Presentation on theme: "“Everyone can learn but we have to figure out how to teach”"— Presentation transcript:
“Everyone can learn but we have to figure out how to teach”
My inspiration Dr. Marc Gold Marc Gold began his career as a special education teacher in Los Angeles. It was there that he formulated a values based systematic training approach, “Try Another Way.” This approach was based on a few fundamental beliefs: Everyone can learn but we have to figure out how to teach; students with developmental disabilities have much more potential than anyone realizes; and all people with disabilities should have the opportunity to decide how to live their lives.
“Try Another Way” Video Available from ACTIV library. View at the ideaswa website Go to “Training Material” and click on “marc gold1 ”
Six key training tips. Creating the optimum training environment Using Task Analysis Using modified equipment and training aids Correct use of prompts when training Training a “willing” co-worker Finding the best positive reinforcement
Task Analysis Do the job yourself several times. Consider the best sequence of steps in the analysis. If there are too many steps for the worker to learn. Break into “chunks” Can you incorporate modified equipment into the task to make it easier? The first analysis is only a draft.
Example Put latex gloves on. Pick up burger bun. Separate bun. Place opened bun on bench. Pick up spatula. Scrape mayo/stuffing mix onto spatula. Spread mix evenly on bottom part of bun. Place spatula in mayo/stuffing bowl. Pick up cheese slice. Place on top of mayo/stuffing mix. Pick up two bacon slices. Place evenly on top of cheese. Pick up white chicken pieces. Place on top of bacon. Pick up dark chicken pieces. Spread evenly with white chicken. Place top of bun on burger. Pick up sheet of greaseproof paper. Lay out flat on bench. Place burger on the middle of the paper. Bring top and bottom edges of paper together. Fold down until the paper reaches top of burger. Fold both sides of paper sticking out from burger under burger. Place wrapped burger into bread tray.
Micro analysis Pinch top of paper between index finger and thumb of left hand. Pinch bottom of paper between index finger and thumb of right hand. Line up edges of top and bottom. Hold top and bottom edges together with both hands. Fold both edges over about 5 cms. Grasp left edge of paper between index finger and thumb of left hand. Slide right hand index finger and thumb across the fold from left to right. Repeat folding until paper has reached top of burger. Place left hand gently on top of burger. With right hand fold the paper overhanging the burger underneath the burger. Place right hand gently on burger. With left hand fold the paper overhanging the burger underneath the burger. Place wrapped burger flat in bread tray.
Training the steps of a Task Analysis There are several options; –Train the total task each time. –Train a part of the total task only –Use a “match to sample” technique. The best option will depend on the learner’s ability.
If the learner is having difficulty with a step of the task analysis. Try to break the step down into smaller steps. Look at the possibility of using modified equipment.
Jigs and modified equipment These are often simple but effective aids and modifications that act as an environmental prompt to the worker.
Setting up the training environment In order to provide an environmental prompt for the worker, set up the job to maximise the success of the worker; –Lay out equipment and materials in the same way each training session. –Determine the best position for both trainer and learner. –Have a detailed task analysis for the job. –Consider safety aspects.
The Least Intrusive Prompt Don’t over prompt. Always, always, always, use the least intrusive prompt.
Train a co worker. Co workers provide a “natural” source of both prompts and feedback to the worker. Identify a “willing” co worker. They may ask you questions about your role, or show a genuine interest in the worker and engage with them. Model your training and support techniques. Encourage them to support the worker. Give them positive feedback.