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Nevada High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (NIDTA) Annual Threat Assessment - 2010 #1 drug threat – methamphetamine Most available, frequently used –

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Presentation on theme: "Nevada High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (NIDTA) Annual Threat Assessment - 2010 #1 drug threat – methamphetamine Most available, frequently used –"— Presentation transcript:

1 Nevada High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (NIDTA) Annual Threat Assessment #1 drug threat – methamphetamine Most available, frequently used – marijuana Increase in heroin (black tar) Seizure rates: 2007 – 1 kilo 2008 – 6 kilos 2009 – 13 kilos Heroin being obtained in lieu of pharmaceutical analgesics (cheaper, easier to obtain)

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10 Adderall Psychostimulant combination of Detroamphetamine and Levoamphetamine Increase alertness, libido, concentration and overall cognitive performance while decreasing fatigue Available in two forms: Instant Release (IR) – indicated for use in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy, and eXtended Release (XR) – approved for use only with ADHD Schedule II drug (has significant abuse/addiction potential)

11 Adderall, continued Adderall IR doses available in 5, 7.5, 10, , 20, and 30 mg Adderall XR doses available in 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30mg Can significantly increase blood pressure, has the same risk of causing sudden death, stroke, and heart attack as methylphenidate (Ritalin) and other stimulants

12 Adderall continued Used as a “study drug” and as a party drug University of Wisconsin study (2004) – 14% of students used an ADHD medicine for “study/party” purpose College campuses seen to be highly competitive or had high rates of binge drinking had 25% of their students misusing an ADHD medicine (Twohey, Megan – 2006) Adderall has been banned by the Nevada State Athletic Commission

13 Salvia Divinorum Member of the sage family Used for centuries by Mazatec shamans (induce a trancelike state to find the cause of a person’s illness) Chewed/smoked – dreamlike hallucinations, out of body experiences, occasional delirium Major affects last only for minutes, disappear in about ½ hour (compared to DMT “trips” in the 60’s)

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15 Kratom Medicinal leaf from a large tree in the Rubiaceae family native to Southeast Asia Now illegal in Thailand and Malaysia, but was traditionally used for its psychoactive properties (leaves were chewed by manual workers/laborers seeking a numbing and stimulating affect) Psychoactive affects reported to be short-lived, and disappear a few hours Mild dependence/withdrawal reported (depression, fatigue, restlessness, insomnia, teary eyes) DEA has added Kratom to their list of “drugs and chemicals of concern

16 Damiana Shrub native to Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central/South America Traditionally used for its reported aphrodisiac affects Drank as a tea Used as a herbal medicine (energy, low estrogen, frigidity, hot flashes, impotency, menopause) When smoked, affects similar to tobacco – when combined with Passionflower can be extremely relaxing and sleep inducing Ingredient in “Black Mamba” – head shop product reported to have affects similar to marijuana

17 Synthetic Cannabinoid HU-210: synthesized in 1988 More potent and has extended duration of action than natural THC from cannabis Potent analgesic Reported (along with other synthetic cannabinoids like WIN 55, and JWH-133) to reduce inflammation When included in “Spice” products, can be seized by legal authorities

18 GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate Rapidly acting CNS depressant Used as a sleep inducer in the 60’s and 70’s Affects can be similar to alcohol (disinhibition and sedation), ecstasy (sensory enhancement and empathy), and heroin intoxication (euphoria) Usually taken in liquid form (alcohol/water – capful or teaspoonful – 2.5 grams) Affects can last 3-6 hours ( a dose can cost $5-10) 1 gram - relaxation 2 grams - respiration/heart rate drops; coordination, balance and circulation are disrupted 2-4 grams – speech and coordination become impaired

19 GHB continued Side affects: depression, delusions, hallucinations, seizures, nausea, vomiting (can be a warning of an impending overdose), respiratory depression, greatly reduced heart rate, and coma/death Thought to lower dopamine levels – can induce sleep, but when the user awakes, can be very aroused and active Withdrawal can be severe/difficult – may include seizures Has been used as a “date rape” drug (induces euphoria while lowering inhibitions)

20 Alphabet with Number Drugs 2C-T-7 and 2C-T-2 psycho-stimulants heightened sensitivity, increased awareness, and can induce delirium – unpleasant affects include nausea, vomiting, and muscle tension can cause life threatening cardiovascular affects in high doses many street names 2C-B (Nexus) amphetamine-like affects are “dose variable” – mild stimulation at low doses and intense hallucinogenic experiences with high doses

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22 Reported Reno Drug Prices THC (dank, chronic, bud, weed, BC, goo, grass, skunk) 1/8 - $40-50 “dub” – grams - $20 ¼ oz - $ lb - $ Mollies (reported to be “pure” MDMA.1 gram - $20 Ecstasy (e, XTC) 1 pill/tab - $10 Cocaine 1 gram - $40-50 eightball - $120 Methamphetamine 1 gram $10 “Shrooms” 1/8 oz - $20 LSD (acid) 1 hit - $4-10

23 WHAT NOW? Questions Comments Suggestions THANK YOU

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