Presentation on theme: "Key Issue #4 – Why Do Territorial Conflicts Arise Among Religious Groups? Cold War – global conflict about democracy vs. communism Cold War ends 1990-ish."— Presentation transcript:
Key Issue #4 – Why Do Territorial Conflicts Arise Among Religious Groups? Cold War – global conflict about democracy vs. communism Cold War ends 1990-ish – local conflict about cultural diversity – religion Resurgence of religious fundamentalism – literal interpretation of religious documents; strict and intense adherence to basic principles of religion Intense resistance to cultural and economic globalization; desire to preserve distinctive cultural identity. Insistence by some groups that their beliefs are the ONLY correct one. (Exclusionary views)Exclusionary views
2 Kinds of Religious ConflictReligious Conflict Religion vs. Government Policies Religion vs. Religion Which one is the “War on Terrorism”?
Religion vs. Social Change – Taliban Islamists vs. Western Values – Hinduism (caste system) vs. Social Equality – Evangelical Xtians (LRA) in Uganda vs. Homosexuality Religion vs. Communism – Eastern Orthodox Xtianity & Islam vs. Communism – Buddhism vs. Southeast Asian countries (“immolation”) Angkor Wat in Cambodia – Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge Angkor Wat Religion vs. Govt. / Econ. Modernization
Self-immolation, also called “bonzo” is tolerated by some elements of Mahayana Buddhism and Hinduism, and it has been practiced for many centuries, especially in India, for various reasons, including Sati, political protest, devotion, and renouncementBuddhismHinduismIndiaSati Thích Quảng Đức, and many others, immolated themselves in protest of the discriminatory treatment endured by Buddhists under the Roman Catholic administration of President Ngô Đình Diệm in South Vietnam — even though violence against oneself is prohibited by most interpretations of Buddhist doctrine.Thích Quảng ĐứcNgô Đình DiệmSouth Vietnam Back “Stand Up For Tibet”“Stand Up For Tibet” “Tibet Burning” “as a Political Tool”“Tibet Burning”“as a Political Tool”
Pol Pot’s Pol Pot’s communist Khmer Rouge committed genocide against 20% of Cambodia’s population
Religion vs. Religion Religious Wars in Ireland – Catholic Republic of Ireland – Protestant Northern Ireland Protestants (58%) discriminate against Catholic minority (42%) Catholics resist persecution and seek reunification w/ Ireland
Religious Wars in the Middle East – Crusades – Christians vs. Muslims – Jews vs. Muslims in Palestine
Religions face off in Jerusalem The Western Wall (Wailing Wall) is the only remaining portion of Second Temple on the site of the original temple built by King Solomon in 1000 B.C.E. The Temple Mount contains The Dome of the Rock where Muhammad ascended to heaven, and Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac.
Currently 59% of the West bank is officially under Israeli civil and security control. Another 23% of it is under Palestinian civil control, but Israeli security control. The remainder of the territory is governed by the Palestinian National Authority. Some 230,000 Israelis live in 145 settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, not including the scores of illegal outposts which Israel had promised the United States it would dismantle.
Map of Israeli settlements in West Bank V-P Biden on two-state solution V-P Biden visits Israel