Presentation on theme: "UGANDA NATIONAL RICE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY 2009 – 2018"— Presentation transcript:
1UGANDA NATIONAL RICE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY 2009 – 2018 THE REPUBLIC OF UGANDAUGANDA NATIONAL RICE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY 2009 – 2018MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, ANIMAL INDUSTRY AND FISHERIESAPRIL 2009
2Rice in Uganda’s National Policies Government of Uganda (GoU) is implementing Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP), as the key national development agenda for a few decades to come (MFPED, 2000). Agricultural sector recognized as leading sector for eradication of povertyThe Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) recently demarcated the country into Agricultural Zones, each with specific production features that differ from the other.Analysis of the ranking of enterprises by zones, as conducted by NAADS (NAADS, 2004), shows that rice growing as an enterprise now ranks high in many of the Agricultural zonesMAAIF Development and Strategic Investment Plan identifies rice as a strategic crop for several agricultural zones starting in the financial year 20010/11.
3Growth of Uganda’s Rice Sector total tremendous increase in rice production from 123,000MT in 2003 to 160,000MT in 2007, and was estimated at 164,000MT in 2008
4Current Situation Rice Ecology Current (2008) Production (ha) Ecological ChallengesEcological OpportunitiesRainfed LowlandCommonly grown varieties are K5 and K85.New demanded varieties include NERICA110,000Unreliable rainfallEnvironmental Impact on WetlandsLimited landProne to floods during heavy rainsPoor road infrastructureAvailability of water in rainy seasonCrop diversification can be practicedHighly Suitable for new high yielding NERICA rice varieties with a productivity of about tonnes/haIrrigated LowlandCommonly grown varieties are K5 and K8565,000Lack of irrigation infrastructureWater borne diseasesPests and diseaseHighly productive producing tonnes /haIrrigation is a major component under consideration by the GoUUpland NERICA upland rice is the most grown40,000Water stress/droughtSoil erosion reducing soil fertilityRice competes with other food crops such as maize, beans, bananasHighland ecosystem is suitable for the new high yielding NERICA rice varieties./ Productivity is about 1.5 – 2.0 tonnes/haAvailability of land
5Institutional Framework for Rice Industry Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and FisheriesSteering CommitteeDirectorate of Crop Resources, NAADS, PMA,NARO, Office of the Vice president, MTTI, MWE, NEMA, MoLG, UNFFE, USTA, Rice Processors, Rice Traders, JICA , FAO and other International PartnersTechnical CommitteeTechnical staff of MAAIF engaged in rice production and related activitiesRice Industry SecretariatLocal Stakeholders and International partnersTechnical Working GroupsTechnical staff of MAAIF and other institutions engaged in rice production
6Institutional and Policy The Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) Development and Strategic Investment Plan identifies as a strategic crop for several agricultural zones starting in the financial year 20010/11.Promotion of rice by H.E the President and highly by H.E the Vice PresidentRice industry/sub-sector still under funded though there are a number of rice projects co-funded by the Government and Development partners (GoU total funding is over 300 million (US $150,000)Limited research and data
7Consumer Preferences, Demand and Projections Consumers prefer aromatic to non-aromatic rice, unbroken to broken and bulging after cooking to rice that does not bulge, white milled rice to brown.Consumption per capita is 8KgTotal rice consumption is estimated at 224,000MTTotal production is 164,000 MTImport is 60,000 MTTotal population of Uganda is millionAnnual population growth rate of 3.2% (UBOS estimates)
8Typology and number of Rice Farmers About 80% are small scale farmers with acreage of less than 2 hectaresA few are medium scaleVery large scale (over 250 hectares is mainly on government schemes with aggregated small scale farmers)Women play a major role in rice productionYouth are less involved in rice production, preferring jobs in urban areas.
9Processors and Traders Currently there are about 591 operational rice mills.Medium to large scale mills total to 10Trading of rice in Uganda is completely under the private sector.The price of rice varies from place to place between UShs. 2000= to 2,500= per kg of locally produced rice.Some imported rice costs between 5,000= to 8,000=(1US$ = 2,000UShs.)
10Research and Technology Rice research and technology is spearheaded by MAAIF under its agency NARO. NARO has a crop research department (NaCRRI)Agro-machinery research centre (AEATREC), Soil research centre (NARL) and several research centers responsible for technology generation and testing in the different regions of the country.NERICA rice Promotion Project and the SIAD project are among the current rice projects in which technology is being generated through research and capacity building
11Estimated Number of Researchers, Technicians and Extension Workers in 2008 Agricultural researchers with MSc or Ph DResearch TechniciansExtension Workers/NAADS spend about hours a week on rice promotionTotalRice Specialists (Fulltime)Rice Specialists (Part time)20080902071000633There are two (2) Japanese Experts involved in rice research
12Challenges & Opportunities Agro- inputsChallengesExpensive transportationInadequate capital for doing meaningful businessLow quality seed affecting performance of inputsLow market for inputs due to lack of capital by rice farmersFarmers’ inadequate knowledge on value of improved seed and, use and management of inputsOpportunitiesGovernment policy indicates the need to combat soil degradation in most areas of UgandaVast research has been done on soil health and more research is being undertaken
13Farmers Challenges Land Tenure System High cost of land rent for rice farmingLack of collateral for agricultural finance due lack of land titlesInadequate knowledge on rice farmingLabour intensity in rice farmingLack of capital for rice farmingHigh crop losses due to pests and diseasesLack of appropriate implements and equipment for rice farming. Most Sub counties do not even have tractors for hire.Drought and unreliable rain patternsPoor quality and expensive seedThe late delivery of seeds and other inputs has led to reduced production and slow multiplication of the rice seedRice varieties such as NERICA 4 are very difficult to thresh and require a lot of energy if some one is doing it manually.Poor/ Lack of storage facilities
14Challenges and opportunities for farmers Cont’d Poor book keeping and financial management by farmersLack of drying facilities like tarpaulin or drying yard, some farmers dry the rice on the ground and this reduces the quality of rice.Poor road infrastructure especially in areas of paddy rice growing thus affecting marketing.Fluctuating pricesOpportunitiesHigh market price for riceLand reform/ land Act 1995 is being revisedStrategies for training Agricultural officers and farmers in rice production have been developed by MAAIFRice has been identified as a strategic crop for poverty alleviation by the GoU and development partners. Thus interventions for improved rice production have a high potential of being supported.
15Rice Processors Challenges High cost of rice mills with high Technical performanceHigh cost of Electricity and diesel thus increasing cost of operationLimited access to repair facilities and servicesLow Quantity at rice mills affecting the duration of rice mill operation in a yearLow quality of rice received at rice millsLack of electricity in some rural places thus affecting adoption of electric rice processing machines.Poor road infrastructure especially in areas of paddy rice growing thus affecting marketing.OpportunitiesPublic –private partnerships i.e. in fabrication of some partsIncreasing market for rice due to increasing populationAvailability of machinery at wide range of pricesCredit availability by local banksRice has been identified as strategic crop for poverty alleviation by the GoU and development partners. Thus interventions for improved rice processing have a high potential of being supported.
16Rice Traders Challenges Low Quality of processed rice High/ Fluctuating marketing costs e.g. transport costs, taxesOpportunitiesThe demand for food /rice in Uganda and the region is increasing faster than the supply thus the price of rice is likely to keep increasingTaxation of imported riceNo. of quality processing rice mills is increasing
17Irrigation and Water Management Currently there is a pilot project known as Sustainable Irrigated Agricultural Development Project (SIADP) is carrying out small scale rice irrigation in Eastern Uganda. There is also little rice irrigation in old government irrigation schemes comprised of dilapidated infrastructure.One of the greatest opportunities to Uganda’s irrigation strategy is the presence of sufficient water for rice production because of the several streams, rivers and lakes in Uganda. There is however still a challenge of sustainable harnessing of this water.The government of Uganda is currently discussing a framework for improving Water for Agricultural Production (WFAP). This is being spearheaded by MAAIF and Ministry of Water and Environment.Challenge/SituationDilapidated irrigation infrastructurePoor operation and maintenance of present infrastructureLimited irrigation infrastructureCompeting uses for water
18On-going ProjectsNERICA Promotion Project under NaCRRI – adoption of NERICA varieties in UgandaNERICA Promotion Project in Northern Uganda under FAOSustainable Irrigated Agricultural Project in Eastern Uganda under JICA/MAAIFFormation of a Rice Steering Committee, Technical Committee and Rice Industry SecretariatSupported CARD in the identification of on-going projects for coordination purposes
19Strategies National Rice Development Strategy (NRDS) Goal To increase household food security and reduce household poverty in Uganda through increased production of high quality rice.Specific ObjectivesStrengthen institutions for rice productionTo improve production, multiplication and dissemination of certified rice seedTo minimize post harvest losses through improved post harvest handling and processing technologiesTo improve research, technology dissemination and capacity building in the rice sub-sectorTo increase sustainable utilization of fertilizers , other agro-inputs and farm resources for maximum rice yieldTo improve and increase sustainable water use and management in rice productionTo enhance mechanization of the rice sub-sector in order to minimize cost of farm labourTo increase agricultural finance to rice production
20Seed SystemThe released rice varieties include NP2, NP3, UK2, NARIC 1(ITA 257), NARIC 2(ITA 325), NARIC 3 (NERICA 4), NERICA 1 and NERICA 10. They are all upland varieties. Unreleased varieties include Bugala; K5,K6, K12, K23, K85, K264; Basmati(370), Sindano; WAB 165, Supa V-88, TOX 9, WAB 450, Siena, ITA 335 and TOX 6 which include upland, lowland and irrigated rice varieties.Breeder Seed – WARDA, IRRIFoundation Seed NacRRIRegistered Seed – ZARDI’s, Seed Companies and FarmersCurrent ChallengesHigh demand for rice seedFake Seed (variety mixing, a lot foreign material) and several unreleased varieties illegally imported from neighboring countriesLimited facilities for rice research and limited financial support to rice researchInadequate capacity by private sector to multiply and disseminate seed
21Estimated Rice Production, Area Yield and Production Rain-fed uplandRain-fed LowlandIrrigatedProduction, Consumption and importation of riceArea (ha)Yield (t/ha)Production (t)ProductionProduction milled rice (t)Population (million)Consumption per capitaTotal Consumption (t)Rice Imports (t)200840,0001.8 – 2.280,00065,000156,0005,00017,000110,0002.30253,00028.08.0224,00059,55020132.0 – 2.4176,000100,000300,00010,000190,0002.72516,800335,40032.810.2334,560-8402018120,0002.2 – 2.6288,000150,0004.0– 4.463,00015,000285,0002.92832,200540,15038.413.0499,200
22Production, Consumption and importation of rice Area, Yield, ProductionProduction, Consumption and importation of riceArea(ha)Yield(t/ha)Production, Paddy (t)ProductionMilledrice (t)Population(million)Consumption per capitaTotal Consumption (t)Rice Imports (t)2008110,0002.30253,000164,45028.08.0224,00059,5502013190,0002.72516,800335,40032.810.2334,560-8402018285,0002.92832,200540,15038.413.0499,200
24Research, Technology Dissemination and Capacity Building StrategiesSpecific Intervention1Increase and improve Research and Technology generationStakeholder needs assessment surveysFarmers participation in researchProvide grants to research in rice production2Increase access and adoption of knowledge and technologiesTraining farmersTraining Agricultural Officers (AO’s)Provide facilities and logistics to AO’sDevelop study materials including Videos, charts, books and other suitable formats
25Agricultural researchers with MSc or Ph D Research Technicians Estimated Number of Researchers, Technicians and Extension Workers in 2008 and targets in FutureAgricultural researchers with MSc or Ph DResearch TechniciansExtension Workers/NAADS spend about hours a week on rice promotionTotalRice Specialists (Fulltime)Rice Specialists (Part time)20080902071000633201320061480602018302116012040There are two (2) Japanese Experts involved in rice research
26Fertilizer Marketing and Distribution, and Sustainable Soil Management Currently fertilizer imports are not taxed.StrategiesSpecific InterventionPolicy on fertilizer developedDevelop a policy on fertilizer usage and soil managementAwareness of stakeholders on the fertilizer and soil management policyFarmers able to access fertilizersFertilizers available at parish levelRequired Quality of fertilizer ensured before disseminationImproving the facilities at the fertilizer certification institutionsSupport to research in soil managementCost of fertilizer reduced to make it more affordableImproving fertilizer warehousing at seaport and transport and to UgandaSubsidy on fertilizer for the poor small scale farmersTraining Agricultural Officers(AO’s) and Assistant AO’s(AAO’s) in efficient Fertilizer usageTraining farmers in efficient fertilizer usage
27Improve Irrigation and Water Management StrategiesSpecific Intervention1Refurbishment of currentirrigation infrastructureRepair irrigation infrastructureRedesign some sections of current infrastructure to improve irrigation efficiencyEffective maintenance and operationPrivate–public partnership in management of the irrigation infrastructure for example maintenance fees can be collected through farmer groups.2Set up new irrigation infrastructureNew irrigation infrastructure set up3Policy for Water for Agricultural productionPolicy development4Collaboration between water use and management StakeholdersStrengthen policy on water use, access and ManagementTraining of farmers in water management and water catchment managementJoint coordination in developing water use projects
28Post Harvest handling, Processing and Marketing JICA in partnership with AEATREC is building rice millers’ training unit in Namalere. The training unit will be used for training rice millers and mill operators in modern method of milling rice and training of extension staff in post harvest handling and general processing of rice.AEATREC and SG-2000 have adopted 2 designs of motorized threshers.AEATREC has initiated work on development of pedal threshers and improved open-sun drying method for local rice varieties and under local weather conditions. But these efforts have been hampered by inadequate funds.AEATREC in partnership with JICA and SG-2000 has conducted a study to establish the “Status of Rice Milling Industry in Uganda”.AEATREC is conducting a study on socio-economic constraints and consumer/market requirements of rice in Northern Uganda.
29Specific Intervention StrategiesSpecific Intervention1Capacity building for Agricultural Officers, Technicians, Artisans and FarmersStrengthen rice millers training unit at AETREC to post harvest rice technology development centreTraining AO’s, Technicians, Artisans and farmers in post harvest handling and processing2Adoption of better Postharvest handling and processing techniques and equipmentDissemination of Post harvest handing and processing equipment and materials on the open marketsAvail medium size rice milling technologiesAvailing market information on rice quality and standards, and processing equipmentMobile threshers and rice mills4Ensure adequate supply of rice to rice millsIncreasing production of rice5Branding and identifying market niche that give high pricesImprove rice quality to give value for moneyPromote packaging and brandingInformation dissemination on prices
30Machinery and Equipment StrategiesSpecific Intervention1Acquisition of agricultural machinery and equipment for land preparation, agronomy, irrigation and post harvestSubsidizing cost of acquisition of machinery and equipment by farmers with about 80% of the total subsidies for small scale farming (less than 2ha), and 20% medium scale (2 – 6 ha)Availing farmers with information on access of machinery and equipment and cost of utilization and maintenance2Efficient utilization and maintenance of machinery and equipmentAssessment surveys should be made on farmers capability to manage and utilize the machinery before disseminationTraining farmers, technicians and artisans in use, management and fabrication of machinery
31Agricultural Finance Strategies Specific Intervention 1 Improve Policies on agricultural financeDevelop policy on Agricultural FinanceIntroduction of an agricultural loan financing schemeLobby for more direct prioritization of agriculture in financial and macro-economic policy environment (CAADP –Strategy 20% of National budget.)Lobby for prioritization of rice in agricultural sector policyLobbying government and development partners such as CARD partners to relinquish more funds for rice interventionsTraining of farmers in investment and management of agricultural finance2Reforms in land tenure and property ownership in UgandaAdvocate for land tenure reform
32Policy Strategies Activity 1 Develop relevant policies for promotion of rice productionPolicies on the following need to been developed or improved:Agro-inputs and soil managementAgricultural FinancePost harvest handling, value addition and marketingIrrigation and water useMechanizationDevelop a rice/pulses policy2Strengthen institutional linkages and participation of stakeholdersHold Stakeholder fora’sCarry out Surveys on Socio-Economic impacts of rice production
33Approaches & Challenges in Developing the NRDS Zero Draft documentTechnical working group 1st Technical Committee meeting on January 28th 2009Presented in Benin NRDS Workshop (Feb 2nd – 5th 2009)1st Draft document - Sent to CARD in March 20092nd Technical Committee meeting on March 23rd 2009Improving the NRDS –Technical Working group & Technical CommitteeFAO Rice & Aquaculture Workshop – NRDS presented on 15th April 2009Steering Committee Meeting – End of April 20092nd Draft document – Early May 2009 to be sent to CARDFinal document for in Implementation after NRDS meeting in June 2009ChallengesVery limited finances for mobilization of technical teamsThe required format was unusual to the Technical teamLimited staff in the rice industry who have so many other dutiesLimited Funds for implementing the Strategy
34ConclusionImplementation of the NRDS will result into sustainable development of the Rice Sector