Presentation on theme: "Do you know the rules?. What is plagiarism? From the Latin plagiarius, “kidnapper, seducer, plunderer.” Plagiarism is the stealing of other’s thoughts,"— Presentation transcript:
What is plagiarism? From the Latin plagiarius, “kidnapper, seducer, plunderer.” Plagiarism is the stealing of other’s thoughts, words, creations ― intentionally or unintentionally ―and passing it on as your own.
Some examples of plagiarism Quoting directly from a work without using quote marks Cutting and pasting text from the web without giving the source Paraphrase an author line by line without giving him credit Use someone else’s unique idea without citing your source (if you can’t find this idea in two or more sources, then it’s unique) Source: William Badke, Research Strategies
Cite: verb meaning to “quote a book or author as evidence for an argument.” Buxton, Lindbert and Hillard, 2009 You must include information in your paper to show where you found this quote, statistic or idea.
To cite or not to cite… You may not need to cite information if it is common knowledge. The world is round. San Antonio is a city in Texas. If you’re stating your own thoughts, you don’t need to cite resources.
You MUST cite your resource if.. The facts may be debatable or controversial. You are using statistics and research from another individual’s work. (for example, US Census data) Anything that you cut and paste from another person’s work. Anything not your own words or historical fact.
In the culinary arts … Why John McCain lost the all important culinary vote: his wife Cindy stole recipes from the Food Network!
In politics KINNOCK at Labour Party conference : “Why am I the first Kinnock in a thousand generations to be able to get to university? Was it because our predecessors were thick?” Telegraph.co.uk, Joe Biden plagiarized Kinnock speech. Knocked out of Presidential Race Although words were changed the sentence structure and the idea communicated are the same. THIS IS PLAGIARISM BIDEN in presidential campaign: “Why is it that Joe Biden is the first in his family ever to go a university? … Is it because our fathers and mothers were not bright?”
Shameless copycat or coincidence? Apple sues Victoria School of Business and Technology for copyright infringement, 2008 “Your business logo…reproduces, without authority, our client’s Apple design logo which it widely uses. By doing so, you are infringing Apple’s rights, and further, falsely suggesting that Apple has authorized your activities.” ― Apple Inc. “Our logo is unique and distinguishable in numerous aspects from the Apple logo…. Are you suggesting anyone using any variation of an apple for technology education related use is infringing on Apple’s trademark?” ― VBST
Dead or alive, you still have to cite! Carnegie Mellon University, Enhancing Education, “Plagiarism and the Web.”
Some notes on quotes Use quotes sparingly; try to summarize or paraphrase instead. When you quote someone, you need to put quotation marks around the passage and quote it word for word. When you quote someone, you need to have an in-text citation at the end of the quote. For example: Overcoming procrastination is important to your success in school. “Knowing how you procrastinate is even more important than knowing why.” (Fiore, 36) Use citation style guides either online or in the library.
Long Quotations (more than 40 words) Use indented block and no quotation marks Jean Ann Wright in her book, Animation Writing and Development states: Time and space are important elements of animation. The laws of physics don’t apply. A character is squashed flat, and two seconds later he’s good as new again…In animation the audience accepts data quickly. Viewers can register information in just a few frames. (1)
Works cited page Remember to include a works cited or bibliography page with full bibliographic information.
When Summarizing or Paraphrasing you still need a citation When you summarize(short) or paraphrase (longer) someone else’s ideas, it must be entirely in your own words AND your own structure. (Biden changed the words but not the structure) Accurately communicate the author’s message Cite the authors last name You do not need to use quotes unless you use any of the author’s exact words or phrases.
Helpful hint You can make your in-text citation shorter if you mention the authors name at the beginning of the paraphrase. Then you only need to add the page number According to Hoelscher (25), study skills are important for college students.
Examples Dr. Neil Fiore (36) believes that you have understand the ways you personally find to procrastinate before you can understand why you do it and start breaking the habit. Dr. Neil Fiore (36) believes that you have to “know how you procrastinate” before you can understand why you do it and begin to “identify specific behaviors” and break the habit.
Some helpful hints… Don’t let the majority of your paper become quotations or paraphrasing of other people’s work. Use the work of others to form your own ideas and conclusions. Keep a separate document open just for citation information as you come across information or quotes you want to use. (Remember to record page numbers too!) Start EARLY! That way you’ll have time to evaluate the resources and use the best one.
Other examples of plagiarism Self-plagiarism, double dipping or dovetailing ◦ Submitting work prepared for a different course without fair citation of the original work and prior approval of the faculty
You can’t use another student’s paper even if he gives you permission and you retype it and make changes. That’s plagiarism. Buying papers from services and passing it off as your own is plagiarism, too. The Plagiarism Handbook by Roger A. Harris, pyrczak.com/antiplagiarism/index.htm.
Fabrication (making stuff up) Falsifying or inventing information, citation, data or document Falsifying includes citing sources that the student has not actually used or consulted.
Why is plagiarism a serious issue? The College “trades” in knowledge – ◦ As money is to the bank, ◦ As cleanliness is to food preparation …. ◦ Academic integrity and reputation is to the school What happens if the College gets a reputation for cheating? ◦ When you go for a job interview, they say, “You went to that college? Nobody learns anything there … they’re all just a bunch of cheaters.” Cheat, and you cheat yourself and your fellow students.