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Cambodia Angkor Wat. Cambodia Angkor: old kingdom (7th-13th centuries) Capital city: Phnom Penn Religion: Hinduism (7th-12th centuries), Mahayana Buddhism.

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Presentation on theme: "Cambodia Angkor Wat. Cambodia Angkor: old kingdom (7th-13th centuries) Capital city: Phnom Penn Religion: Hinduism (7th-12th centuries), Mahayana Buddhism."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cambodia Angkor Wat

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3 Cambodia Angkor: old kingdom (7th-13th centuries) Capital city: Phnom Penn Religion: Hinduism (7th-12th centuries), Mahayana Buddhism (12th-14th centuries); Theravada Buddhism (15th-present) Khmer ethnic Mon-Khmer language

4 Hinduism Polytheistic religion (worship many gods and goddesses) Goal is to achieve moksa--by praying, worshipping (darsana) and giving offering to gods Each god has a female companion and rides on vehicle such as bull (Nandi), lion, goose; each holds some attributes (Siva: tridents and Vishnu: conch shell and wheel)

5 Triad Brahma-God of Creator Vishnu-God of Preserver (has many incarnations such as Rama and Krishna) Shiva-God of Destroyer (also the protector of animals) Devi-goddess (e.g., Laksmi (“Good Fortune”) and Parvati); symbolizing beauty, benevolent, and wealth as well as power and wrath

6 3.29 Angkor Wat, early 12th century

7 Angkor Wat King Suryavarman II (c CE) Hindu temple, facing West (direction of death), associates with Vishnu It symbolizes the center of the universe, Mount Meru The moat symbolizes the oceans surrounding the earth The succession of concentric galleries represent the mountain ranges that surround Mount Meru The towers (Gopura) represent the mountain’s peaks It was converted to Theravada temple in the 15th century

8 King Suryarvarman II, c

9 Plan Square shape with cruciform cloister Enter on the West side through the causeway Made of sandstone; foundation was made of laterite Upper level carries five towers and surrounding galleries The summit is enclosed by continuous gallery (60m square); the center shrine tower is 42m high.

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13 Library

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15 Gallery and main towers

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20 Apsaras (celestrial beings)

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22 Apsaras

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25 Lotus motif

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27 Upper towers

28 Main tower

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30 Vishnu

31 Interior sculpture: 8 arm Vishnu may have been located in the main sanctuary Interior decorated with bas-relief Themes: Ramayana and Mahabartha epics Historic procession of King Suryavarman II and court The West and East sides depicted the Heavens and Hells Apsaras (celestial beings): approximately 2000

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34 Suryavarman II

35 Vishnu and Garuda

36 The Judgement of Yama, God of Dead and the Underworld

37 Battle scene

38 The Churning of the Sea of Milk Story taken from the Bhagavata-Purana Gods and demons (asuras) Naga Vasuki used as a robe for the churning Produce the amrita, the elixir of immortality

39 Gods

40 The Churning of the Sea of Milk, E gallery

41 Demons

42 Syam khuk


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