Presentation on theme: "The Cedar Glade Ecosystem. What is a cedar glade? Endangered Ecosystem Characteristics: – Very thin soil layers – Exposed limestone rock – Surrounded."— Presentation transcript:
The Cedar Glade Ecosystem
What is a cedar glade? Endangered Ecosystem Characteristics: – Very thin soil layers – Exposed limestone rock – Surrounded by junipers – Dry in summer, wet in winter
What is a Cedar Glade?
Where are the Cedar Glades? Central Basin of Middle TN
Where are the Cedar Glades?
The Zones of the Cedar Glades Zone 1- Bare rock, no soil Zone 2- Gravelly glades; 0-2 in. soil Zone 3- Grassy glades; 2-8 in. soil Zone 4- Shrub zone; 8-12 in. soil Zone 5- Cedar woods zone; 12+ in. soil
The Zones of the Cedar Glades
Zone 1: Bare rock, No soil Zone 2: Gravelly Glade; 0-2 in. soil Zone 3: Grassy Glade; 2-8 in. soil Zone 4: Shrub Zone; 8-12 in. soil Zone 5: Cedar woods; 12 in. soil
What makes the Cedar Glades Unique? Found primarily in Middle TN – A few other places in the South Endemic Plant Species – What does endemic mean? – How? Adapted to extreme environment Can not compete elsewhere We have plants in Rutherford Co. that are not found anywhere else in the world!
Now here are some important Cedar Glade Plant species….
Prickly-Pear Cactus The only native cactus in Tennessee Zones 2 and 3 of the glades
Sunnybell Lily Endangered plant protected by state law Interstate 840 was rerouted for this plant Zones 2 and 3, near standing water
Hoary Puccoon Native Americans used flowers as a yellow dye Found in zones 2 and 3
Nashville Mustard (glade cress) In the mustard family Endemic to Middle TN cedar glades; zone 2
Prairie Coneflower In the sunflower family 3-4ft tall; found in zone 3
Price’s Wood Sorrel In the Wood Sorrel family Leaves look like clovers Endemic to cedar glades; zone 2
Shrubby St. John’s Wort Used as an anti-depressant 5 petals, numerous stamens Zone 4
Missouri Evening Primrose Large yellow flowers up to 5 inches across Zone 2 East of Mississippi River, found only in Rutherford Co.
Gattinger’s Lobelia Dr. Gattinger named this blue- purple flower Endemic to the cedar glades; Zone 2
Blue-Eyed Grass This “grass” is really a flower in the iris family Zones 2 and 3
Wild Petunia Blue-violet trumpet-like flowers Sweet smell Zones 2 and 3
Glade Savory Perennial in the Mint family Fragrant leaves Square stem Zone 3
Gattinger’s Prairie Clover Aromatic leaves when crushed/stepped on Red stems In the pea family Zones 2 and 3
Nashville Breadroot Showy flower with large, swollen root/tuber which may be used for food (starchy) Endemic to the cedar glades; zone 3
Tennessee Coneflower First federally listed endangered species in TN Endemic to the cedar glades; Zone 3 Petals bent forward, opposite of other coneflowers
Pyne’s Ground Plum Only found in Rutherford Co. Nowhere else in the world! Red, fleshy fruit Zones 3 and 4
Shooting Star Unusual flowers that look like rockets Zones 3, 4, and 5
Glade Stonecrop Form a mat on thin soil over limestone rock Zone 2
Redcedar Actually a juniper, not a cedar Surrounds the glade; zone 5
BINGO TIME! Go to lab tables; Work in pairs When you get 5 boxes in a row (horizontally, vertically, or diagonally), yell out “Bingo!” I will check your answers- you will get a participation award We will continue until all questions have been answers