Presentation on theme: "Cambodia Statistical System and its Modernization Production Process"— Presentation transcript:
1 Cambodia Statistical System and its Modernization Production Process International Association for Official Statistics Conference “Meeting the demands of a Changing World” on 8-10 October 2014in Da Nang, VietnamCambodia Statistical System and its Modernization Production ProcessSok Kosal, Deputy Director General ,National Institute of StatisticsMinistry of Planning, Cambodia
2 Out line of Presentation Historical context of statistics in CambodiaNational Statistical System in CambodiaNational Statistical StructureRule and ObligationResources and Capability DevelopmentCoordination and CooperationSome prerequisites of StatisticsModernization And Production ProcessKey ChallengesLesson LearntFuture directions
3 Historical context of statistics in Cambodia Cambodia was protectorate by French between the years 1863 to The central statistics office was established in 1948 called Department of Statistics. Since then, the Department has undergone many transformations due to political, economic and social circumstances.it was titled the Statistics Department of Cambodiait was named the Department of Statistics and Economic Studyit was known as the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Research under the Ministry of Planningit was dismantled in the Khmer Rouge RegimeDOS restarted with new building with 21 young staff in 1979(DOS) was under the Ministry of FinanceDOS was upgraded to NIS in 1994 under the Ministry of Planning
4 Cambodia’s National Statistical System National Statistical System (NSS) of Cambodia is highly decentralized systemPresent NSS is defined by the Statistical Law, “integrated statistics data and national statistical programmes; statistical organizations and units within line ministries and institutions of the Royal Government of Cambodia; and their statistical staff and infrastructure”The system is a two tiered structure consisted of:National Institute of Statistics (NIS) – the official statistical policy-making body and coordinating, and empowered to collect statistics under the Statistics Law27 Line Ministries/Institutions and National Bank of Cambodia – collect statistics as by-products of administrative systems or/and jointly conduct setoral surveys with NIS
5 Cambodia’s NSS: Selected Key Line Ministries National Institute of Statistics (NIS)MoEYS(EMIS Office)Ministry of Health(Bureau of Health Statistics)Ministry of Tourism (Statistics Office)National Bank of Cambodia(Statistics Department)MAFF(Bureau of Agricultural Statistics)Produces education statisticsProduces agricultural statisticsProduces health statisticsProduces money and banking statisticsProduces tourism statisticsStatistical policy-making, coordinating and produces general purpose statistics
6 National Statistical Structure The NIS is headed by a Director General who is assisted by Deputy Directors General with eight Departments, NIS currently employed 342 staffs at central level and 380 staffs at local level.Analysis Department and Statistical Policies and CooperationEconomic Statistics DepartmentSocial Statistics DepartmentDemographic Statistics, Census and Survey Department,ICT DepartmentStatistical Standard and Analysis DepartmentNational Account DepartmentSub national Statistics (New)
7 National Statistical Structure (Con’t) Organization Diagram of NIS
8 Rule and ObligationNIS is the official national statistical institution under MOP ( Art. 17 of Statistics Law)NIS is responsible ( Art. 11 of Statistics Law) :Conducting censuses (Population, Agriculture, Economic)Conducting surveys to collect basic statistics (Cambodia Socio-economic survey (CSES), demographic and health survey (DHS), demographic surveys, labor force survey, etc.)Utilizing administrative data sourcesCompiling national accounts and prices indices, as well as economic, environment and socio-demographic indicatorsNIS is responsible Publishing and disseminating relative priorities various statistics and related surveys/data sources in consultation with major data users and producers
9 ResourcesThere are three main building equipped with good office equipmentThe central level staff of NIS has increased considerably to 342 at central level and 380 at the local level.The improvement in the quality of the NIS staff has continued. The number of staff with at least a master’s degree was 34 in 2011.There have been significant increases TA and financing provided to NIS by development partner such as Government of Japan, JICA, UNFPA, SIDA Sweden, UNICEF, USAID and other donors described above.Statistical Master Plan pointed that financing from the RGC will be significantThe SMP sets out a longer term, prioritized plan for Cambodia's national statistical systemThe budget has reached 6 million US$ in 2010 (2011 is the Economic Census year).The Government budget for NIS increased from 0.25 million US$ in 1999 to 2.1 million US$ in 2010 (including local offices, statistical bureaus) .Donors budget for NIS increased from 0.7 million US$ to 4.0 million US$ including consultancies during the same period.
10 Capability Development Extremely difficult to build the capacity for NIS to carry out statistical activities in the country, with rebuilding with small young group staff and need for comprehensive, reliable and timely data for policy making and better planning was very much felt.The efforts were started to build the capacity of NIS local ownership and other stakeholders in the statistical system of Cambodia.First, has recognized the value of local ownershipSecond, International capacity through development cooperation from the development partners such ADB, UNDP, WB, UNFPA, JICA, UNICEF, Sida, UNESCAP, UNSD, FAO and others international development counterpart.Various kinds of methodologies in data collection, processing, analysing, disseminating from administrative and surveys were undertaken with assistance from International Agencies.SMP were made in subsequent years to assess the requirements for strengthening the statistical system in Cambodia long-term, prioritized plan for national statistical system (NSS) for the period 2006 to 2015Financing and technical requirements have been agreed, through extensive consultations, between line ministries and institutions and their development partners.
11 Coordination and Cooperation The National Institute of Statistics, under the Ministry of Planning, shall be responsible for making official statistical policies in establishing an integrated National Statistical System, encompassing all designated official statistics and statistical organizational units within ministries and institutions. The Royal Government shall issue a Sub-Decree on the operation of the National Statistical System and designated official statistics.Coordination in activities of statistical development, including training, with the ministries and institutions of the Royal Government, and the private sector, at the national and sub-national level.Cooperative arrangements in statistical activities with international organizations, other national statistical offices, and other private institutions in accordance with the prevailing legislation.National statistical standards pertaining to classifications, concepts, definitions and statistical units, so as to avoid confusion on the part of data users and any duplication of official statistical data on the part of data producers.
12 Statistics Advisory Council Statistics Advisory Council (SAC) is the highest policy advisory on statistical matters in the countrySAC consists of Minister of Planning as a Chairperson and Secretary of State of the Ministry of Planning in Charge of Official Statistics as Vice Chairperson, and a representative Secretary of State from line ministries/institutions as Members, and the Director General of NIS as Permanent MemberA total of 19 members present in the SAC, including NIS
13 Statistics Coordination Committee Statistics Coordination Committee (SCC), established to assist NIS in technical coordination of the official statisticsSCC consists of the Director General of NIS as a Chairperson, the Deputy Director General of NIS as Vice Chairperson and Director of Policies and Statistical Cooperation Department of NIS as a Secretary, and the heads of each statistical unit within line ministries/institutions as memberA total of 32 members present in the SCC
14 Framework of Coordination and Cooperation in Cambodia’s NSS StatisticsAdvisory Council(SAC)StatisticsCoordinationCommittee(SCC)National StrategicDevelopment Plan(General Directorate of Planning,Ministry of Planning)StatisticalPolicy-making/Coordinating(NIS)Data Users(Line Ministries/Institutions,IOs/NGOs and Private Sector)Data Producers(Line Ministries/Institutions,Including NIS)Data Suppliers/ Respondents
15 Some prerequisites of Statistics Statistics Law – 9 May 2005, governs all matters related statisticsUnder the Law, two Sub-decrees that define the work for the NSS:Sub-decree on Organization and Functioning of the NSSSub-decree on Designated Official StatisticsSub-decree on the Organization and Functioning of the NSS – 27 January 2007, creates Statistics Advisory Council (SAC) and the Statistics Coordination Committee (SCC)Sub-decree on Designated Official Statistics – 19 July 2009, defines the responsible of statistical units within each ministry/institutions and obligations the NIS
16 Modernization And Production Process According to the Cambodia Statistical Vision is provide “Relevance, Integrity, Accessibility, Professionalism and Trust in Statistical Areas”, so it’s mmodernization and production process is to promote the followingImprovement to the mechanism both formal and informal by which producers of data in a country share information and dataImprovement in the ICT infrastructure to support the production and dissemination of statisticsImprovement to the accessibility of statistical data and publication which users useIdentifying new and innovative ways of communication with statistical usersPromotion of statistical literate among the populace in the countryIntroducing new and better ways of data collection and processingStandardization of statistical output, clear definitions and concepts
17 Statistical Framework Development partners / DonorsStatistical Outputs/UserDisseminationPublication /YearbookLeaflets and BookletSurveys and Census ReportsWeb site and Cam InfoDatabase (micro data)Other linkedStatistics IndicatorsStatistics productionData collection, processing and analysisMetatdataHarmoniation and ClassificationAdopt/adaptation of international recoganized methodologiesQuality Contro;,…MechanismInstitutional framework, LegislationInfrastructureHR and HRD /Capacity buildingData network /information systemSupport BudgetProgrammesDemograhicsSocio-EconomicPopulationAge and SexGenderOther Demographic CharacteristicsEducationHealthLaborNSA &PriceAgricultureIndustrial and manufacturingEnergy and miningTransportationServicesPovertyOthersAdministrativeSurveys/CensusData Collection
18 Key ChallengesFunding gap still persists at roughly 65 per cent of the total budget requirement for statistics with only a minor part of the priority statistical activities being financed.A significant amount of financing provided by the donor community however, is critical important to ensure a sustainable statistical system; more funding is required from the government.Further development is needed on methodological issues, standardized questions, common approaches to analysis, and use of National Institute of Statistics (NIS) field work capacityEnhancing further the capacities and skills of the NSS to carry out surveys and censuses is necessary
19 Lesson LearntImproving the integration of National Statistical System in the region world by participating actively in international workshops, meetings, study tours overseas and in various short term, medium term and long term training. The knowledge creation occurred subsequently.The strengthening of statistical legislation as statistical prerequisites works well.Increase the credibility of NIS, improve the quality of official statistics released.Increase the commitment of Government in financing the statistical capacity.The most efficient and organized way to develop the National Statistical System is the implementation of Statistics Master Plan.Using population census to strengthen further the National Statistical System.
20 Future directionsFully implementing of sub-decree on designated official statistics without any delayContinuing improve the statistical coordination and cooperation among national and international counterpartStrengthening statistical coordination through SAC, SCC, Statistical Technical Working Group (STWG) and SMPDeveloping and implementing an improving national data dissemination policies for official statistics is another high priority projectContinue improving buildings, equipment, facilities, and technology infrastructure, especially for NIS provincial and district offices and establishing new RGC statistics unitsImproving institutional capacity development for both central and local level through participation local and international training workshop and in house working experience with all projectContinue improve scope, time of statistical products
21 Future directions Con’t Fully implementation national sub-decree on designated official statisticsProvide the Relevance, Integrity, Accessibility, Professionalism and Trust in Statistical AreasCoordinate and improved national statistical system through SAC, SCC, Statistical Technical Working Group (STWG) and SMPInformed and increased use of official statisticsActive participant in international statistical activitiesEncourages learning, innovation, and high performance for all its statistical activities and developmentTrust and cooperation of NIS data providersStrong recognition and support for the NIS amongst decision makers and the communityContinue improving buildings, equipment, facilities, and technology infrastructure, especially for NIS provincial and district offices and establishing new RGC statistics units