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Information Literacy in Cambodia DAY 2 By MAO Kolap and BEM Greg, March 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Information Literacy in Cambodia DAY 2 By MAO Kolap and BEM Greg, March 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Information Literacy in Cambodia DAY 2 By MAO Kolap and BEM Greg, March 2014

2 Training Schedule: Day 2 Day 2 Morning Topic Presentations Paper Review Morning Break Resource Analysis Lunch Break Together (Khmer Buffet) Day 2 Afternoon Resource Tools Citation Management and Plagiarism Afternoon Break Post-Test Test Review Recap and Final Remarks

3 Paper Review Wangari Maathai vs. Wind Power Is it a high quality or low quality paper and why? Qualities You Noticed in the Paper How does it relate to information literacy? First: Share in Pairs Second: Individual Sharing to Class

4 Reminder: Education Educational problems in Cambodia are widespread Education challenges exist at all levels Remember all the challenges mentioned yesterday Cheating and plagiarism are problematic Lack of proper citation is also problematic Information literacy helps to combat these issues

5 Part Five Resource Analysis

6 Part Five Resource Analysis

7 Qualities What makes a high quality resource? Example: Accurate information Example: Quantity of data Example: Relevant audiences

8 Qualities Type – What is the medium of the resource? Content – What is included in the resource? Purpose – Why was the resource created? Audience – Who was the resource created for? Language – What language or languages is it in? Authorship – Who is the author (and publisher) of the resource?

9 Primary Versus Secondary Primary Sources What are they? As the Princeton Library website says, a primary source is “a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event.” Secondary Sources What are they? As Princeton Library states: “A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. Secondary sources may have pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources in them.

10 Resource Types Abstract Academic/Scholarly/Research Journal Almanac Article Atlas Bibliography

11 Resource Types Book Case Study Chronology Conference Paper Dictionary Directory

12 Resource Types Dissertation Encyclopedia Executive Summary Handbook Index Magazine

13 Resource Types Map Newsletter Newspaper Peer-reviewed Journal Periodical Professional/Trade Journal

14 Resource Types Reference Collection Report Series Serial Statistical Abstract Working Paper

15 Part Six Resource Tools

16 Part Six Resource Tools

17 Word Processing Notepad Microsoft Word/Excel Open Office Google Drive/Docs

18 Note Management Evernote Google Keep OneNote

19 Personal Digital Repositories/Cloud Storage Dropbox Google Drive

20 Communications Skype Google Hangouts Exercise: Discuss the Benefits of Digital Collaboration


22 Part Seven Citation Management

23 Citations: Overview Citations are about: Respecting a community of scholarship. Believing in the ideas of other researchers. Understanding where your new information comes from. Reinforcing the information you create through context. Backing up your ideas by referencing other ideas. Allowing your information to be better navigated.

24 Citation Managers Software Extensions Apps

25 Citation Styles/Standards MLA - Modern Language Association APA - American Psychological Association Chicago Manual of Style

26 Plagiarism 1 What is plagiarism? Plagiarism can be slightly different depending on who you ask, but it always involves using information from a source without referencing that source.

27 Plagiarism 2 According to ( the complex definition of plagiarism includes: turning in someone else's work as your own copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit failing to put a quotation in quotation marks giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not (see our section on "fair use" rules)

28 Plagiarism 3 There are many, many problems with plagiarizing work. Here are a few implications and related ideas centered around plagiarism and information literacy in Cambodia:  Student researchers who plagiarize may do so because it requires less effort.  Student researchers may not even know about plagiarism because it is not taught or not strictly enforced inside the classroom.  Plagiarism is not only a negative action. In many ways it can be a subconscious behavior, especially if it is tolerated/acceptable in a given culture or subculture.  Plagiarism can result in numerous negative consequences, including failing grades and potential expulsion or withdrawal of credits/points from any given course.

29 Plagiarism 3 What are your thoughts on plagiarism? Where do you think plagiarism occurs in Cambodia? Have you ever encountered plagiarism before? What is the best way to fight plagiarism?

30 Plagiarism 3 What are your thoughts on plagiarism? Where do you think plagiarism occurs in Cambodia? Have you ever encountered plagiarism before? What is the best way to fight plagiarism?

31 Part Eight Post-Test and Test Review

32 Post-Test We will now distribute the post-test. You will have 20 minutes to complete the test. The test was extended based on the pre-test time and incomplete tests. Please answer to the best of your ability. You may use your notes from the training.

33 Test Review: Question 1 Question 1 Which word best fills in the blank? Information that is based on facts and attempts to present all sides of an issue/topic is known as _________ information. Objective Secondary Primary Subjective Popular

34 Test Review: Question 2 Visual information about placesBibliography Information organized by datesHandbook Numerical data on topicsAtlas Listings of information resources on a topicStatistical abstract Contact information: name, address, telephone, etcChronology Directory Don’t know Question 2 Choose the best matching reference source to each description:

35 Test Review: Question 3 Question 3 A primary source is: An original document such as a diary, letter, etc. The first book or journal that is written on a topic. The most important work on a subject. An article or book that extensively analyzes a topic.

36 Test Review: Question 4 Question 4 Which of the following is a search engine? EBSCO Yahoo! Academic Search Elite GPO Access All of the above

37 Test Review: Question 5 Question 5 If you are looking for a book on the shelf, which of the following call numbers would come first? B 804 A1 H357 BF 1 P65 B 804 A1 H36

38 Test Review: Question 6 Question 6 Which of the following are effective strategies for choosing search terms? Choose all that apply. Write out your topic in a few sentences and highlight the main terms and phrases. Brainstorm related keywords, phrases synonyms, broader terms and narrower terms. List abbreviations and alternate spellings of words. Scan articles in a subject encyclopedia or other tools to find keywords. Use a thesaurus to identify synonyms for your keywords.

39 Test Review: Question 7 Question 7 Which of the following resources would be most efficient for locating articles in scholarly journals? Periodical Index/Database Wikipedia Google Scholar Yahoo!

40 Test Review: Question 8 Question 8 Which of the following describe a scholarly journal versus a popular magazine? (Check off for scholarly): Articles are reviewed by peers in the field. Articles are written by journalists. Publications have a lot of photographs. Articles are in depth and often have an extensive bibliography. Publications have few, if any, advertisements. Good source for finding primary research. Articles are written for the general public.

41 Test Review: Question 9 Question 9 Failure to give credit to your sources of information is called: Copyright Partial Citation Plagiarism Abstracting

42 Test Review: Question 10 Question 10 Which of the following is an example of plagiarism? Using a textbook or encyclopedia article as a source of information for writing a research paper. Using passages or ideas from someone else's work without documenting the sources. Using ideas and passages from books, journals and Web sites and documenting these sources.

43 Test Review: Question 11 Question 11 All of the following are good ways to avoid plagiarism, EXCEPT: Document citations to items you use. Take accurate notes on where you found specific dates. Paraphrase the idea rather than directly copying the words. Use quotation marks or block quotes around exact quotations.

44 Test Review: Question 12 Question 12 When evaluating whether an information resource is appropriate to use for college level research: Don't be concerned with bias, since any writer is going to have their own opinion. Look for articles published in scholarly journals, since they will have been through a rigorous peer-review process. Never websites.

45 Test Review: Question 13 Question 13 Which of the following are recommended techniques for evaluating online information? Choose all that apply. Rely solely on author information provided at the site. Search for other reviews and opinions about the site. Assume that if it is written and made available to the public it must be factual. Review the information on the publisher's main home page. Select only information that confirms your own understandings

46 Test Review: Question 14 Question 14 Which three things should you consider when evaluating a website? Navigation, structure and format. Authority, purpose and currency. Layout, Graphics and Publisher. None of the above.

47 Test Review: Question 15 Question 15 When searching the Internet you should keep in mind... That you can find any information online if you just search long enough. That banner ads and chat rooms will often lead you to the best quality information. That because of copyright laws, nothing worthwhile is ever published on the Internet. That not all online sources provide reliable or authoritative information.

48 Test Review: Question 16 Question 16 The area of the library where you would go to get help with a strategy for a research project is: Special Collections. Reference. Circulation. Periodicals.

49 Test Review: Question 17 Question 17 Google is A book. An Internet search engine. A research database. An online catalog.

50 Test Review: Question 18 Question 18 An abstract is a quote from a book. a full text article. a type of government document. a summary of a resource.

51 Test Review: Question 19 Question 19 Which is the best place to find research published by scholars, experts or professionals? On In the newspapers. In general interest magazines. In books and scholarly journals.

52 Test Review: Question 20 Question 20 How do you know if someone is an authority on climate change? She has her own web site. She uses technical jargon that most readers wouldn't understand. Numerous articles on global warming cite her work. She has PhD in political science.

53 Test Review: Question 21 Question 21 APA and MLA style both refer to? Library classification systems. Formats for documenting the sources used for a paper. Call numbers. Article indexes.

54 Test Review: Question 22 Question 22 Who would represent the target audience for the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior? Members of Weight Watchers. Chefs looking for nutritious recipes. Hospital dieticians. Professors, researchers and students in human nutrition.

55 Test Review: Question 23 Question 23 Which topic requires a more current source of information? An analysis of the 2000 presidential election recount. Critique of Shakespeare's sonnets. Marketing statistics on MP3 players.

56 Test Review: Question 24 Question 24 The Web is the most current and accurate source of information for every topic. True False

57 Test Review: Question 25 Question 25 In critically evaluating information sources you should consider all but The timeliness of the information. The credentials of the author. The length of the information source. The accuracy of the information.

58 Going Forward Final Remarks o Future of Information Literacy Training o Future Resources o Comments, Questions, Feedback

59 Thank You!

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