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Can you hear me now? Sound principles to live by....

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Presentation on theme: "Can you hear me now? Sound principles to live by...."— Presentation transcript:

1 Can you hear me now? Sound principles to live by....

2 I Can... 1. Describe the states of matter. 2. Explain how sound travels and compare it to light 3. Describe and compare Amplitude and Frequency

3 Finding your way through unfamiliar territory... journey to personal growth 0 ( I'm lost) 1 ( I see footprints) 2 ( I see a path) 3 ( I see pathways) 4 ( I know my way around) 5 ( I can help others find their way) I can... Goal 1. (G1) Describe states of matter Beginning of class ____ End of class ___ **Plot yourself on the Timeline ** Goal 2. (G2) Describe how sound travels and compare to light Beginning of class ____ End of class ___ **Plot yourself on the Timeline ** Goal 3. (G3) Compare frequency and amplitude Beginning of class ____ End of class ___ **Plot yourself on the Timeline **

4 Sound occurs where there is vibrating matter! **Side Tracked... M atter (exist in 3 states---solid liquid and gas)...and is anything that has mass and takes up space It can be observed to have characteristic or physical features that help define and describe the matter... 1. Luster ?....shiny (metallic) or dull

5 2. Does it allow light to pass through? Transparent...light passes through easily and you can see through it clearly Translucent...light can pass through it but it looks cloudy or milky to the observer Opaque... light can not pass through it... it bounces off this object...behind this object will be a shadow made from the absence of light

6 3. Hardness-Moh's scale....1 soft.....10 very hard 4.Density...How tightly the objects molecules are packed together...(mass packed in area of volume) Time to rattle your world! How come a 100 lb rock sinks and a 5000 lb log floats? ---sinking and floating happen due to density and not because of weight

7 Sound must travel through matter because there must be vibration There are regions in the air where the air particles are compressed together and other regions where the air particles are spread apart. These regions are known as compressions and rarefactions


9 solid Sound therefore moves the fastest through a solid and slowest through a gas because molecules are closest together in a solid and farthest apart in a gas... liquid gas

10 Sound travels in waves....

11 A wavelength is measured from crest to crest.. trough to trough....or starting point to starting point Catching a WAVE

12 Sound waves travel in all directions at the same time---the puddle effect sound

13 It's Batty but Sound BOUNCES !!! Sound bounces best off of smooth flat surfaces that are hard...that is why you can hear a teacher's high heels in the hall. Soft surfaces that are irregular absorb sound and reduce any echoes..

14 Humans and other creatures use sound waves to "see" their way through the world. Echolocation--- bouncing sound off objects and using the echo (returning) sound to hunt and locate prey in the water or dark

15 Humans use ultra sound to see in the human body and we use sonar under the water

16 Frequency---How often a wave crest goes by in a specific amount of time Short wavelengths = high frequency = high pitch or high sounding (violin) Long wavelength = low frequency =low pitch or low sounding (cello)

17 How do you produce high frequency or pitched sounds? The rule: the faster an object vibrates the higher the pitch---so 1. the tighter the string the higher the pitch 2. the shorter the string the higher the pitch 3. the thinner the string the higher the pitch Just the opposite is also true: the slower an object vibrates the lower the pitch---so 1. loosen the string 2. lengthen the string 3. thicken the string

18 Frequency is measured in Hertz...vibrations per second. Humans can hear 20 hertz to 20,000 hertz...bats using echolocation can hear up to 120,000 hertz The Doppler effect...the pushing and pulling of sound

19 Loud and soft sound are determined by the amount of energy used to create them loud soft

20 A sounds loudness is measured in decibels The more energy put into the sound the louder its amplitude or loudness

21 SO......closeness of wave = frequency(pitch) low high height of wave = amplitude(loudness) loud soft

22 Sound can have pitch and amplitude Loud and high pitched loud and low pitched

23 soft and high pitched soft and low pitched


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