteration: Definition and Examples Hyperbole: Definition and Examples Start HW

20 Alliteration Definition: repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words Makes certain words stand out Makes the reader feel a certain mood when read out loud Then up and spake an old sailor, Had sailed to the Spanish Main, “I pray thee, put into yonder port, For I fear a hurricane.” - Henry W. Longfellow, “The Wreck of Hesperus”

21 Hear the loud alarum bells— Brazen bells! What a tale of terror, now, their turbulency tells! - Edgar Allen Poe, “The Bells” Swing low, sweet chariot, Comin’ for to carry me home. - Traditional Spiritual

22 Hyperbole Definition: an exaggeration that is so dramatic that no one would believe the statement is true Examples: I could sleep for a year. This box weighs a ton. My mom’s gonna kill me. His eyes were as round as saucers. I nearly died laughing. I’ve told you a million times not to exaggerate. Come up with 2 more on your own!

23 The blue bells were broken by Billy Brown. The mountain of paperwork weighed heavily on the teacher’s desk. Randy's house was so big that it took a week to walk from one end to the other. The leaves danced in the summer breeze. After Mindy ate her mother's garlic bread, she could singe any one's eyebrows off with her breath. Sarah’s hair was a curtain of yellow silk against her back. The engagement ring Steven gave Miranda was so small that a magnifying glass was needed to see it. He was so skinny that when he turned sideways he was as thin as a nickel. The oak tree’s limbs stretched in the sunlight. My mother’s lecture on good manners lasted two weeks one afternoon.

24 Agenda: January 12 th Day 4 Bell Ringer: 1.Define alliteration. 2.Write an example of an alliteration. 3.Define hyperbole. 4.Write an example of a hyperbole. SSR Go over HW Onomatopoeia: Definition and examples Figurative Language in Song Lyrics

25 Onomatopoeia : a word whose sound suggests it’s meaning It's sort of whack, whir, wheeze, whine Sputter, splat, squirt, scrape Clink, clank, clunk, clatter Crash, bang, beep, buzz Ring, rip, roar, retch Twang, toot, tinkle, thud Pop, plop, plunk, POW Snort, snuck, sniff, smack Screech, splash, squish, squeak Jingle, rattle, squeal, boing Honk, hoot, hack, belch." (Todd Rundgren, "Onomatopoeia")

26 January 13 th Day 5 Bell Ringer: Figurative Language Matching SSR Finish Figurative Language in Song Lyrics Start HW (Beatles Examples)

27 Bell Ringer Figurative LanguageDefinition AlliterationGiving human qualities to ideas and things OnomatopoeiaRepeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words MetaphorA comparison using “like” or “as” SimileWords whose sounds suggests their meaning PersonificationA comparison that does not use “like” or “as” HyperboleAn extreme exaggeration

28 Agenda: January 17 th Day 6 Bell Ringer Book Chats Go over HW Figurative Language Review: Trashketball

29 Agenda: January 18 th Day 1 Bell Ringer SSR Figurative Language Quiz Introduction to Poetry

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