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Southeast Asia Michael Thurston Winslow High School.

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Presentation on theme: "Southeast Asia Michael Thurston Winslow High School."— Presentation transcript:

1 Southeast Asia Michael Thurston Winslow High School

2 Population Patterns

3 Human Characteristics 550 million people – including:550 million people – including: Indigenous peoplesIndigenous peoples China & Tibet Khmers Mons MalaysChina & Tibet Khmers Mons Malays Indian & Chinese influencesIndian & Chinese influences Looking for spices Hinduism BuddhismLooking for spices Hinduism Buddhism Islamic influenceIslamic influence Western colonizationWestern colonization Almost the whole region controlled by Europe – except ThailandAlmost the whole region controlled by Europe – except Thailand

4 Population Growth Population DensityPopulation Density Population Growth RatesPopulation Growth Rates Cambodia: Population DeclineCambodia: Population Decline Between 1975 and 1979, Cambodia lost 38% of its people as a result of harsh rule by the Khmer Rouge communist government.

5 Migrations Movement to Cities Major population shift villages  citiesMajor population shift villages  cities Some Southeast Asian countries have primate cities. Bangkok & JakartaSome Southeast Asian countries have primate cities. Bangkok & Jakarta Thailand’s government has offered people financial incentives to leave Bangkok and move back to villagesThailand’s government has offered people financial incentives to leave Bangkok and move back to villages Indonesia has done the same.Indonesia has done the same. Outward Migrations From the 1970s to the 1990s, thousands of people left the region to escape economic and political problems.From the 1970s to the 1990s, thousands of people left the region to escape economic and political problems. Negative effect of migration?Negative effect of migration?

6 Quick History Southeast Asia

7 Kingdoms & Empires (Maritime Civilizations)  Funan (AD 100s)  Khmer (1100s & 1200s)  Srivijaha ( )  Vietnam  Islam (800s)

8 Western Colonization Why?Why? The NetherlandsThe Netherlands Great BritainGreat Britain FranceFrance United StatesUnited States Effects of Western RuleEffects of Western Rule

9 Conflict  Independence Japan and WWIIJapan and WWII Independence = conflictIndependence = conflict Western nations try to regain control Vietnam  communismVietnam  communism By the mid 1960s all of the countries are completely independentBy the mid 1960s all of the countries are completely independent

10 Forms of Government Indonesia, Philippines, Indonesia and Singapore = democratic republicsIndonesia, Philippines, Indonesia and Singapore = democratic republics Myanmar = military governmentMyanmar = military government Brunei, Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand = constitutional monarchies.Brunei, Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand = constitutional monarchies. Laos & Vietnam = communistLaos & Vietnam = communist

11 Languages People in Southeast Asia speak hundreds of languages and dialects – most belong to three language families: People in Southeast Asia speak hundreds of languages and dialects – most belong to three language families: ① Malayo-Polynesian ② Sino-Tibetan ③ Mon-Khmer Many of the languages are the result of migration or colonization. Many of the languages are the result of migration or colonization. winslow สูงจะได้เรียน โรงเรียนที่ดีที่สุดใน ศูนย์กลาง Maine เรามี ครูที่ดีเยี่ยมนักศึกษา ทีมกีฬาและกิจกรรม ไป Raiders ! winslow สูงจะได้เรียน โรงเรียนที่ดีที่สุดใน ศูนย์กลาง Maine เรามี ครูที่ดีเยี่ยมนักศึกษา ทีมกีฬาและกิจกรรม ไป Raiders ! Winslow High School is the best school in Maine. We have great teachers, students, sports teams, and activities. Go Raiders! Winslow High School is the best school in Maine. We have great teachers, students, sports teams, and activities. Go Raiders!

12 Religions Nearly all of the world’s religions are represented in the region. Nearly all of the world’s religions are represented in the region. Major religions: Major religions: Buddhism Buddhism Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam Islam Islam Malaysia, Indonesia Roman Catholic Roman Catholic Philippines Daoism (Confucianism) Daoism (Confucianism)

13 The Arts Crafts Crafts Lacquerware Batik Literature Literature Folktales and legends Later = influenced by diffusion or struggle (war) Dance and Drama Dance and Drama Traditional dances based on literature or religion Traditional puppet plays are popular Music Music

14 Southeast Asian Music Festival Music of Vietnam: Celebration of the Young Rice Plant Gamelon Music of Indonesia: Oleg Tumbelilngan

15 Southeast Asia Lifestyles Health and EducationHealth and Education Rising health and literacy ratesRising health and literacy rates HousingHousing Urban v VillagesUrban v Villages LonghousesLonghouses FoodFood RecreationRecreation CelebrationsCelebrations Water festivalWater festival TetTet

16 Southeast Asia Economics AgricultureAgriculture Forests & MiningForests & Mining Papua RegionPapua Region IndustryIndustry Singapore & Malaysia lead the waySingapore & Malaysia lead the way InterdependenceInterdependence ASEANASEAN TransportationTransportation CommunicationsCommunications

17 Nature’s Might Much of Southeast Asia is part of the Ring of FireMuch of Southeast Asia is part of the Ring of Fire VolcanoesVolcanoes Mayon VolcanoMayon Volcano Mt. PinatuboMt. Pinatubo Gunung AgungGunung Agung FloodsFloods Flash floodsFlash floods River floodingRiver flooding TyphoonsTyphoons

18 The latest storm

19 Environmental Issues CitiesCities Economic growth = pollutionEconomic growth = pollution Rural AreasRural Areas DeforestationDeforestation Commercial loggingCommercial logging Slash & burn farmingSlash & burn farming Environmental protectionEnvironmental protection Limitations and reforestationLimitations and reforestation Planned migrationsPlanned migrations Green zonesGreen zones Banning skyscapersBanning skyscapers


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